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Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Citizenship
How do leaders in universities
think about and experience
citizenship?
2
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
INTRODUCTION
This article explores the concept of citizenship based on the experience...
3
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Theories of Citizenship
Background and Context
Qualitative Study Design
OVERVIEW
Resu...
4
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Who are we?
We actually don’t look like this …
Janet Miller
Chair & Associate
Profess...
5
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
1. BACKGROUND CONTEXT+
6
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
OUR
AIM
Explore the concept of “citizenship” in the university
context, add to the di...
7
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
8
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
9
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
10
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
2. THEORIES CITIZENSHIPof
11
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
WHAT IS CITIZENSHIP?
Classic formulation is that citizenship refers to society’s
sha...
12
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Citizenship expectations
Following Dalton [2008]
Public Participation
Knowledge Abou...
13
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
14
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
IN CONTRAST
Others have argued that citizenship is not in decline but rather is chan...
15
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Collective
Global
Individual
Hyper-Local
Thurston, 2013
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Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
3. STUDY DESIGN
17
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
It is the experience of citizenship, the
development of citizens, the measure
of cit...
18
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Methodology
the theory and practice of
interpretation
Hermeneutics
seek to understan...
19
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
SAMPLE
QUESTIONS
What does citizenship mean to you?
Share some experiences you've ha...
20
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
MORE
QUESTIONS
What role does university play in creating
"great citizens"?
How migh...
21
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
22
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
4. RESULTS
23
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
COLLECTIVE
GOVERNANCE
IT’S A RELATIONSHIP
WITHIN A COMMUNITY
VOLUNTEERISM
RESPONSIBI...
24
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
CHALLENGES
GOVERNANCE
FOSTERS
CRITICAL THINKING
DEMONSTRATES
CARING AND ROLE MODELS
...
25
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
ENCOURAGES
INVOLVEMENT
FOSTERS
CRITICAL THINKING
ROLE
MODELING
HELP
OTHERS
26
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
TIME IS GREATER THAN
MONEY
GENUINE
VOLUNTEERISM
IT IS
PERSONAL
OVER AND ABOVE
DUTY
27
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Involvement
Record
Measure
MEASURE
CAN WE
• Co-curricular record?
• Pre-post measure...
28
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
29
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
Engaged
Global
Duty
Hyper-Local Thurston, 2013
Dalton, 2008
admin
students
30
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
5. IMPLICATIONS
31
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
PERSPECTIVECITIZENSHIP
Students
AdminStudents
32
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
6. NEXT STEPS
33
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
FUTUREPLANS
Students
AdminStudents
Faculty
34
Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
YOUTHANK
Famira Racy
famiraracy@gmail.com
Janet Miller
jbmiller@mtroyal.ca
Randy Con...
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Citizenship: How do leaders in universities think about and experience citizenship?

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This presentation explores the concept of citizenship based on the experience of student leaders from a mid-sized university in western Canada. Five student leaders participated in semi-structured individual interviews to explore their experience with, and understanding of, citizenship. Interviews concentrated on personal view points and definitions of citizenship, explored whether or not there are “good” and “great” citizens, and the role universities play in fostering strong citizenship amongst its student body. The measurement of citizenship and opportunities to foster citizenship were also explored. Qualitative content analysis revealed five themes, including political participation, social citizenship/solidarity, engagement, transformative action and autonomy. Citizenship, while highly valued by this population, also appears to be impossible to measure. If post-secondary institutions are aiming to create better citizens, more work needs to be done to create a common understanding of the intended outcome. Based on these findings, a new potential model of citizenship is proposed, in line with the work of Dalton and others who emphasize a shift towards personal involvement over traditional political engagement. Further, these results suggest that students could benefit from understanding themselves as political agents, capable of inculcating change within the university context and beyond.

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Citizenship: How do leaders in universities think about and experience citizenship?

