SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 17
POSITION PAPER ON THE SEED INDUSTRY
Role of Seed in Transforming of Agriculture in
Myanmar
Tin Htut Oo and Tin Maung Shwe
September, 2013
Siam reap, Cambodia
Outline of the presentation
 Rationale
 Background and Evolution of Seed Industry
 Role of Improved Seed in Agriculture
 Law , Regulation and Institutional Bodies
 Seed Industry engaged by private seed enterprises
 Value chain of seed industry in Myanmar
 Challenges in Development of Seed Sector
• Future Pathways with Recommendations
Introduction
27.55
8.42
0.39
0.16
0.74
19.52
1.03
4.54
17.80
19.84
Agriculture
Livstock&Fishery
Forestry
Energy
Mines
Industry
Electricity
Construction
Services
Trade
Sector
Share in
GDP (Kyat
in Million)
Share in
GDP (%)
Agriculture 11,159.50 27.55
Livestock
&Fishery
3,411.10 8.42
Forestry 158.40 0.39
Energy 65.80 0.16
Mines 301.20 0.74
Industry 7,905.20 19.52
Electricity 418.50 1.03
Construction 1,839.30 4.54
Services 7,211.00 17.80
Trade 8,037.80 19.84
Total 40,507.80 100.00
Rationale
 Diverse agro-ecological condition
 Strategic position of geographical condition
 Natural resource potential to become creditable
global food supplier
 Attaining these potential, Myanmar needs to
enhance food crops productivity and
competitiveness
 Towards increased productivity and
competitiveness, quality seed production and
competitive seed industry are key elements

Background and Evolution of Seed Industry
 Before 1966, Indigenous paddy varieties were selected and multiplied at seed farms and
distributed seeds to farmers through state extension agents (over 1 million metric ton of certified
seed distributed in 1962-63)
 Selection method used in oilseeds cotton, pulses and sugarcane varieties and yield trials of some
imported improved varieties
 Before 1977, most farmers grew mostly indigenous crop varieties, locally available through
exchange among them.
 Stagnant rice production with increasing population resulted decrease in rice surplus.
 Whole Township Paddy Production Program launched in 1977-78 at selected 82 townships located
in Ayeyarwaddy, Bago, Yangon Mandalay and Sagaing Regions, covering 2.5 million ha of paddy
 launching summer paddy program in1992-1993 (HYV paddy seeds were multiplied in state seed
farms and distributed to farmers)
 Collaboration with international research institutions in varietal improvement research, exchange
of germplasm, establishment of seed bank in 1987
 Outcome of improved varieties: Hybrid corn, hybrid sunflower, Mutant paddy , GM cotton
 Formal seed flow and informal seed flow
 Public sector to Public-Private Partnership and Private-Private Partnership in seed production
, distribution and marketing
Role of Improved Seed in Agriculture
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Percent
Area covered by HYV (%)
Introduction of Summer Paddy and Paddy
Production
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
Production(milMT)
RiceSownArea(milha)
Year
Summer paddy Prod (mil MT)
Sown Area and Yield of Cotton
(GM seed in 2007-08)
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
MT/Ha
Thousadhectare
Sown area Yield
Law and Regulation for seed sector development
No Title of Law or
Regulation
Scope of Law or
Regulation
Responsible
Agency
Status
1. Plant Pest
Quarantine Law
To prevent
quarantine pest
entering into
Myanmar
DoA, MOAI Enacted in1993
2. The Seed Law To produce crop
with quality seed
and to carry out
seed business
systematically
DoA, MOAI Enacted in 2011
3. Farm Land Law Liberalization land
use right to be
mortgaged, sold,
rent, transferred
and inherited
SLRD, MOAI Enacted in 2012
5. Law on Bio safety To manage safety
of seeds and plant
parts
MOAI Drafted
6. Plant Varietal
Protection Law
To protect
breeder’s right
DAR, MOAI Drafted
Value Chain of Seed Industry in Myanmar
FARMERSCONTACT FARMERS PRIVATE COMPANIES
DAR
DOA
Breeder Seed
Foundation Seed
Register Seed
Certified Seed
Imported Hybrid Seeds
Value Chain
Seed Production
Seed Distribution
Seed Industry engaged by private seed
enterprises
 Ten Rice Specialized Companies produced 2000 MT of certified paddy
seeds in 2012 through contract farming arrangement between Co. and
farmers
 Some local & foreign seed companies. are producing hybrid seed of
paddy, corn and vegetables by support of MOAI

