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Towards a Model of Interdisciplinary Teamwork: What can Social Theory Contribute

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Towards a Model of
Interdisciplinary Teamwork:
What can Social Theory
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Peter Kraker...

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© Know-Center 2011
2
My Background
Web Science
and Information Science
, TEAM, and CODE

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© Know-Center 2011
3
Introduction
Each scientific disciplines has its own culture  Kuhn:
“paradigm“
 At times, new probl...

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Towards a Model of Interdisciplinary Teamwork: What can Social Theory Contribute

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Slides from my talk at Web Science 2013 Workshop: Harnessing the Power of Social Theory for Web Science: https://sites.google.com/site/webscitheoryworkshop/

Slides from my talk at Web Science 2013 Workshop: Harnessing the Power of Social Theory for Web Science: https://sites.google.com/site/webscitheoryworkshop/

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Towards a Model of Interdisciplinary Teamwork: What can Social Theory Contribute

  1. 1. www.know-center.at Funded by Towards a Model of Interdisciplinary Teamwork: What can Social Theory Contribute Peter Kraker Sebastian Dennerlein WSWT Workshop Websci‘13
  2. 2. © Know-Center 2011 2 My Background Web Science and Information Science , TEAM, and CODE
  3. 3. © Know-Center 2011 3 Introduction Each scientific disciplines has its own culture  Kuhn: “paradigm“  At times, new problems arise that cannot be answered with the standard paradigm of a single discipline: Interdisciplinary fields such as Web Science emerge In Web Science, social scientists need to work with computer scientists Researchers often do not build on each other’s strengths but they are rather suspiciously looking at each other’s results. • Social scientists tend to disregard computer scientists‘ results because they are not grounded in theory. • Computer scientists tend to disregard social scientists‘ results because they are not based on big datasets.
  4. 4. © Know-Center 2011 4 Computer Science Approach to Research Fayyad et al. (1996) This is when computer scientists turn to social scientists!
  5. 5. © Know-Center 2011 5 Social Science Approach to Research Dodigovic (1998) This is when social scientists turn to computer scientists! model
  6. 6. © Know-Center 2011 6 The Models vs. Patterns Problem Computer scientists cannot test social scientists’ models because they often do not have the data in the form that is required by these models Social scientists on the other hand have a hard time interpreting computer scientists’ patterns because they are too specific to be covered by traditional theories and models This is what we call the patterns vs. models problem
  7. 7. © Know-Center 2011 7 Interdisciplinary Teamwork and Social Theory Web Science should close the gap that results from the patterns vs. models problem: • On the more pattern-oriented side, it would be important to understand that theories are more than just castles in the sky • On the more theory-oriented side, researchers need to understand that data mining methods can be useful to evaluate models, but their properties need already be considered when building the models But: Such an understanding cannot be reached, when work is simply divided between parties and then brought together in the end.  In our view, Web Science requires “interdisciplinary teamwork” among the disciplines involved.
  8. 8. © Know-Center 2011 8 Interdisciplinary Teamwork and Social Theory In the following, we present two theoretical strains which we see as relevant to achieving interdisciplinary teamwork and overcoming the patterns vs. models problem: • Dillenbourg’s and Roschelle & Teasley’s understanding of Collaboration vs. cooperation • Bronstein’s “Model for Interdisciplinary Collaboration”
  9. 9. © Know-Center 2011 9 Cooperation vs. Collaboration Cooperation Collaboration Interdisciplinary teamwork in Web Science requires not only cooperative but also collaborative efforts.
  10. 10. © Know-Center 2011 10 Bronstein’s Model of Interdisciplinary Collaboration Problem: Interplay between collaboration and cooperation is not modeled
  11. 11. © Know-Center 2011 11 Model Sketch Interdependence:  collaborate to establish a shared meaning  cooperate to make use of the competencies of each discipline  assembling the partial achievements, making sense of them and planning how to further progress Newly created professional activities: collaborative paradigms
  12. 12. © Know-Center 2011 12 Model Sketch Understanding of collaboration and cooperation as phases of the overall construct of “interdisciplinary teamwork”.  These phases are alternating with respect to Bronstein’s components and the progress of achieving the common goal.
  13. 13. © Know-Center 2011 13 Outlook • Draft a formal model • Understand other influences on interdisciplinary teamwork such as: • power (Foucault) and • authority (Bourdieu) • Evaluate the model in an interdisciplinary way!
  14. 14. www.know-center.at Funded by Thank you for your attention! pkraker@know-center.at sdennerlein@know-center.at http://science20.wordpress.com http://twitter.com/PeterKraker http://twitter.com/SDennerlein WSWT Workshop Websci‘13

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