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VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES

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VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES

  1. 1. LESSON PLANNING • TOPIC: ANIMALS, VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES • LEVEL: 3RD COURSE PRIMARY EDUCATION • TIME: 10 SESSIONS • DESCRIPTION OF LESSONS: - Animals - Vertebrates - Invertebrates
  2. 2. READING ACTIVITY
  3. 3. 2.Tadpole 3. They grow 1. Frog’s eggs legs 4. And finally!! The frog
  4. 4. Spinal column Skeleton
  5. 5. Fish live in water and breather through gills. Their skin is covered in scales and they have fins to swim.
  6. 6. 2.- AMPHIBIANS Amphibians can live in water and on land. Their babies live in the water and breathe through gills. The adults breathe through lungs and through their skin. Newt Frog
  7. 7. 3.- REPTILES A lot of reptiles live on land and some in water. They breath through lungs. Their skin is covered in scales and some have a shell. Snake Tortoise shell scales
  8. 8. 4.- BIRDS Birds live on land and in the air. They breath through lungs. They have feathers and wings. eagle feathers wings hummingbird
  9. 9. 5.- MAMMALS A lot live on land, some in water. They breathe through lungs. Their body is covered in skin and fur. Their babies feed on their mother’s milk. bears seals fur
  10. 10. (1) (3) (2)
  11. 11. c) How they reproduce: Most vertebrates are oviparous: their babies are born from eggs laid by the mother (fish, amphibians, reptiles and birds) turtles birds Some vertebrates, the mammals, are viviparous: their babies are born alive from their mother’s womb horses Human beings
  12. 12. Invertebrates are animals that do not have a spinal column or a skeleton made of bones. Some invertebrates are: jellyfish, worms, molluscs and arthropods jellyfish jellyfish snail worms arthropods molluscs earthworm
  13. 13. Most of the animals on The Earth are invertebrates, many of them live in the sea and are very small • They have a soft body because they do not have skeletons. • Many have a shell or exoskeleton to protect their soft bodies shell Soft body exoskeleton
  14. 14. a) What they eat: They are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores. b) How they breathe: Some breathe through their skin, others through gills, and others through lungs. c) How they reproduce: All invertebrates are oviparous. Their offspring are called larva. When they grow, some of them change shape.
  15. 15. 1.- What is a vertebrate? What type of vertebrate is a dog? ___________________________________________________ 2.- What are the five groups of vertebrates? ___________________________________________________ 3.- In what way can we classify vertebrates? ___________________________________________________ 4.- What is an invertebrate? ___________________________________________________ 5.- How do many invertebrates protect their soft bodies? ___________________________________________________ 6.- How do invertebrates reproduce? ___________________________________________________ 7.- In what way can we classify invertebrates? ___________________________________________________
  16. 16. FISH AMPHIBIANS REPTILES BIRDS MAMMALS
  17. 17. Write two characteristics of the following animals ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
  18. 18. Answer these questions This is an elephant, a mammal: How does it breathe? What does it eat? How does it reproduce?

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