3. Key Pre-Production People
A film’s overall look may exist in the director’s
imagination, but the screenwriter and the
production designer are the people who
actually create the fictional world of the
During pre-production the director and
cinematographer plan how to photograph
The director may create storyboards to
communicate his ideas to the
The director will work with the production
designer to create the sets, props, and
6. Production Designer
Turns words and the director’s ideas into real-life
sets, props, and costumes.
Research is often the first step.
Produces sketches and miniature models of sets,
props, and costumes.
Once the director approves designs, construction
The production designer is part historian, artist,
The set is the place or site of each
A set may be the interior of a building,
such as an office, a courtroom, a train
station, or even a train car.
Or the set may be exterior locations,
such as porches.
Sets are constructed.
Scenery refers to landscapes and
This includes mountains, beaches,
fields, public parks, etc.
Scenery can be constructed, such as
the backdrop seen through a window.
Prop is short for property. A prop is a
moveable object that is part of a set.
Examples include wall hangings,
tableware, computers, street signs, and