 C P Company Hybrid Corn
 Known You Seed Company Melons, Cucumber
 Malar Myaing Vegetables Seeds
 Small Private Individuals Vegetables Seeds
 Myat Min Rice
 East-West Seed Company Vegetable seeds (bitter
gourd, cucumber, chili,
 tomato)
 Geniune Seeds company Vegetable seeds
 (Thailand)
Perspective from Demand and Supply Sides for
low use of Certified Seed
Low Use of Certified Seed
Awareness
and
Knowledge
Price and
Affordability
Access to
Market
Quality
Assurance
Clear
Benefits
from Use
DEMAND
Under
funded
Research
Under
funded
Extension
Infrastructure
production, pr
ocessing, stor
age
Capacity
growers, te
chnicians, r
esearchers
Incentives
for growers
and
companies
SUPPLY
Challenges in Development of Seed Industry
 Production and distribution of certified seed in official
(formal) system is not functioning well lack of systematic
distribution system
 Inadequate and unskilled staff in technical support,
management and monitoring
 Awareness of farmers on quality seed is low and lack of
established seed market to sell their products
 Limited quantity of quality seed supplied by state seed farms
to farmers’ need and inadequate extension staff
 Insufficient seed processing and seed testing facilities
 There are difficulties in seed import and export due to lack of
SPS and quarantine agreement functioning yet even it allows
2 years grace period
 PVP for breeder right is still under drafting
Strength, Weakness,
Opportunities and
Threats in
Development of
Seed Industry
Future Parth way with Recommendations
15
 Consistency of FDI with Seed law and Land law
 Incentives to seed growers and seed company
 tax incentives but time bound with exit strategy
 Incentive to seed growers
 Arrange local seed reserves (through proper storage facilities)
 Protection of breeders’ right (PVP to be expedited for approval)
 Affordable but market driven prices for quality seeds
 Lessons learned from ASEAN neighbors
 Awareness program to be expanded to reach farmers and private
business
 Revitalize development of cooperatives or seed business
associations
 Rural financing mechanisms (link with storage and pricing during
peak and slack seasons)
POLICY INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONS
Short
Term
(1-2 years)
a. Seed Policy
b. Rice Policy
c. Trade Policy
a. Seed farm
infrastructure
b. Processing
a. Membership of
UPOV
Medium
Term
(1-5 years)
a. Laboratories a. Seed associations
b. Quality assurance
Long
Term
(1-10
years)
a. Extension
b. Research
a. Coordination
mechanisms
b. Market information
Thank You

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Sustainable agriculture
Sustainable agricultureSustainable agriculture
Sustainable agricultureajaysigroha
 
SEED PROCESSING PLANT
SEED PROCESSING PLANT SEED PROCESSING PLANT
SEED PROCESSING PLANT harryraj
 
Doubling farmers income
Doubling farmers incomeDoubling farmers income
Doubling farmers incomejaisingh277
 
Producers surplus and market structure conduct performance
Producers surplus and market structure conduct performanceProducers surplus and market structure conduct performance
Producers surplus and market structure conduct performanceAdhiyamaan Raj
 
Sustainable Agriculture Presentation
Sustainable Agriculture PresentationSustainable Agriculture Presentation
Sustainable Agriculture Presentationb_laderbush
 
Breeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl Millet
Breeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl MilletBreeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl Millet
Breeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl MilletSatish Patel
 
DUS Test Guidelines for Maize
DUS Test Guidelines for MaizeDUS Test Guidelines for Maize
DUS Test Guidelines for MaizeSatish Khadia
 
HANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONS
HANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONSHANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONS
HANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONSsubhashB10
 
History of plant breeding
History of plant breedingHistory of plant breeding
History of plant breedingPawan Nagar
 
General principles of seed production
General principles of seed productionGeneral principles of seed production
General principles of seed productionRoshan Parihar
 
Recurrent selection sca1
Recurrent selection sca1Recurrent selection sca1
Recurrent selection sca1Vipin Pandey
 
Agriculture policy and food security
Agriculture policy and food securityAgriculture policy and food security
Agriculture policy and food securityMD SALMAN ANJUM
 
Fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technology
Fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technologyFertilizer recommendation using geospatial technology
Fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technologyVinodbharti6
 
Agribusiness policies in india
Agribusiness policies in indiaAgribusiness policies in india
Agribusiness policies in indiaFinOnseT
 
ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...
ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...
ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...Private Agriculture College at Tamil Nadu
 
1 Introduction to yield gap analysis
1 Introduction to yield gap analysis1 Introduction to yield gap analysis
1 Introduction to yield gap analysisCIP-PSE
 

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Sustainable agriculture
Sustainable agricultureSustainable agriculture
Sustainable agriculture
 
Seed marketing
Seed marketingSeed marketing
Seed marketing
 
SEED PROCESSING PLANT
SEED PROCESSING PLANT SEED PROCESSING PLANT
SEED PROCESSING PLANT
 
Doubling farmers income
Doubling farmers incomeDoubling farmers income
Doubling farmers income
 
Producers surplus and market structure conduct performance
Producers surplus and market structure conduct performanceProducers surplus and market structure conduct performance
Producers surplus and market structure conduct performance
 
Sustainable Agriculture Presentation
Sustainable Agriculture PresentationSustainable Agriculture Presentation
Sustainable Agriculture Presentation
 
Rice seed policy in Thailand- Nipon Poapongsakorn
Rice seed policy in Thailand- Nipon PoapongsakornRice seed policy in Thailand- Nipon Poapongsakorn
Rice seed policy in Thailand- Nipon Poapongsakorn
 
Breeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl Millet
Breeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl MilletBreeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl Millet
Breeding for Drought tolerance in Pearl Millet
 
DUS Test Guidelines for Maize
DUS Test Guidelines for MaizeDUS Test Guidelines for Maize
DUS Test Guidelines for Maize
 
PPVFRA
PPVFRAPPVFRA
PPVFRA
 
HANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONS
HANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONSHANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONS
HANDLING OF SEGREGATING GENERATIONS
 
History of plant breeding
History of plant breedingHistory of plant breeding
History of plant breeding
 
Seed deterioration
Seed deteriorationSeed deterioration
Seed deterioration
 
General principles of seed production
General principles of seed productionGeneral principles of seed production
General principles of seed production
 
Recurrent selection sca1
Recurrent selection sca1Recurrent selection sca1
Recurrent selection sca1
 
Agriculture policy and food security
Agriculture policy and food securityAgriculture policy and food security
Agriculture policy and food security
 
Fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technology
Fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technologyFertilizer recommendation using geospatial technology
Fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technology
 
Agribusiness policies in india
Agribusiness policies in indiaAgribusiness policies in india
Agribusiness policies in india
 
ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...
ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...
ICT Enabled Agriculture Transforming - Initiatives for Agriculture and Rural ...
 
1 Introduction to yield gap analysis
1 Introduction to yield gap analysis1 Introduction to yield gap analysis
1 Introduction to yield gap analysis
 

Andere mochten auch

Agricultural Mechanization in Myanmar
Agricultural Mechanization in MyanmarAgricultural Mechanization in Myanmar
Agricultural Mechanization in Myanmarnatyort
 
Myanmar
MyanmarMyanmar
MyanmarFAO
 
S7.1 Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in Asia
S7.1  Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in AsiaS7.1  Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in Asia
S7.1 Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in AsiaCIMMYT
 
Aquaculture Value Chains
Aquaculture Value ChainsAquaculture Value Chains
Aquaculture Value ChainsILRI
 
Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...
Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...
Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...Agrifood Consulting International
 
Vegetable seed prodn fr doc glo
Vegetable seed prodn fr doc gloVegetable seed prodn fr doc glo
Vegetable seed prodn fr doc gloLisa Mae General
 
Wetland conservation in myanmar
Wetland conservation in myanmarWetland conservation in myanmar
Wetland conservation in myanmarYMCA Mandalay
 
DIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDY
DIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDYDIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDY
DIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDYMYO AUNG Myanmar
 
Benefits Of Broccoli
Benefits Of BroccoliBenefits Of Broccoli
Benefits Of BroccoliAyur Leaf
 
Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer
Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer
Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer Kaleem
 
Ecological agriculture slide
Ecological agriculture slideEcological agriculture slide
Ecological agriculture slideyosef alemu
 

Andere mochten auch (20)

