SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 61
Anatomy & 
Physiology Of Female 
Reproductive System
Learning Objectives 
Define the terms listed. 
Identify the female external 
reproductive organs. 
Explain the structure of the bony 
pelvis. 
Explain the functions and structures 
of pelvic floor.
Introduction
External Female Structures 
Collectively, the external 
female reproductive 
organs are called the 
Vulva.
External Female Structures 
Mons Pubis. 
Labia Majora 
Labia Minora. 
Clitoris. 
Vestibule. 
Perineum
Mons Pubis 
Is rounded, soft fullness of 
subcutaneous fatty tissue, prominence 
over the symphysis pubis that forms 
the anterior border of the external 
reproductive organs. 
It is covered with varying amounts 
of pubic hair.
Labia Majora & Minora 
The labia Majora are two rounded, 
fleshy folds of tissue that extended 
from the mons pubis to the perineum. 
It is protect the labia minora, urinary 
meatus and vaginal introitus.
Labia Minora 
It is located between the labia majora, 
are narrow. 
The lateral and anterior aspects are 
usually pigmented. 
The inner surfaces are similar to 
vaginal mucosa, pink and mois. 
Their rich vascularity.
Clitoris. 
The term clitoris comes from a 
Greek word meaning key. 
Erectile organ. 
It’s rich vascular, highly sensitive 
to temperature, touch, and 
pressure sensation
Vestibule. 
Is oval-shaped area formed 
between the labia minora, clitoris, 
and fourchette. 
Vestibule contains the external 
urethral meatus, vaginal introitus, 
and Bartholins glands.
Perineum 
Is the most posterior part of the 
external female reproductive organs. 
It extends from fourchette anteriorly 
to the anus posteriorly. 
And is composed of fibrous and 
muscular tissues that support pelvic 
structures.
Internal Female Structures 
Vagina 
Uterus 
Fallopian tubes 
Ovaries
Fallopian tubes 
The two tubes extended from the 
cornu of the uterus to the ovary. 
It runs in the upper free border of 
the broad ligament. 
Length 8 to 14 cm average 10 cm 
Its divided into 4 parts.
1. Interstitial part 
Which runs into uterine cavity, 
passes through the myometrium 
between the fundus and body of 
the uterus. About 1-2cm in 
length.
2. Isthmus 
Which is the narrow part of 
the tube adjacent to the 
uterus. 
Straight and cord like , 
about 2 – 3 cm in length.
3. Ampulla 
Which is the wider part about 
5 cm in length. 
Fertilization occurs in the 
ampulla.
4. Infundibulum 
It is funnel or trumpet shaped. 
Fimbriae are fingerlike processes, one 
of these is longer than the other and 
adherent to the ovary. 
The fimbriae become swollen almost 
erectile at ovulation.
Functions 
Gamete transport (ovum pickup, 
ovum transport, sperm transport). 
Final maturation of gamete post 
ovulate oocyte maturation, sperm 
capicitation.
Fluid environment for early 
embryonic development. 
Transport of fertilized and 
unfertilized ovum to the 
uterus.
Ovaries 
Oval solid structure, 1.5 cm in thickness, 
2.5 cm in width and 3.5 cm in length 
respectively. Each weights about 4–8 gm. 
Ovary is located on each side of the 
uterus, below and behind the uterine tubes
Structure of the ovaries 
Cortex 
Medulla 
Hilum
Ovaries and Relationship 
to Uterine Tube and Uterus 
Figure 28–14
Function of the ovary 
Secrete estrogen & progesterone. 
Production of ova
Uterus 
The uterus is a hollow, pear shaped 
muscular organ. 
The uterus measures about 7.5 X 5 
X 2.5 cm and weight about 50 – 60 
gm.
Its normal position is 
anteverted (rotated 
forward and slightly 
antiflexed (flexed forward) 
The uterus divided into 
three parts
1. Body of the uterus 
The upper part is the corpus, or body 
of the uterus 
The fundus is the part of the body or 
corpus above the area where the 
fallopian tubes enter the uterus. 
Length about 5 cm.
2. Isthmus 
A narrower transition zone. 
Is between the corpus of the uterus 
and cervix. 
During late pregnancy, the isthmus 
elongates and is known as the lower 
uterine segment.
3. Cervix 
The lowermost position of the 
uterus “neck”. 
The length of the cervix is about 
2.5 t0 3 cm.
The os, is the opening in the cervix 
that runs between the uterus and 
vagina. 
The upper part of the cervix is marked 
by internal os and the lower cervix is 
marked by the external os.
Layers of the uterus 
 Perimetrium. 
 Myometrium. 
 Endometrium.
1. Perimetrium 
Is the outer peritoneal layer of 
serous membrane that covers 
most of the uterus.
Laterally, the perimetrium is 
continuous with the broad 
ligaments on either side of the 
uterus.
2. Myometrium 
Is the middle layer of thick 
muscle. 
Most of the muscle fibers are 
concentrated in the upper uterus, 
and their number diminishes 
progressively toward the cervix.
The myometrium 
contains three types of 
smooth muscle fiber
Longitudinal fibers (outer layer) 
Which are found mostly in the 
fundus and are designed to 
expel the fetus efficiently 
toward the pelvic outlet during 
birth.
Middle layer figure-8 fibers 
These fiber contract after 
birth to compress the blood 
vessels that pass between 
them to limit blood loss.
Inner layer circular fibers 
Which form constrictions 
where the fallopian tubes 
enter the uterus and 
surround the internal os 
Circular fibers prevent reflux 
of menstrual blood and tissue 
into the fallopian tubes.
Promote normal implantation of 
the fertilized ovum by controlling 
its entry into the uterus. 
And retain the fetus until the 
appropriate time of birth.
3. Endometrium 
Is the inner layer of the 
uterus. 
It is responsive to the cyclic 
variations of estrogen and 
progesterone during the 
female reproductive cycle 
every month.
The two or three layers of the 
endometrium are: 
*Compact layer 
*The basal layer 
*The functional or Sponge layer this 
layer is shed during each menstrual period 
and after child birth in the lochia
The Function of the uterus 
Menstruation ----the uterus 
sloughs off the endometrium. 
Pregnancy ---the uterus support 
fetus and allows the fetus to grow.
Labor and birth---the uterine 
muscles contract and the cervix 
dilates during labor to expel the 
fetus
Vagina 
It is an elastic fibro-muscular tube 
and membranous tissue about 8 to 
10 cm long. 
Lying between the bladder 
anteriorly and the rectum 
posteriorly.
The vagina connects the uterus 
above with the vestibule below. 
The upper end is blind and called 
the vaginal vault.
The vaginal lining has 
multiple folds, or rugae 
and muscle layer. These 
folds allow the vagina to 
stretch considerably 
during childbirth.
The reaction of the 
vagina is acidic, the 
pH is 4.5 that protects 
the vagina against 
infection.
Functions of the vagina 
To allow discharge of the 
menstrual flow. 
As the female organs of coitus. 
To allow passage of the fetus from 
the uterus.
Support structures 
The bony pelvis 
support and protects 
the lower abdominal 
and internal 
reproductive organs.
Muscle, Joints and ligaments 
provide added support for 
internal organs of the pelvis 
against the downward force of 
gravity and the increases in 
intra-abdominal pressure
Bony Pelvis 
Bony Pelvis Is Composed of 4 
bones: 
1. Two hip bones. 
2. Sacrum. 
3. Coccyx.
1. Two hip bones. 
Each or hip bone is composed 
of three bones: 
*Ilium 
*Ischium 
*Pubis
*Ilium 
It is the flared out part. 
The greater part of its inner 
aspect is smooth and concave, 
forming the iliac fossa. 
The upper border of the ilium is 
called iliac crest
*Ischium 
It is the thick lower part. 
It has a large prominence 
known as the ischial tuberosity 
on which the body rests while 
sitting.
Behind and little above the 
tuberosity is an inward 
projection the ischial spine.
2. Sacrum 
Is a wedge shaped bone consisting of 
five vertebrae. 
The anterior surface of the sacrum is 
concave 
The upper border of the first sacral 
vertebra known as the sacral 
promontory
3. Coccyx. 
 Consists of four 
vertebrae forming a 
small triangular bone.
Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1Dr. Sarita Sharma
 
