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Current issues in Guidance and Counseling in the Philippines

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Current issues in Guidance and Counseling in the Philippines

  1. 1. Current and Emerging Issues in Guidance and Counseling in the Philippines by Reynante S. Tagum GC504: Counseling Theory & Practice II
  2. 2. Current & Emerging Issues in GC in the Philippines Children/Youth of today are Adults/Parents of tomorrow .. Adults / Parents STRESS Depression Suicide Bullying / Cyberbullying Risk-Taking Behavior Addiction PMS – AIDS/STD’s, Early Pregnancy, & Abortion Smoking, Alcohol, Illegal Drugs, Gangs, etc.. Substance abuse, Computer/Internet Abuse, Pornography, etc.. OFW / Migrant Workers Separated / Annulled Solo Parent Absentee Parent Children / Students (Youth) SSA & LGBT Violence Against Children & Women
  3. 3. Current & Emerging Issues in GC in the Philippines - Stress - Depression - Suicide
  4. 4. Are you stressed? Stress Video Clip..
  5. 5. Modern life is full of hassles, deadlines, frustrations, and demands.
  6. 6. Stress isn’t always bad.. In small doses, it can help us perform under pressure and motivate us to do our best.
  7. 7. But when we are constantly running in emergency mode, out mind and body pay the price..
  8. 8. What is stress? When we perceive a threat, our nervous System responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, adrenaline and cortisol.
  9. 9. These hormones awakens our body for emergency action..
  10. 10. <ul><li>Stress affects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Three Common Ways People Respond when Overwhelmed by Stress <ul><li>Foot on the gas </li></ul><ul><li>Foot on the brake </li></ul><ul><li>Foot on both </li></ul>
  12. 12. Foot on the gas: An angry or agitated response. You’re heated up, overly emotional, and unable to sit still .
  13. 13. Foot on the break: A withdrawn or depressed stress response. You shut down, space out, and show very little energy or emotion.
  14. 14. Foot on both: A tense and frozen stress response. You freeze under pressure and can’t do anything. You looked paralyzed, but under the surface you are extremely agitated.
  15. 15. Sign and Symptoms Stress Overload Cognitive / Emotional Symptoms <ul><li>Memory problems </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Poor judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing only the negative </li></ul><ul><li>Anxious or racing thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Constant worrying </li></ul><ul><li>Moodiness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability or short temper </li></ul><ul><li>Agitation, inability to relax </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling overwhelmed </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of loneliness and </li></ul><ul><li>isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Depression or general </li></ul><ul><li>unhappiness </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sign and Symptoms Stress Overload Physical / Behavioral Symptoms <ul><li>Aches and pains </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea or constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea, dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid heartbeat </li></ul><ul><li>Loss sex drive </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent colds </li></ul><ul><li>Eating more or less </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping too much or </li></ul><ul><li>too little </li></ul><ul><li>Isolating yourself from others </li></ul><ul><li>Procrastinating or neglecting </li></ul><ul><li>responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Using alcohol, cigarettes, or </li></ul><ul><li>drugs to relax </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous habits (e.g. nail-biting) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Effects of Chronic Stress <ul><li>It raise blood pressure, </li></ul><ul><li>Suppress the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the risk of heart attack </li></ul><ul><li>and stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to infertility </li></ul><ul><li>Speed up the aging process </li></ul>
  18. 18. Many health problems are caused or exacerbated by stress: <ul><li>Pain of any kind </li></ul><ul><li>Heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Digestive problems </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep problems </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Autoimmune diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Skin conditions </li></ul>
  19. 19. According to research and studies.. Long-term stress can even rewire the brain, leaving us more vulnerable to anxiety and depression . *Stress causes DNA damage. * Robert J. Lefkowitz, M.D., Duke University Medical Center
  20. 20. Depression Fighting Depression Documentary Video
  21. 21. Depression is much more than just sadness. .. feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness are intense and unrelenting.
  22. 22. Depression is a major risk factor for suicide. The deep despair and hopelessness that goes along with depression can make suicide feel like the only way to escape the pain. 
  23. 23. Thoughts of death or suicide are a serious symptom of depression, so take any suicidal talk or behavior seriously. It's not just a warning sign that the person is thinking about suicide: it's a cry for help .
  24. 24. The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health stated that untreated depression is the number one cause of suicide, the 3rd leading cause of death among their teenagers.
  25. 25. <ul><li>Depression self-help tip 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate supportive relationships </li></ul><ul><li>10 tips for reaching out and building relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to one person about your feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Help someone else by volunteering. </li></ul><ul><li>Have lunch or coffee with a friend. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a loved one to check in with you regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>Accompany someone to the movies, a concert, </li></ul><ul><li>or a small get-together. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Depression self-help tip 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate supportive relationships </li></ul><ul><li>10 tips for reaching out and building relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call or email an old friend. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go for a walk with a workout buddy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule a weekly dinner date. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet new people by taking a class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or joining a club. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confide in a counselor, therapist, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or clergy member. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Depression self-help tip 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do things you enjoy (or used to) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a wellness toolbox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopt healthy lifestyle habits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight depression by managing stress </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Depression self-help tip 3: Get regular exercise
  29. 29. Depression self-help tip 4: Eat a healthy, mood-boosting diet
  30. 30. Depression self-help tip 5: Challenge negative thinking
  31. 31. Depression self-help tip 6: Raise your emotional intelligence
  32. 32. Depression self-help tip 7: Know when to get additional help
  33. 33. Natasha Goulbourn Foundation Mindstrong, a campaign that focuses not on the tragedy of suicide and depression but rather on harnessing one’s mental resilience and cultivating a feeling of flourishing. These are antidotes to the downward spiral that depression brings.
  34. 34. Essentially, the campaign helps make individuals more optimistic, mentally agile, self-aware, self-regulating. It enables one to focus on one’s strengths and build better connections with the people around him or her. Mindstrong, like an earlier campaign, My Happy Hour, is an initiative not to treat depression but to prevent it by taking positive steps in small, regular doses. http://www.ngf-hope.org/
  35. 35. NGF 24/7 HOPE LINE (In Partnership with UGAT Foundation): 0917-558-HOPE (4673) or (632)211-4550 0917-845-HOPE and 0917-842-HOPE In Touch Crisis Lines: 0917-572-HOPE or (632)211-1305 (632) 893-7606 (24/7) (632)893-7603 (Mon-Fri, 9am-5pm) Globe (63917) 800.1123 or (632) 506.7314 Sun (63922) 893.8944 or (632) 346.8776 &quot;Dial a Friend“ Hotlines:(632) 525-1743 / (632) 525-1881
  36. 36. Suicide News to Go Depression at Suicide
  37. 37. The World Health Organization estimates that on the average, almost 3,000 people commit suicide daily. According to WHO suicide rates statistics, one person commits suicide every 40 seconds. Suicide rates all over the world have increased by 5% - 62% in the last two decades.
  38. 38. *Of the 107 suicides in the Philippines reported in the first half of 2010, 82 were male while 21 were female. Seventy one of the suicides were in Metro Manila – the bulk coming from Quezon City, mostly by hanging. Most of the suicides are in the 21 to 40 age group, followed by 41 and above and 20 and below. *Manila Bulletin
  39. 39. Today My Life Begins It Gets Better by Bruno Mars