Agricultural trade, and economic growth in Myanmar (Comments)
Agricultural trade, and economic growth in Myanmar (Comments)Agricultural trade, and economic growth in Myanmar (Comments)
Agricultural trade, and economic growth in Myanmar (Comments)
 
The Fertilizer sector in Myanmar- Hnin Yu Lwin
The Fertilizer sector in Myanmar- Hnin Yu Lwin  The Fertilizer sector in Myanmar- Hnin Yu Lwin
The Fertilizer sector in Myanmar- Hnin Yu Lwin
 
Agricultural Mechanization in Myanmar
Agricultural Mechanization in MyanmarAgricultural Mechanization in Myanmar
Agricultural Mechanization in Myanmar
 
Input Policies in Myanmar - Dolly Kyaw
 Input Policies in Myanmar - Dolly Kyaw Input Policies in Myanmar - Dolly Kyaw
Input Policies in Myanmar - Dolly Kyaw
 
Myanmar
MyanmarMyanmar
Myanmar
 
S7.1 Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in Asia
S7.1  Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in AsiaS7.1  Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in Asia
S7.1 Changing Demand Patterns and Maize Value Chains in Asia
 
IFPRI- Myanmar Pulses Production, Trade and Technology - Issues and Prospect...
IFPRI- Myanmar Pulses Production, Trade and Technology - Issues and  Prospect...IFPRI- Myanmar Pulses Production, Trade and Technology - Issues and  Prospect...
IFPRI- Myanmar Pulses Production, Trade and Technology - Issues and Prospect...
 
Aquaculture Value Chains
Aquaculture Value ChainsAquaculture Value Chains
Aquaculture Value Chains
 
Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...
Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...
Presentation for Myanmar Policy Forum: Developing a Competitive Seed Industry...
 
Vegetable seed prodn fr doc glo
Vegetable seed prodn fr doc gloVegetable seed prodn fr doc glo
Vegetable seed prodn fr doc glo
 
Myanmar: Economic Setting
Myanmar: Economic SettingMyanmar: Economic Setting
Myanmar: Economic Setting
 
Wetland conservation in myanmar
Wetland conservation in myanmarWetland conservation in myanmar
Wetland conservation in myanmar
 
Dharti agro-engineering
Dharti agro-engineeringDharti agro-engineering
Dharti agro-engineering
 
DIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDY
DIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDYDIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDY
DIFFERENT BETWEEN YANGON AND BANGKOK SUBSIDENCE STUDY
 
Seed sector
Seed sector Seed sector
Seed sector
 
Financing in Transforming Potato Value Chain in Bangladesh:
Financing in Transforming Potato Value Chain in Bangladesh: Financing in Transforming Potato Value Chain in Bangladesh:
Financing in Transforming Potato Value Chain in Bangladesh:
 
Benefits Of Broccoli
Benefits Of BroccoliBenefits Of Broccoli
Benefits Of Broccoli
 
Herbicide Resistant Weeds - Peter Sikkema - 3
Herbicide Resistant Weeds - Peter Sikkema - 3Herbicide Resistant Weeds - Peter Sikkema - 3
Herbicide Resistant Weeds - Peter Sikkema - 3
 
Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer
Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer
Use Eco Friendly Solar Agriculture Sprayer
 
Ecological agriculture slide
Ecological agriculture slideEcological agriculture slide
Ecological agriculture slide
 

Ähnlich wie The seed sector in Myanmar- Tin Maung Shwe and Tin Htut Oo

Farm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Intensification
Farm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable IntensificationFarm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Intensification
Farm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable IntensificationFrédéric Baudron
 
Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...
Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in  CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in  CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...
Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...ICARDA
 
Development of New Agricultural Cooperative in Vietnam
Development of New Agricultural Cooperative in VietnamDevelopment of New Agricultural Cooperative in Vietnam
Development of New Agricultural Cooperative in VietnamExternalEvents
 
DYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINT
DYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINTDYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINT
DYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINTFrancio Ligomba
 
Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...
Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...
Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...CIAT
 
Leveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptx
Leveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptxLeveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptx
Leveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptxDr. Ravindra Pastor
 
Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...
Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...
Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...IOSR Journals
 
Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...
Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...
Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...Jonathan Newby
 
Challenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary Technologies
Challenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary  TechnologiesChallenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary  Technologies
Challenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary TechnologiesNancy Muchiri
 
Harnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corr
Harnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corrHarnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corr
Harnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corrAdul Ochieng
 
ICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoIT
ICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoITICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoIT
ICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoITAzeem Sajjad
 
National performance and plan for AI activities and services
National performance and plan for AI activities and servicesNational performance and plan for AI activities and services
National performance and plan for AI activities and servicesILRI
 
Developing an African bio-resource based chemical industry
Developing an African bio-resource based chemical industryDeveloping an African bio-resource based chemical industry
Developing an African bio-resource based chemical industrySIANI
 
Ouma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central Africa
Ouma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central AfricaOuma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central Africa
Ouma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central AfricaCIALCA
 
CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...
CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...
CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...africa-rising
 

Ähnlich wie The seed sector in Myanmar- Tin Maung Shwe and Tin Htut Oo (20)

Cambodia Agriculture in Transition: Opportunities and Risks
Cambodia Agriculture in Transition: Opportunities and RisksCambodia Agriculture in Transition: Opportunities and Risks
Cambodia Agriculture in Transition: Opportunities and Risks
 
Farm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Intensification
Farm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable IntensificationFarm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Intensification
Farm mechanization & Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Intensification
 
Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...
Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in  CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in  CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...
Status and Constraints of Wheat Seed System in CWANA for Rapid Delivery of R...
 
Development of New Agricultural Cooperative in Vietnam
Development of New Agricultural Cooperative in VietnamDevelopment of New Agricultural Cooperative in Vietnam
Development of New Agricultural Cooperative in Vietnam
 
DYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINT
DYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINTDYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINT
DYSON LIGOMBA POWERPOINT
 
Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...
Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...
Public Private Partnership in bean seed systems in Africa is key to sustainab...
 
High value agriculture and market linkages in India
High value agriculture and market linkages in IndiaHigh value agriculture and market linkages in India
High value agriculture and market linkages in India
 
Leveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptx
Leveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptxLeveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptx
Leveraging Technology for building efficient Agriculture Supply Chain .pptx
 
Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...
Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...
Factors Influencing the Choice of Promotional Practices of Agricultural Equip...
 
Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...
Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...
Global markets, local value chains, production systems, and livelihoods of ca...
 
Myanmar country
Myanmar countryMyanmar country
Myanmar country
 
Challenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary Technologies
Challenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary  TechnologiesChallenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary  Technologies
Challenges in Access and Delivery of Proprietary Technologies
 
Harnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corr
Harnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corrHarnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corr
Harnessing the market first draft 14 06 16 corr
 
ICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoIT
ICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoITICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoIT
ICT in Agriculture for National ICT R&D Fund-MoIT
 
National performance and plan for AI activities and services
National performance and plan for AI activities and servicesNational performance and plan for AI activities and services
National performance and plan for AI activities and services
 
IFPRI-German Embassy Policy Seminar “Achieving Food Security in Africa South ...
IFPRI-German Embassy Policy Seminar “Achieving Food Security in Africa South ...IFPRI-German Embassy Policy Seminar “Achieving Food Security in Africa South ...
IFPRI-German Embassy Policy Seminar “Achieving Food Security in Africa South ...
 
Agribiotech R&D in Private sector
Agribiotech R&D in Private sectorAgribiotech R&D in Private sector
Agribiotech R&D in Private sector
 
Developing an African bio-resource based chemical industry
Developing an African bio-resource based chemical industryDeveloping an African bio-resource based chemical industry
Developing an African bio-resource based chemical industry
 
Ouma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central Africa
Ouma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central AfricaOuma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central Africa
Ouma - Technology adoption in banana-legume systems of Central Africa
 
CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...
CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...
CIMMYT smallholder’s mechanization strategy for sustainable intensification a...
 

Mehr von International Food Policy Research Institute

Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...
Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...
Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...International Food Policy Research Institute
 
Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...
Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...
Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...International Food Policy Research Institute
 

Mehr von International Food Policy Research Institute (20)

The History of Cooking Oil Fortification in Indonesia: Government Support for...
The History of Cooking Oil Fortification in Indonesia: Government Support for...The History of Cooking Oil Fortification in Indonesia: Government Support for...
The History of Cooking Oil Fortification in Indonesia: Government Support for...
 
