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Collision Course: US vs. Europe & International Law

Presentations was given for a class comparing the US perspective on international law to that of most of Western Europe. The question posed was how are collisions between these two perspectives reconciled or avoided? Answer provides a humorous yet truthful and simple alternative.

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Collision Course: US vs. Europe & International Law

  1. 1. Collision Course Summer 2008 Leiden, The Netherlands Elizabeth Popp Question: How can collisions be avoided? De Valk Windmill ( museum )
  2. 2. Use the lessons learned in kindergarten! Answer: Wedding in Leiden: Preschool teacher gets a rose from each of her students "ALL I REALLY NEED TO KNOW I LEARNED IN KINDERGARTEN" by Robert Fulghum
  3. 3. #1: Share <ul><li>Each Party shall take &quot;legislative, administrative or policy measures . . .with the aim of sharing in a fair and equitable way the results of research and development and the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources with the Contracting Party providing such resources. Such sharing shall be upon mutually agreed terms.” </li></ul>Paragraph 7 of Article 15 The Convention on Biological Diversity Ducks on a canal in Amsterdam
  4. 4. #2 Play fair & Follow the rules (The shopping street in Leiden is closed to bikers between 11am and 6pm) Geneva Convention, anyone?
  5. 5. #3 Keep your hands to yourself! <ul><li>This comes up in many conventions </li></ul><ul><li>(here are a few): </li></ul><ul><li>UN Convention on the Rights of the Child </li></ul><ul><li>Geneva Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on Torture </li></ul>Peace Palace, The Hague, NL
  6. 6. #4 Clean up your own mess (example of law: Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) <ul><li>Canada Sued for Ignoring Its Own Kyoto Protocol Law Source: Environment New Service (http://www.ens-newswire.com) </li></ul><ul><li>“ TORONTO, Ontario, Canada , June 18, 2008 (ENS) - Canada today became the first country ever to be brought to court for failing to comply with its legal commitments to combat global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>Friends of the Earth Canada is suing the Conservative government led by Prime Minister Stephen Harper for following a strategy to reduce greenhouse gases that fails to meet Canada's obligations under the Kyoto Protocol. </li></ul><ul><li>The lawsuit is the first in the world to seek enforcement of the protocol, an international treaty ratified by 180 countries, including Canada.” </li></ul>Children who collected 50 used cups received a free drink at the Fair Trade World Festival in Brugge (July 2008)
  7. 7. #5 Don’t take things that aren’t yours <ul><li>UN Convention on the Law of the Sea </li></ul>Image: www.globalsecurity.org
  8. 8. #6 Say you’re sorry when you hurt someone <ul><li>Reparations to Victims: Article 75 of the Rome Statute </li></ul>Peace Palace ICC / Eurojust
  9. 9. #7 Wash your hands before you eat <ul><li>The Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990) specifically mentions a right to clean drinking water. No other conventions mention a right to water. </li></ul><ul><li>However …all humans have a right to life, and without (clean) water, there is no life. </li></ul>Scheveningen Beach
  10. 10. #8 Flush Toilet in Amsterdam
  11. 11. #9 Respect yourself and others There are many International Laws that address this issue: <ul><li>International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination 21 Dec 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 16 Dec 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 16 Dec 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women 18 Dec 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment 10 Dec 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on the Rights of the Child 20 Nov 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and </li></ul><ul><li>Members of Their Families 18 Dec 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance    </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 13 Dec 2006   </li></ul><ul><li>Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 16 Dec 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, </li></ul><ul><li>aiming at the abolition of the death penalty 15 Dec 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women </li></ul><ul><li>10 Dec 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of </li></ul><ul><li>children in armed conflict 25 May 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, </li></ul><ul><li>child prostitution and child pornography 25 May 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or </li></ul><ul><li>Degrading Treatment or Punishment 18 Dec 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities </li></ul>Delft
  12. 12. #10 Live a balanced life Eat Dance Learn Sing Laugh Listen Work Cultural Festival (The Hague) Bob Marley Tribute Band Inside the OPCW Evening: Locals set up camp in the Shopping Street Wedding in Leiden Cultural Festival (The Hague) Break Dancers Artifact at Enthology Museum (Leiden) Divine French Food (NL) Outside the Peace Palace
  13. 13. #11 Have quiet time each day The view from Webster Leiden Campus
  14. 14. #12 When you go out in the world, watch out for traffic, hold hands and stick together EUROJUST: A collaborative organization made of States who decide to fight international crime….together!
  15. 15. #13 Be Wonderful Versailles Grounds, France Eiffel Tower Only a day (or so) away…. Stonehenge Ouistreham, France London Bridge Think: chicks hatching, seeds sprouting...
  16. 16. #14 Everything Dies at some point in time… including us . … but it doesn’t have to be at the human hand . International Law exists those responsible for genocide. However, it is still unclear how (or if) we (as States) should stop it from happening. Natralis Museum, Leiden Anne Frank House, Amsterdam
  17. 17. #15 Remember to LOOK both ways <ul><li>If only we would actually be aware of what is going on…. </li></ul><ul><li>then use that awareness…. </li></ul><ul><li>learn from our mistakes and our successes….. </li></ul><ul><li>together…. </li></ul>
  18. 18. If the world used these lessons… How many collisions would we avoid? How many problems would we solve?
  19. 19. Tina Hart may use any of my slides for future presentations about Leiden or the legal studies program. However, you do not have permission to do so for profit or to sell any of my pictures. 