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DIRECTED RESEARCH Ray Mancini | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein | Tuesday, 6 pmTuesday, July 12, 2011
“Limitations force us to be creative and explore different techniques” - Theo Watson, Interactive ArtistTuesday, July 12, 2011
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM? Most modern speech therapies have flaws, and no single technique works for everyone. Does being a designer, or thinking as a designer would, offer the foundation for a new method of therapy?Tuesday, July 12, 2011
HYPOTHESIS This thesis presents the hypothesis that design methodology may offer a partial solution to overarching flaws in modern day speech therapies. In contrast to current stuttering techniques, which often set unrealistic expectations of perfection or focus on only one area for improvement, design thinking examines a problem from all sides and welcomes the imperfections and mistakes that regularly lead to a stronger solution. Therapies often subscribe to a one-size-fits-all approach, or ignore the necessary self-motivation and understanding that will allow stutterers to truly change their behaviors, while designers realize that every project requires a unique approach that moves beyond pre-conceived limitations. Such research and comparison of design’s visual communication process could bring interdisciplinary insight into understanding and circumventing the limited verbal communication of stutterers.Tuesday, July 12, 2011
Flaw/Design Comparisons FLAW Expectation of perfection. DESIGN Mistakes are aesthetically desirable. FLAW Narrow treatment focus. DESIGN Look at all aspects of a problem (context, history, environment) to achieve a successful solution. FLAW No streamlining/filtering of spoken content. DESIGN Simplify a larger message to the core essence. FLAW Many “one-size-fits-all” approaches DESIGN Every problem needs a unique approach. FLAW Limitations will never allow “normal” communication DESIGN Limitations force us to be creative and explore different techniques to communicate.Tuesday, July 12, 2011
ADRIAN HILL ARTIST, ART THERAPIST, EDUCATOR (1895-1977) British Artist who discovered the therapeutic benefits of drawing and painting while recovering from tuberculosis Coined the term ‘art therapy’ Said the value of art therapy lay in ‘completely engrossing the mind (as well as the fingers) Suggested artistic work to his fellow inpatients, who were documented in 1945 in a book, under the title, Art Versus IllnessTuesday, July 12, 2011
CHARLES VAN RIPER STUTTERER, SPEECH PATHOLOGIST (1905 - 1994) Pioneer in the development of speech pathology. Developed “Stuttering Modification therapy”, which focused on reducing the fears and anxieties of stutterers. Stutterers should become aware of everything they do...from anticipation of stuttering, to struggling during a block, and to the utterance of the word. “Stuttering is everything we do trying not to stutter”.Tuesday, July 12, 2011
MALCOLM FRASER PHILANTHROPIST, BUSINESSMAN, STUTTERER (1903 - 1994) Founded the Stuttering Foundation of America Gave $10 million dollars over his lifetime towards stuttering research. Authored “Self-Therapy for the Stutterer”, providing guidance for stutterers to help themselves without conventional therapy. Outlined a series of objectives and challenges that would serve as a map for adult stutterers.Tuesday, July 12, 2011
OUTLINE My Story Hypothesis Speech Disfluency • Overview • Types of Available Therapies • Therapy Shortcomings / Flaws Design Methodology • Overview • Evolution of design methodologies through history • A number of design methodologiesTuesday, July 12, 2011
VALORIZED DESIGNER “The valorized designer should see design for its major potential contribution to making the quality of life richer and more sustainable.” By using design methodologies to find solutions to flaws in speech therapy, my thesis has the potential to alter in the lives of many stutterers, including myself. The final output may be a new and unique addition to the fields of design AND speech therapy.Tuesday, July 12, 2011
VALORIZED DESIGNER “It is important that (designers) see how the ideas they are studying are changing: where the ideas have come from, how they have changed, and how they may develop.” By studying historical and contemporary design methodologies, as well as speech therapies, I can arrive at a well-informed solution for my thesis. While I have initial ideas of how to proceed, new avenues and directions may become apparent to me only after intensive research.Tuesday, July 12, 2011
VALORIZED DESIGNER “The valorized designer will be to evaluate design as an integral and integrated part of a particular society.” By presenting design methodologies as answers to speech therapy flaws, my thesis will show how design itself can aid a very large group of people afflicted with a severe limitation. This places design in direct relation to a stuttering community that may not yet be aware of design’s potential to add significantly to their conversation. If my explorations can provide solutions, it will further reinforce design’s great value to society.Tuesday, July 12, 2011