Food Fortification Policies in the Asia Region
Food Fortification Policies in the Asia RegionFood Fortification Policies in the Asia Region
Food Fortification Policies in the Asia Region
 
Wheat and Cooking Oil/Ghee Fortification in Pakistan
Wheat and Cooking Oil/Ghee Fortification in PakistanWheat and Cooking Oil/Ghee Fortification in Pakistan
Wheat and Cooking Oil/Ghee Fortification in Pakistan
 
China's Food Safety regulatory system: Achievements, Challenges and Suggestions
China's Food Safety regulatory system: Achievements, Challenges and SuggestionsChina's Food Safety regulatory system: Achievements, Challenges and Suggestions
China's Food Safety regulatory system: Achievements, Challenges and Suggestions
 
Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...
Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...
Institutional and Governance Innovation in Thailand’s Food System: The Role o...
 
Compliance of Producers and Adoption of Consumers in the Case of Food Safety ...
Compliance of Producers and Adoption of Consumers in the Case of Food Safety ...Compliance of Producers and Adoption of Consumers in the Case of Food Safety ...
Compliance of Producers and Adoption of Consumers in the Case of Food Safety ...
 
Current Status of Agricultural Biotechnology in Thailand
Current Status of Agricultural Biotechnology in ThailandCurrent Status of Agricultural Biotechnology in Thailand
Current Status of Agricultural Biotechnology in Thailand
 
Creating and Implementing Biosafety Regulations: The Philippine Experience
Creating and Implementing Biosafety Regulations: The Philippine Experience Creating and Implementing Biosafety Regulations: The Philippine Experience
Creating and Implementing Biosafety Regulations: The Philippine Experience
 
Making Vegetable Markets Work
Making Vegetable Markets WorkMaking Vegetable Markets Work
Making Vegetable Markets Work
 
Soybean Value Chains for Rural Development
Soybean Value Chains for Rural DevelopmentSoybean Value Chains for Rural Development
Soybean Value Chains for Rural Development
 
Findings from the Study on Nutrition-Sensitive Value Chains in the Feed the F...
Findings from the Study on Nutrition-Sensitive Value Chains in the Feed the F...Findings from the Study on Nutrition-Sensitive Value Chains in the Feed the F...
Findings from the Study on Nutrition-Sensitive Value Chains in the Feed the F...
 
Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...
Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...
Farm Production, Market Access and Dietary Diversity in China’s Poor Rural Ho...
 
The Livestock Sector in India: Progress and Challenges
The Livestock Sector in India: Progress and ChallengesThe Livestock Sector in India: Progress and Challenges
The Livestock Sector in India: Progress and Challenges
 
Production Diversity and Market Access for Predicting Animal-source Food Cons...
Production Diversity and Market Access for Predicting Animal-source Food Cons...Production Diversity and Market Access for Predicting Animal-source Food Cons...
Production Diversity and Market Access for Predicting Animal-source Food Cons...
 
The Quiet Revolution in Myanmar’s Aquaculture Value Chain
The Quiet Revolution in Myanmar’s Aquaculture Value ChainThe Quiet Revolution in Myanmar’s Aquaculture Value Chain
The Quiet Revolution in Myanmar’s Aquaculture Value Chain
 
Does e-commerce Increase Food Consumption in Rural Areas? Evidence from China
Does e-commerce Increase Food Consumption in Rural Areas? Evidence from ChinaDoes e-commerce Increase Food Consumption in Rural Areas? Evidence from China
Does e-commerce Increase Food Consumption in Rural Areas? Evidence from China
 
Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40%
Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40% Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40%
Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40%
 
Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN Good Agricultural Practices
Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN Good Agricultural PracticesRegulatory Cooperation in ASEAN Good Agricultural Practices
Regulatory Cooperation in ASEAN Good Agricultural Practices
 
Traditional Versus Modern Milk Marketing Chains in India: Implications for Sm...
Traditional Versus Modern Milk Marketing Chains in India: Implications for Sm...Traditional Versus Modern Milk Marketing Chains in India: Implications for Sm...
Traditional Versus Modern Milk Marketing Chains in India: Implications for Sm...
 
Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy
Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy
Pakistan’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Strategy
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024Adnet Communications
 
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management TeamTechnical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management TeamArik Fletcher
 
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...Americas Got Grants
 
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deckPitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deckHajeJanKamps
 
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.Anamaria Contreras
 
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdfWSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdfJamesConcepcion7
 
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...Hector Del Castillo, CPM, CPMM
 
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdfShaun Heinrichs
 
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptxGo for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptxRakhi Bazaar
 
Supercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebs
Supercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebsSupercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebs
Supercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebsGOKUL JS
 
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdfWSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdfJamesConcepcion7
 
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfAPRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfRbc Rbcua
 
The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...
The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...
The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...Operational Excellence Consulting
 
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic ExperiencesUnveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic ExperiencesDoe Paoro
 
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan DynamicsWelding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan DynamicsIndiaMART InterMESH Limited
 
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersEUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersPeter Horsten
 
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdfShaun Heinrichs
 
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare NewsletterHealthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare NewsletterJamesConcepcion7
 
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSendBig4
 
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03DallasHaselhorst
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
 
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management TeamTechnical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
 
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
Church Building Grants To Assist With New Construction, Additions, And Restor...
 
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deckPitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Xpanceo's $40M Seed deck
 
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
 
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdfWSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
 
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
 
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
 
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptxGo for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
 
Supercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebs
Supercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebsSupercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebs
Supercharge Your eCommerce Stores-acowebs
 
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdfWSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
 
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfAPRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
 
The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...
The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...
The McKinsey 7S Framework: A Holistic Approach to Harmonizing All Parts of th...
 
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic ExperiencesUnveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
 
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan DynamicsWelding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
Welding Electrode Making Machine By Deccan Dynamics
 
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersEUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
 
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
 
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare NewsletterHealthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
 
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
Send Files | Sendbig.comSend Files | Sendbig.com
 
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
Cybersecurity Awareness Training Presentation v2024.03
 

