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World religions 3 - islam - beyond the politically correct and the politically incorrect to the philosophically correct

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Beyond the politically
correct & the politically
incorrect to the
philosophically correct

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- 570 - Born,
- 595 - Married to Khadija,
- 610 - Quran revelation begins,
- 619 - Hijra to Taaif, death of uncle Abu
Tali...

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114 chapters (suras) comprised of
verses (ayas)
Surat al-Fattiha: first sura of the
Quran
Ya-sin: 36th sura recited at dea...

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World religions 3 - islam - beyond the politically correct and the politically incorrect to the philosophically correct

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World religions 3 - islam - beyond the politically correct and the politically incorrect to the philosophically correct

World religions 3 - islam - beyond the politically correct and the politically incorrect to the philosophically correct

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World religions 3 - islam - beyond the politically correct and the politically incorrect to the philosophically correct

  1. 1. 1 Beyond the politically correct & the politically incorrect to the philosophically correct
  2. 2. - 570 - Born, - 595 - Married to Khadija, - 610 - Quran revelation begins, - 619 - Hijra to Taaif, death of uncle Abu Talib & Khadija, - 622 - On to Medina with Abu Bakr, - 624 - won at Badr, - 625 - lost at Uhud, - 630 - regained Mecca, - 632 - Died
  3. 3. 114 chapters (suras) comprised of verses (ayas) Surat al-Fattiha: first sura of the Quran Ya-sin: 36th sura recited at death The longest chapter contains 286 verses, the shortest only three.
  4. 4. Description of life and sayings of Mohammed – source of much of Islamic law
  5. 5. Death of the prophet Muhammad: 632 First caliph: Abu Bakr (Mohajir): 632–634 Second caliph: Umar ibn al-Khattab: 634–644 Third caliph: Uthman ibn Affan: 644–656 Fourth caliph: Ali ibn Abi Talib (Ansar): 656– 661 Uthman’s followers assassinated Hussen Ibn ali, the prophet’s grandson (Ashura) Followers of Ali – Shias All others - Sunnis
  6. 6. Jihad Inner war Defensive war Aggressive war (?)
  7. 7. Taqqiya Deception as a religious virtue Eg Mohammed massacred Jews after assuring them of protection if they surrendered
  8. 8. Powers mix & mess up Vedic culture: Intellectual power & political power separated: brahmanas & kshatriyas Mohammed: both spiritual & martial leader
  9. 9. Wrong example emulated Islam: Individually – pious seeking of God Socially – ferocious grabbing for power
  10. 10. Wahhabi sect of Sunnis Terrorism – attacking unarmed, unalert civilians - Total opposite of kshatriya codes of warfare
  11. 11. Mohammed Destroyed idols on entering Mecca Idolatry deemed the greatest of sins, unforgiveable among all sins
  12. 12. Idols vs Deities Deity: Manifestation of God Idol: Representation of God Iconoclastic traditions: Representation becomes competition to God, thus becomes Shaitan
  13. 13. Politically Correct Post-modernity – focuses on social justice Eg. 200000 Australians apology march to aborigines across Sydney Harbor Bridge
  14. 14. Politically Incorrect Selective quoting from Quran Label all of Islam as bad, all Muslims as bad If one-fourth of the world population were terrorists, the world would be hellish
  15. 15. Driving assumptions for inter-faith appreciation Most people are like us They want to get along with life – have same human concerns They take to religion because it gives their life some sense of meaning and purpose
  16. 16. Driving assumptions for inter-faith appreciation Most people are like us They want to get along with life – have same human concerns They take to religion because it gives their life some sense of meaning and purpose
  17. 17. Philosophically correct People in three modes – need to be dealt with appropriately Shastra & Shastra – Brahmana & Kshatriya resp
  18. 18. ISIS Ultra-Literalist – Don’t take intellectual responsibility to separate tradition’s essence from its accretions Pat answers to tough questions No Islamic Renaissance
  19. 19. Balanced approach Combat the extremists – kid gloves won’t work Empower the moderates – reform has to come from within

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