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Fall of the Berlin Wall makes sense to me, in a way. Original image from : http://www.coutausse.com/#/%E2%80%A2photojournalism/the-fall-of-the-berlin-wall-1989/berlin14
From: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/1123 - http://davidwiley.org/ Definition is still open to debate and interpretation, but 4 R’s encapsulate openness in the context of educational resources well. And especially this statement : “This tolerance for different goals and explicit support for people in achieving them is something we should cherish and extend beyond our licenses into our community discourse and behavior. I” Although my cherishing vanishes in the case of MOOC’s.
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources/ Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use, whether you are an instructor, student or self-learner. Examples of OER include: full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games, simulations, and many more resources contained in digital media collections from around the world. http://www.oercommons.org/
http://p2pfoundation.net/Open_Educational_Resources or http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/247 In 1998 David Wiley coined the term “open content,” and while targeted at the educational community (and learning object creators specifically), the term quickly entered the vernacular of internet users. One role of open content in the history of OER is its popularization of the idea that the principles of the open source / free software movements can be productively applied to content, and the creation of the first widely adopted open license for content (the Open Publication License). In 2001 Larry Lessig and others founded the Creative Commons and released a flexible set of licenses that were both a vast improvement on the Open Publication Licenseâ€™s confusing license option structure and significantly stronger legal documents. One role of Creative Commons in the history of OER is the increase in credibility and confidence their legally superior, much easier to use licenses brought to the open content community. Also in 2001 MIT announced its OpenCourseWare initiative to publish nearly every university course for free public access for noncommercial use. MIT OpenCourseWare has played many roles in the history of OER, including being an example of commitment at an institutional level, working actively to encourage similar projects, and lending the MIT brand to the movement. Finally, in 2002 UNESCO held a Forum comprised of some of the many people who “wish[ed] to develop together a universal educational resource available for the whole of humanity.” They chose the term “open educational resource” to describe their efforts:
http://www.oercommons.org/ We provide educators with open source tools and resources needed to actively engage teachers in making education content localized and adapted to their own environments.
http://www.ocwconsortium.org/ Another definition : Open education is about sharing, reducing barriers & increasing access in education. It includes free & open access to platforms, tools & resources in education (learning materials, course materials, lecture videos, assessment tools, research, study groups, textbooks, etc.). Open education seeks a world where the desire to learn is fully met by the opportunity to do so & where everyone, everywhere is able to access affordable, educationally/culturally appropriate opportunities to gain whatever knowledge or training they desire. http://www.openeducationweek.org/category/blog/about-open-education/
http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7078.pdf Worldchanging concept – or at least it’s pretty to think so Didn’t just arrive in 2011 ….2007 Wiley…2008 Cormier and Alexander – Siemens, Downes….
I find the disjoint between this image of kids on a campus, physically actually there with the reality quite interesting From about page: https://www.edx.org/about EdX is a not-for-profit enterprise of its founding partners Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that features learning designed specifically for interactive study via the web. Along with offering online courses, the institutions will use edX to research how students learn and how technology can transform learning–both on-campus and worldwide.
From the site: https://www.udacity.com/us Higher education is broken with increasingly higher costs for both students and our society at large. Education is no longer a one-time event but a lifelong experience. Education should be less passive listening (no long lectures) and more active doing. Education should empower students to succeed not just in school but in life. We are reinventing education for the 21st century by bridging the gap between real-world skills, relevant education, and employment. Our students will be fluent in new technology, modern mathematics, science, and critical thinking. They will marry skills with creativity and humanity to learn, think, and do. Udacians are curious and engaged world citizens. Now we're a growing team of educators and engineers on a mission to change the future of education. By making high-quality classes affordable and accessible for students across the globe: Udacity is democratizing education.
https://www.coursera.org/about We are a social entrepreneurship company that partners with the top universities in the world to offer courses online for anyone to take, for free. We envision a future where the top universities are educating not only thousands of students, but millions. Our technology enables the best professors to teach tens or hundreds of thousands of students. Through this, we hope to give everyone access to the world-class education that has so far been available only to a select few. We want to empower people with education that will improve their lives, the lives of their families, and the communities they live in.
Is our children learning? How do we define learning, education.
There is much more but these voices are not nearly as loud . Aaron Bady is reliable and always worth reading (http://thenewinquiry.com/blogs/zunguzungu/) Abstracting education
Community café is a great example of use of oer’s in specific context, grounded in reality Hacker/makerspaces Peer to peer And lets not forget community colleges, etc…..
OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCESOpen Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution.http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources/
CREATIVE COMMONS Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation. Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet — universal access to research and education, full participation in culture — to drive a new era of development, growth, and productivity.
MASSIVELY OPEN ONLINE COURSESEducause – (3 of)7 things you should know about MOOCs a massively open online course (MOOC) is a model for delivering learning content online to virtually any person—with no limit on attendance—who wants to take the course. A MOOC throws open the doors of a course and invites anyone to enter, resulting in a new learning dynamic, one that offers remarkable collaborative and conversational opportunities for students to gather and discuss the course content. the most significant contribution is the MOOC’s potential to alter the relationship between learner and instructor and between academe and the wider community
COMING BACK TO REALITYOER’S , OUR WORK AND OTHER MODELS
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY Without a doubt, technology can enhance access to information Our experiences have shown that online learning can be authentic In the right circumstances With the right content In groups of between 8 and 40 participants With a skilled instructor The use of OER’s can be a positive contributor to learning
ALTERNATIVES FOR LEARNING The Community Café: creating and sharing open educational resources with community-based language teachers http://www.je-lks.org/ojs/index.php/Je-LKS_EN/article/view/803 Hackerspaces http://hackerspaces.org/wiki/ Peer 2 Peer University https://p2pu.org/en/
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. CONTACT Paul Treadwell firstname.lastname@example.org @ptreadwell http://www.paultreadwell.com February 20, 2013 Cover slide image modified version of original from http://www.coutausse.com/#/%E2%80%A2photojournalism/the-fall-of-the-berlin-wall- 1989/berlin14