NATIONAL SECURITY GUARDS (NSG)
SPECIAL PROTECTION GROUP (SPG) 1) MARCOS.
Garud Commando Force.
4) Ghatak Force.
6) COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action)
7) Special Frontier Force.
8) Force One.
DIFFERENT SPECIAL FORCES IN
3. The Garud Commando Force is the Special Forces unit of the Indian Air
Force. It was formed in September 2004 and has a strength of approximately
2000 personnel. The unit derives its name from Garuda, a divine bird-like
creature of Hindu Mythology. Garud is tasked with the protection of critical
Air Force bases and installations; search and rescue during peace and
hostilities and disaster relief during calamities.[ Garuds are deployed in the
Congo as part of the UN peace keeping operations.
4. During hostilities, Garuds undertake combat search and
rescue, rescue of downed airmen and other forces from
behind enemy lines, suppression of enemy air defence
(SEAD), radar busting, combat control, missile and
munitions guidance ("lasing" of targets) and other
missions in support of air operations. It has been
suggested that they undertake an offensive role including
raids on enemy air bases etc. during times of war.
Apart from protecting air bases from sabotage and
attacks by commando raids, they are also tasked to seal
off weapons systems, fighter hangars and other major
systems during intrusions and conflicts.[
5. Garud trainees undergo a 72-week. Basic Training course,
which is the longest among all the Indian special forces
but it also includes basic training. The total duration of
training before a trainee can qualify as a fully operational
Garud is around 3 years.
The initial phase is a three-month probationary training
which filters in the promising candidates for the next
phases of training. This phase, which usually has a high
attrition (Drop-out) rate is conducted at the Garud
Regimental Training Centre located
at Hindon, Ghaziabad which is near to New Delhi.
6. Formed in 1966, the Para (SF) are the largest and most important part of the
Special Forces of India. They are a part of the highly trained Parachute
Regiment of the Indian Army. The main aim of having a Parachute Regiment
is for quick deployment of soldiers behind the enemy lines to attack the
enemy from behind and destroy their first line of defence. Para (SF)
conducted a series of joint exercises with US army special forces called Vajra
7. The parachute units of the Indian Army are among the oldest airborne units
in the world. The 50th Indian Parachute Brigade was formed on 27 October
1941, comprising the British 151st Parachute Battalion, the British Indian
Army 152nd Indian Parachute Battalion, and the 153rd Gurkha Parachute
Battalion. The Parachute Regiment was formed from these and several other
units in 1952.
In 1944, the 50th was allocated to the newly founded 44th Airborne
Division. In the post-independence restructuring, India retained only one
parachute brigade—the 50th. This brigade consisted of three distinguished
battalions personally nominated by the then Commander-in-Chief, namely
1 PARA (Punjab), 2 PARA (Maratha) and 3 PARA (Kumaon). During
the Jammu and Kashmir operations of 1947-48 these battalions
distinguished themselves with glory in the battles of Shelatang, Naushera,
Jhangar and Poonch and were awarded the respective Battle Honours.
• 1971 Indo-Pakistan War
The unit (Para Commandos, Indian Army) first saw action in
the 1971 Indo-Pakistani war, the first six-man assault team was
inserted 240 kilometres (150 miles) deep into Indus and Charchao,
where they carried out raids. The assault team killed 73 and
wounded 140 on the Pakistani side. In addition, they also destroyed
35mm artillery guns of the Pakistan independent battery.
•Operation Bluestar 1984
In 1984 the Para (SF) were involved in Operation Blue Star They
were charged to lead an attack on the Holy Site of the Sikh religion
the Golden Temple to evict Sikh militants in Punjab
•Sri Lanka 198
The late 1980s saw the Para (SF) in action in Sri Lanka, as part
of Operation Pawan. However, the lack of proper planning by
the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), and insufficient intelligence
on the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's (LTTE) whereabouts,
caused the initial heli-borne assault
10. The NSG has a total personnel strength
of about 14,500.
The NSG was modelled on the pattern of the SAS
of the UK and GSG-9 of Germany.
In the present year NSG is headed by Mr.
Jyoti Krishna Dutt
• OPERATION BLUE STAR: (June 3 to June 6, 1984) was an
Indian military operation ordered by Indira Gandhi, the then
Prime Minister of India, to remove Sikh separatists who were
amassing weapons in the Golden Temple in Amritsar..
14. • Operation Black Thunder: It is the name given
to several operations that took place in India in
late 1980s to flush out remaining Sikh extremists
from Akal Takht.
The major Operation Black Thunder took place
on April 30, 1986. NSG commandoes stormed the
15. Operation Black Thunder II) took
place began May 12, 1988 in Amritsar
and ended with the surrender of the
militants on May 18
16. MARCOS is an elite special operations unit
of the Indian Navy.
"MARCOS" is short for "Marine Commandos“.
the initial MARCOS group was planned
along with the establishment of the NSG
The first unit was called the Indian Marine Special Force,
and was later renamed as Marine Commando Force (MCF)
no officer ever reveals that he is
with the MARCOS;.
18. The MARCO is an expert in every kind of
weapon, from knives to sniper rifles.
To top it, he is both the paratrooper and a
They are also locally known as the
19. -> Operation Pawan was the codename assigned to the
operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take
control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce
the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri
Lankan Accord. In brutal fighting that took about three
weeks, the IPKF took control of the Jaffna Peninsula
from the LTTE rule, something that the Sri Lankan army
had then tried and failed to achieve for several years.
Supported by Indian Army tanks, helicopter gunships
and heavy artillery, the IPKF routed the LTTE. But this
victory came at a price, as the IPKF lost around 214
20. -> Operation Cactus part of Indian Navy contingent
defending the democratic government of President
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom of the Maldives from a coup.
The force carried out a highly successful operation to
crush a coup in the Maldives. When some 50 mercenaries
escaped with more than 25 hostages, including a minister,
in a ship, the MCF was pressed into service and
successfully seized the ship.
->Operation Tornado: MARCOS stormed the
Oberoi/Trident Hotel and the Nariman Building on
morning of 27 November 2008 during the 26 November
2008 Mumbai attacks.
21. The training is much tougher
The first two months is the weeding out phase.
The real killer is the “death crawl”
Around 10% eventually don the MARCO patch o
their right sleeve. And live the life of a hero – in
22. Small Arms: AK-47 and variants, Colt M16A2, INSAS 5.56
mm, Type 56 assault rifles, Tavor Assault Rifles, HK MP5 sub-
machine gun. The 7.62 mm SLR assault rifle and the
SVD_Dragunov sniper rifle is used in long range and sniping
roles respectively. Previously, crossbows with cyanide tipped
arrows were used for silent killing.
Transport: H-3 Sea King and Chetak helicopters, Cosmos CE-
2F/X100 two-man submarines