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LAC Group - Metadata for mere mortals (Choosing standards)

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Metadata for mere mortals - Part 2: Choosing standards
Presented by Erin Antognoli, Metadata Librarian

Welcome to part 2 of our Metadata for mere mortals series, which serves as a basic introduction to the principles and function of metadata for content and digital asset managers who lack formal training in this area.

There are a lot of metadata standards out there, and in this video, we will examine:

- What questions to ask to ensure you will meet the needs of your community/user group.
- General subject or subject specific metadata standards like Dublin Core and ISO 19115, respectively.
- The pros and cons of such metadata standards.


Check out Part 1 of this webinar series: https://lac.gp/MetadataIntro

Download our free metadata report, Making sense of metadata: https://lac.gp/MetadataReport

Contact us: https://lac-group.com/contact-us/

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LAC Group - Metadata for mere mortals (Choosing standards)

  1. 1. Metadata for mere mortals Part 2: Choosing standards Erin Antognoli, Metadata Librarian
  2. 2. Recap from last module Introduction & data life cycle Metadata matters for clarity and increased efficiency Different types of metadata serve distinct functions ● Descriptive ● Administrative • Technical • Preservation
  3. 3. FAIR principles
  4. 4. Metadata standard considerations Who will be responsible for creating metadata? Who will be searching your collection and why? Will you need to integrate other collections? FAIR Principles ✓ Findable ✓ Accessible ✓ Interoperable ✓ Reusable
  5. 5. Metadata reflects the user community Each community has different information needs Their work produces different types of elements Different standards are available for different needs
  6. 6. Questions to ask when selecting metadata standards ● What kinds of material are you working with? ● Who is the audience and how will they use the content? ● How granular and rich does the metadata need to be?
  7. 7. Questions to ask when selecting metadata standards ● Is there a community of practice for the resource type? ● Are there integration and interoperability requirements? ● What tools or technologies are planned or available?
  8. 8. Community standards dictate metadata General Subject Standards Subject-Specific Standards
  9. 9. Community standards dictate metadata General Subject Standards ● Dublin Core (very flexible) ● MARC (machine-readable catalog) ● METS (descriptive, admin, structural) ● MODS (bibliographic description) ● PREMIS (digital preservation) ● EAD (archives – finding aids) ● DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
  10. 10. Community standards dictate metadata Subject-Specific Standards ● Darwin Core (science data) ● ISO 19115 (geospatial) ● FGDC (geospatial) ● EML (ecology) ● EXIF (images) ● VRA (visual resources) ● CDWA (works of art)
  11. 11. Dublin Core Contributor Coverage Creator Date Description Format Identifier Language Publisher Relation Rights Source Subject Title Type
  12. 12. Benefits & drawbacks of Dublin Core Pros Commonly used • Originally used for web pages • Now used for many materials Designed for simplicity • Easily understood / implemented • Just 15 elements (since expanded with numerous variants)
  13. 13. Benefits & drawbacks of Dublin Core Cons Can be TOO general Can lead to inconsistency Flexibility can be a downfall • No cataloging rules • Potential problems with access and retrieval and duplicate records
  14. 14. Benefits & drawbacks of ISO 19115-2 Pros Very specific subject focus Ability to record very granular information Elements interrelate Support for hierarchies International standard
  15. 15. Benefits & drawbacks of ISO 19115-2 Cons With over 400 elements, can be overwhelming More complex to implement and use Validation requirements can lead to inaccurate information
  16. 16. ISO 19115-2
  17. 17. XML record for ISO 19115
  18. 18. Form-based metadata creation
  19. 19. Form-based metadata creation
  20. 20. Metadata planning and strategy
  21. 21. Summary Metadata should reflect the user community Standard selection involves series of questions General and subject-specific standards available Comparison of Dublin (general) and 19115-2 (specific)
  22. 22. Thank you Presented by Erin Antognoli, Metadata Librarian For more information, contact us.

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