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WHAT ISTHE MUSICINDUSTRY?MUSIC INDUSTRY DEFINITION – A BUSINESS MAINLYSPLIT INTO FOUR PARTS INCLUDING:RECORDING OFTHE MUSIC, SONG WRITING, PUBLISHING, LIVE MUSICAND MANAGING THE ARTIST
RECORDINGThis is a map of the the recording process, In order for an artist to record they mustfirst find a record label on which to record on, following this they should choosewhether to cover a song, which they would have to find the rights to, or record anoriginal song the next action in this process is recording the singers and artists, afterthis a backtrack maybe added, the product will then we put onto a CD and duplicatedfor further distribution
SONG WRITING AND PUBLISHING When an individual writes a song there are certain terms and conditions that apply when publishing this song into the music industry. The song is split up is into two halves; the writer’s share and then the Publisher’s share. So, for 100% of all publishing revenues that a particular song generates, it will be 50% for the songwriter and 50% for the publisher. Song writing and publishing agreements
LIVE MUSICDue to the up rise in illegal downloading of songs and albums the mainsource of income for artists these days is from doing gigs, concerts andfestival i.e. live music The main process in live music is this:promoter gets the performing artist and a venue owner together so that they can arrange acontract. A booking agency represents the artist to the promoters, It is the booking agencys job tomake deals and book the artist in for performances. Consumers usually buy tickets either from thevenue or from a ticket distribution service such as Ticketmaster.Record companies may provide tour support and they may finance a tour in the hopes that it willhelp promote the sale of recordings. However, in the 21st century, it has become more common torelease recordings to promote tours, rather than book tours to promote records.Successful artists will usually employ a road crew: a semi-permanent touring organization thattravels with the artist. This is headed by a tour manager and provides stage lighting, live soundreinforcement, musical instrument tuning and maintenance and transportation. On large tours, theroad crew may also include an accountant, stage manager and catering. Local crews are typicallyhired to help move equipment on and off stage. On small tours, all of these jobs may be handledby just a few roadies, or by the musicians themselves.
ARTIST MANAGEMENTIn order to become successful an artist may hire variouspeople to help them on the way such as:• Artist manager – also known as the talent manager oversees all situations that may crop up in an artists career in exchange for a percentage of the artists income.• Entertainment lawyer – focuses on legal services of the music industry including contracts with record companies and various other deals• Business manager – It’s their job to sort out all finance and book keeping
WHAT IS A RECORD LABEL?A record label is a brand or trademark which takes care of themarketing and recording of an artistssongs and music videos, it alsocovers the production,manufacturing, promoting,marketing and distribution.
DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS IN A RECORD LABEL• A&R (Artists and Repertoire) – Discover new talent, choose what songs should be on the album and choose where the album should be recorded• Artist Development - promotes and publicizes the artists over the course of their career• Promotion Department – main purpose is to make sure that the artists songs get played on the radio• Publicity – This departments job is to get word out about a new artist• Sales – This group oversees all retail in the record business• Admin – controls finance and legal contracts
MAJOR LABELS VS.INDEPENDENT LABELS• Warner Brothers Records• BMG• EMI• Domino• Rough Trade Records• Apple Records
WHAT IS PRS AND PPL?PRS (Performing rights society) is a UKcopyright collection society undertakingcollective rights management in the musicindustryPPL (phonographic performance Ltd) isusing recorded music on behalf of therecord companies and performers rights i.e.on television ads, radio and CD’s
WHO IS IN A RECORDING STUDIO?• Technicians• Sound engineer/mixer• Record producer e.g. Timbaland, Mark Ronson, Dr Dre• The artist
WHAT DOES A MUSIC PUBLISHERDO? HOW DOES THE PUBLISHINGSYSTEM WORK?music publishers sort out administeringcopyrights, licensing songs to recordcompanies and others, and collectingroyalties on behalf of the songwriter.Basically the way the publishing systemworks is like this: the song is written, acontract is sorted with the publisher, thesong is used and the royalties arecollected.