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Indian Road Network is Administered
by various Government authorities
Map Of India Road Network
Classification Of Roads
National Highways In India(NH)
Expressways In India
State Highways In India (SH)
Rural And Urban Roads
Major District Roads
India has the second largest road network in the world.
3.314 million kms of roadways spread across the length and
breadth of the country.
The roads are primarily made of bitumen, with some
Indian National Highways having concrete roads.
The concept of expressway roads is also catching up in
India, and the Mumbai-Pune expressway and Delhi
Gurgaon expressway are the finest examples.
The first evidence of road development in the Indian
subcontinent can be traced back to approximately 4000 BC
from the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro of
the Indus Valley Civilization
Major district roads
Rural and other roads
Road classification Authority responsible Total kilometres (as of 2013)
Ministry of Road Transport &
Highways (Central government)
State governments (state's public
Major and other district roads
Local governments, panchayats
Local governments, panchayats
Type Length (km)
National Highways/Expressways 66,754
State Highways 1,28,000
Major district roads 4,70,000
Rural & other roads 26,50,000
Total (approx) 33,14,754
The National Highways are the principal highways moving
across the length and breadth of the nation, joining
important harbours, big commercial and tourism hubs,
state capitals, and so on.
National Highways in the country are represented as NH
and then the highway number comes after it.
The national highway network in India is supervised by the
Ministry of State for Surface Transport.
The public works departments of various states
look after the state roads and state highways.
The state and union governments have common
responsibilities for constructing thoroughfares and
sustaining the roadways in the country.
Lanes Length (km) Percentage
Single Lane /
Double lane 39,079 59%
Total 66,754 100%
In 2009, in India, access-regulated expressways comprised
around 120 miles or 200 km of the National Highway System of
By 2011, these added to more than 600 km. These roads allow
high speeding vehicles and can be categorized into four-lane and
It has been anticipated that by 2014 around 3,530 km of
expressways will be put into operation from the projects that are
currently going on.
The Indian government has outlined a motivated goal to
construct a new 18,637 km expressway transportation system by
Mumbai-Pune Expressway Maharashtra
Ahmadabad -Vadodara Expressway Gujarat
Allahabad Bypass Uttar Pradesh
Jaipur-Kishangarh Expressway Rajasthan
Chennai Bypass Tamil Nadu
Durgapur Expressway Delhi
Noida-Greater Noida Expressway Delhi/Uttar Pradesh
Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway Delhi/Haryana
Hyderabad Elevated Expressways Andhra Pradesh
Delhi Noida Direct Flyway Delhi/Uttar Pradesh
Kona Expressway West Bengal
Hosur Road Elevated Expressway Karnataka
Outer Ring Road (Hyderabad) Andhra Pradesh
Ambala Chandigarh Expressway Haryana
Raipur-Bhilai-Durg Expressway Chhattisgarh
Eastern Freeway Mumbai Maharashtra
Western Freeway Mumbai Maharashtra
Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway(KMP) Haryana
Mumbai Nashik Expressway Maharashtra
Pathankot Ajmer Expressway Punjab/Rajasthan
Delhi Eastern Peripheral Expressway Uttar Pradesh/Haryana
Yamuna Expressway Delhi/Uttar Pradesh
Ganga Expressway Uttar Pradesh
Upper Ganga Canal Expressway Uttar Pradesh
Bamroli Althan Expressway Gujarat
Hungund Hospet Expressway Karnataka
Chennai Port Maduravoyal Expressway Tamil Nadu
Suratkal-B.C Road Expressway Karnataka
Hyderabad ORR Andhra Pradesh
Raipur-Bilaspur Expressway Chhattisgarh
The state highways are used to join with the National Highways,
major towns, district headquarters, tourism hubs and small
harbours and facilitate the movement of vehicles in important
places of the state.
These roads are essentially arterial roads and they facilitate
accessibility to major metropolitan areas and townships in the
In association with the State Highways of the bordering states
and National Highways. The overall span of the state highways is
around 137,712 km.
The rural roads in India forms a substantial portion of the
Indian road network.
These roads are in poor shape, affecting the rural
population's quality of life and Indian farmer's ability to
transfer produce to market post-harvest.
Over 30 percent of Indian farmer's harvest spoils post-harvest
because of the poor infrastructure. Many rural
roads are of poor quality.
as of May 2013
under construction in 2013
Total rural roads 3.1 million 0.1 million
Unpaved rural roads 1.9 million
Paved, maintained rural roads 728,871 53,634
New rural roads 322,900 82,743
These are important roads within a district connecting areas of
production with markets and connecting these with each other
or with the State Highways & National Highways.
It also connects Taluk headquarters and rural areas to District
headquarters within the state.
District roads which would take traffic from the main roads to
the interior of the district.
According to the importance, some are considered as major
district roads and the remaining as other district roads.
Road network provides the network to facilitate trade,
transport, social integration and economic development.
It facilitates specialization, extension of markets and
exploitation of economies of scale.
It is used for the smooth conveyance of both people and
Transportation by road has the advantage over other means
of transport because of its easy accessibility, flexibility of
operations, door-to-door service and reliability.
Consequently, passenger and freight movement in India
over the years have increasingly shifted towards roads vis-à-vis
other means of transport
The average road speed in India has increased to 30–40 kilo
meters per hour