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DIRECTED RESEARCH Ray Mancini | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein | Tuesday, 6 pmTuesday, June 28, 2011
“Limitations force us to be creative and explore different techniques” - Theo Watson, Interactive ArtistTuesday, June 28, 2011
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM? Most modern speech therapies have flaws, and no single technique works for everyone. Does being a designer, or thinking as a designer would, offer the foundation for a new method of therapy?Tuesday, June 28, 2011
HYPOTHESIS This thesis presents the hypothesis that design methodology may offer a partial solution to overarching flaws in modern day speech therapies. In contrast to current stuttering techniques, which often set unrealistic expectations of perfection or focus on only one area for improvement, design methodology examines a problem from all sides and welcomes the imperfections and mistakes that regularly lead to a stronger solution. Therapies often subscribe to a one-size-fits-all approach, or ignore the necessary self-motivation and understanding that will allow stutterers to truly change their behaviors, while designers realize that every project requires a unique approach that moves beyond pre- conceived limitations. Such a hypothesis could create a completely new method for stutterers, one that they could utilize to better prepare for and succeed in the challenges they face.Tuesday, June 28, 2011
GENERAL EXAMPLES FLAW Expectation of perfection. DESIGN Mistakes are aesthetically desirable. FLAW Narrow treatment focus. DESIGN Look at all aspects of a problem (context, history, environment) to achieve a successful solution. FLAW Lasting changes are not achieve due to lack of self- motivation and understanding. DESIGN Encourages one to creatively experimentation in order to reframe original ideas and goals FLAW Many “one-size-fits-all” approaches DESIGN Every problem needs a unique approach. FLAW Limitations will never allow “normal” communication DESIGN Limitations force us to be creative and explore different techniques to communicate.Tuesday, June 28, 2011
ADRIAN HILL ARTIST, ART THERAPIST, EDUCATOR (1895-1977) British Artist who discovered the therapeutic benefits of drawing and painting while recovering from tuberculosis Coined the term ‘art therapy’ Said the value of art therapy lay in ‘completely engrossing the mind (as well as the fingers) Suggested artistic work to his fellow inpatients, who were documented in 1945 in a book, under the title, Art Versus IllnessTuesday, June 28, 2011
CHARLES VAN RIPER STUTTERER, SPEECH PATHOLOGIST (1905 - 1994) Pioneer in the development of speech pathology. Developed “Stuttering Modification therapy”, which focused on reducing the fears and anxieties of stutterers. Stutterers should become aware of everything they do...from anticipation of stuttering, to struggling during a block, and to the utterance of the word. “Stuttering is everything we do trying not to stutter”.Tuesday, June 28, 2011
MALCOLM FRASER PHILANTHROPIST, BUSINESSMAN, STUTTERER (1903 - 1994) Founded the Stuttering Foundation of America Gave $10 million dollars over his lifetime towards stuttering research. Authored “Self-Therapy for the Stutterer”, providing guidance for stutterers to help themselves without conventional therapy. Outlined a series of objectives and challenges that would serve as a map for adult stutterers.Tuesday, June 28, 2011
OUTLINE My Story Hypothesis Speech Disfluency • Overview • Types of Available Therapies • Therapy Shortcomings / Flaws Design Methodology • Overview • Applicable methodologies • Therapy Shortcomings • Overview New Design-based Method for stutterers • Proposed Method • How this Method solves flaws / advantages • Method’s Place in the greater sphere of speech therapyTuesday, June 28, 2011