The seed sector in Myanmar- Tin Maung Shwe and Tin Htut Oo

  • 1. POSITION PAPER ON THE SEED INDUSTRY Role of Seed in Transforming of Agriculture in Myanmar Tin Htut Oo and Tin Maung Shwe September, 2013 Siam reap, Cambodia
  • 2. Outline of the presentation  Rationale  Background and Evolution of Seed Industry  Role of Improved Seed in Agriculture  Law , Regulation and Institutional Bodies  Seed Industry engaged by private seed enterprises  Value chain of seed industry in Myanmar  Challenges in Development of Seed Sector • Future Pathways with Recommendations
  • 3. Introduction 27.55 8.42 0.39 0.16 0.74 19.52 1.03 4.54 17.80 19.84 Agriculture Livstock&Fishery Forestry Energy Mines Industry Electricity Construction Services Trade Sector Share in GDP (Kyat in Million) Share in GDP (%) Agriculture 11,159.50 27.55 Livestock &Fishery 3,411.10 8.42 Forestry 158.40 0.39 Energy 65.80 0.16 Mines 301.20 0.74 Industry 7,905.20 19.52 Electricity 418.50 1.03 Construction 1,839.30 4.54 Services 7,211.00 17.80 Trade 8,037.80 19.84 Total 40,507.80 100.00
  • 4. Rationale  Diverse agro-ecological condition  Strategic position of geographical condition  Natural resource potential to become creditable global food supplier  Attaining these potential, Myanmar needs to enhance food crops productivity and competitiveness  Towards increased productivity and competitiveness, quality seed production and competitive seed industry are key elements 
  • 5. Background and Evolution of Seed Industry  Before 1966, Indigenous paddy varieties were selected and multiplied at seed farms and distributed seeds to farmers through state extension agents (over 1 million metric ton of certified seed distributed in 1962-63)  Selection method used in oilseeds cotton, pulses and sugarcane varieties and yield trials of some imported improved varieties  Before 1977, most farmers grew mostly indigenous crop varieties, locally available through exchange among them.  Stagnant rice production with increasing population resulted decrease in rice surplus.  Whole Township Paddy Production Program launched in 1977-78 at selected 82 townships located in Ayeyarwaddy, Bago, Yangon Mandalay and Sagaing Regions, covering 2.5 million ha of paddy  launching summer paddy program in1992-1993 (HYV paddy seeds were multiplied in state seed farms and distributed to farmers)  Collaboration with international research institutions in varietal improvement research, exchange of germplasm, establishment of seed bank in 1987  Outcome of improved varieties: Hybrid corn, hybrid sunflower, Mutant paddy , GM cotton  Formal seed flow and informal seed flow  Public sector to Public-Private Partnership and Private-Private Partnership in seed production , distribution and marketing
  • 6. Role of Improved Seed in Agriculture 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Percent Area covered by HYV (%)
  • 7. Introduction of Summer Paddy and Paddy Production 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 Production(milMT) RiceSownArea(milha) Year Summer paddy Prod (mil MT)
  • 8. Sown Area and Yield of Cotton (GM seed in 2007-08) 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 MT/Ha Thousadhectare Sown area Yield
  • 9. Law and Regulation for seed sector development No Title of Law or Regulation Scope of Law or Regulation Responsible Agency Status 1. Plant Pest Quarantine Law To prevent quarantine pest entering into Myanmar DoA, MOAI Enacted in1993 2. The Seed Law To produce crop with quality seed and to carry out seed business systematically DoA, MOAI Enacted in 2011 3. Farm Land Law Liberalization land use right to be mortgaged, sold, rent, transferred and inherited SLRD, MOAI Enacted in 2012 5. Law on Bio safety To manage safety of seeds and plant parts MOAI Drafted 6. Plant Varietal Protection Law To protect breeder’s right DAR, MOAI Drafted
  • 10. Value Chain of Seed Industry in Myanmar FARMERSCONTACT FARMERS PRIVATE COMPANIES DAR DOA Breeder Seed Foundation Seed Register Seed Certified Seed Imported Hybrid Seeds Value Chain Seed Production Seed Distribution
  • 11. Seed Industry engaged by private seed enterprises  Ten Rice Specialized Companies produced 2000 MT of certified paddy seeds in 2012 through contract farming arrangement between Co. and farmers  Some local & foreign seed companies. are producing hybrid seed of paddy, corn and vegetables by support of MOAI   C P Company Hybrid Corn  Known You Seed Company Melons, Cucumber  Malar Myaing Vegetables Seeds  Small Private Individuals Vegetables Seeds  Myat Min Rice  East-West Seed Company Vegetable seeds (bitter gourd, cucumber, chili,  tomato)  Geniune Seeds company Vegetable seeds  (Thailand)
  • 12. Perspective from Demand and Supply Sides for low use of Certified Seed Low Use of Certified Seed Awareness and Knowledge Price and Affordability Access to Market Quality Assurance Clear Benefits from Use DEMAND Under funded Research Under funded Extension Infrastructure production, pr ocessing, stor age Capacity growers, te chnicians, r esearchers Incentives for growers and companies SUPPLY
  • 13. Challenges in Development of Seed Industry  Production and distribution of certified seed in official (formal) system is not functioning well lack of systematic distribution system  Inadequate and unskilled staff in technical support, management and monitoring  Awareness of farmers on quality seed is low and lack of established seed market to sell their products  Limited quantity of quality seed supplied by state seed farms to farmers’ need and inadequate extension staff  Insufficient seed processing and seed testing facilities  There are difficulties in seed import and export due to lack of SPS and quarantine agreement functioning yet even it allows 2 years grace period  PVP for breeder right is still under drafting
  • 14. Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats in Development of Seed Industry
  • 15. Future Parth way with Recommendations 15  Consistency of FDI with Seed law and Land law  Incentives to seed growers and seed company  tax incentives but time bound with exit strategy  Incentive to seed growers  Arrange local seed reserves (through proper storage facilities)  Protection of breeders’ right (PVP to be expedited for approval)  Affordable but market driven prices for quality seeds  Lessons learned from ASEAN neighbors  Awareness program to be expanded to reach farmers and private business  Revitalize development of cooperatives or seed business associations  Rural financing mechanisms (link with storage and pricing during peak and slack seasons)
  • 16. POLICY INVESTMENT INSTITUTIONS Short Term (1-2 years) a. Seed Policy b. Rice Policy c. Trade Policy a. Seed farm infrastructure b. Processing a. Membership of UPOV Medium Term (1-5 years) a. Laboratories a. Seed associations b. Quality assurance Long Term (1-10 years) a. Extension b. Research a. Coordination mechanisms b. Market information

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. The urgent tasks are those related to formulation of policy and allocation of resources for implementation of plans. Specific investments will be carried out over the first 5 years of the plan whereas institutional development will occur up to the long term.