  1. 1. 1 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Citizenship How do leaders in universities think about and experience citizenship?
  2. 2. 2 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTION This article explores the concept of citizenship based on the experience of student leaders from a mid-sized university in western Canada.
  3. 3. 3 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Theories of Citizenship Background and Context Qualitative Study Design OVERVIEW Results Implications Next Steps
  4. 4. 4 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Who are we? We actually don’t look like this … Janet Miller Chair & Associate Professor, Dept. Student Counselling, Mount Royal University Randy Connolly Professor Dept. Math and Computing, Mount Royal University Famira Racy Research Assistant & Recent Graduate of Mount Royal University
  5. 5. 5 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY 1. BACKGROUND CONTEXT+
  6. 6. 6 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY OUR AIM Explore the concept of “citizenship” in the university context, add to the dialogue about higher education and its role for creating or fostering citizenship, and stimulate conversation about active citizenship amongst our student body.
  7. 7. 7 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
  8. 8. 8 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
  9. 9. 9 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
  10. 10. 10 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY 2. THEORIES CITIZENSHIPof
  11. 11. 11 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY WHAT IS CITIZENSHIP? Classic formulation is that citizenship refers to society’s shared set of expectations about an individual’s role in politics.
  12. 12. 12 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Citizenship expectations Following Dalton [2008] Public Participation Knowledge About Government Commitment to Order Moral Respect
  13. 13. 13 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
  14. 14. 14 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY IN CONTRAST Others have argued that citizenship is not in decline but rather is changing its form. For instance, Dalton [2008] argues that there are two types of citizenship: the first is duty-based (and corresponds to traditional forms of political participation), while the second is engagement-based, and involves more generalized activities in civil society, such as signing petitions, visiting political web sites, or boycotting goods or services for political reasons.
  15. 15. 15 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Collective Global Individual Hyper-Local Thurston, 2013
  16. 16. 16 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY 3. STUDY DESIGN
  17. 17. 17 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY It is the experience of citizenship, the development of citizens, the measure of citizenship and the meaning of being “good” or “great” citizen that is of interest in this study.
  18. 18. 18 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Methodology the theory and practice of interpretation Hermeneutics seek to understand how the participants interpret the world; emphasis on understanding their social reality. Interpretive Inquiry semi-structured telling of stories and experiences Individual Interviews
  19. 19. 19 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY SAMPLE QUESTIONS What does citizenship mean to you? Share some experiences you've had that reflect citizenship. What's the difference between a "good" and a "great citizen"? How might students/faculty/admin show "great" citizenship?
  20. 20. 20 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY MORE QUESTIONS What role does university play in creating "great citizens"? How might the citizenship of our student alumni be measured? What could MRU do to create "better citizens"?
  21. 21. 21 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
  22. 22. 22 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY 4. RESULTS
  23. 23. 23 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY COLLECTIVE GOVERNANCE IT’S A RELATIONSHIP WITHIN A COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERISM RESPONSIBILITY
  24. 24. 24 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY CHALLENGES GOVERNANCE FOSTERS CRITICAL THINKING DEMONSTRATES CARING AND ROLE MODELS ENCOURAGES INVOLVEMENT
  25. 25. 25 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY ENCOURAGES INVOLVEMENT FOSTERS CRITICAL THINKING ROLE MODELING HELP OTHERS
  26. 26. 26 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY TIME IS GREATER THAN MONEY GENUINE VOLUNTEERISM IT IS PERSONAL OVER AND ABOVE DUTY
  27. 27. 27 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Involvement Record Measure MEASURE CAN WE • Co-curricular record? • Pre-post measurement? • Difference in amount? • Difference in kind? • Involvement in community? • Involvement on campus? POSSIBILITIES: CITIZENSHIP
  28. 28. 28 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY
  29. 29. 29 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY Engaged Global Duty Hyper-Local Thurston, 2013 Dalton, 2008 admin students
  30. 30. 30 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY 5. IMPLICATIONS
  31. 31. 31 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY PERSPECTIVECITIZENSHIP Students AdminStudents
  32. 32. 32 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY 6. NEXT STEPS
  33. 33. 33 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY FUTUREPLANS Students AdminStudents Faculty
  34. 34. 34 Citizenship MOUNT ROYAL UNIVERSITY YOUTHANK Famira Racy famiraracy@gmail.com Janet Miller jbmiller@mtroyal.ca Randy Connolly rconnolly@mtroyal.ca

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