Functions of placenta
Functions of placentaFunctions of placenta
Functions of placentamariaidrees3
 
The female reproductive system
The female reproductive systemThe female reproductive system
The female reproductive systemsosojammoly
 
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive systemShalie Antony
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive systemAbiya Mary Biju
 
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycleMenstrual cycle
Menstrual cycleAnni Khan
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsamrit kaur
 
Physiology of The Menstrual Cycle
Physiology of The Menstrual CyclePhysiology of The Menstrual Cycle
Physiology of The Menstrual CycleMohd Ikhwan Chacho
 
Female Reproductive system
Female Reproductive systemFemale Reproductive system
Female Reproductive systemJegan Nadar
 
PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION 2015
PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION  2015PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION  2015
PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION 2015Ayat masoud
 
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycleMenstrual cycle
Menstrual cycleraj kumar
 
Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis
Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis
Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis Dr. Devi Shankar
 

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System 1
 
Male reproductive system
Male reproductive systemMale reproductive system
Male reproductive system
 
Functions of placenta
Functions of placentaFunctions of placenta
Functions of placenta
 
The female reproductive system
The female reproductive systemThe female reproductive system
The female reproductive system
 
Anatomy of Uterus
Anatomy of UterusAnatomy of Uterus
Anatomy of Uterus
 
The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycleThe menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle
 
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycleMenstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
 
Male reproductive system
Male reproductive systemMale reproductive system
Male reproductive system
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
 
UTERUS.pptx
UTERUS.pptxUTERUS.pptx
UTERUS.pptx
 
Physiology of The Menstrual Cycle
Physiology of The Menstrual CyclePhysiology of The Menstrual Cycle
Physiology of The Menstrual Cycle
 
Female Reproductive system
Female Reproductive systemFemale Reproductive system
Female Reproductive system
 
PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION 2015
PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION  2015PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION  2015
PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUATION 2015
 
Menstrual cycle
Menstrual cycleMenstrual cycle
Menstrual cycle
 
Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis
Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis
Anatomy & Histology of ovary and Oogenesis
 
External genitalia
External genitaliaExternal genitalia
External genitalia
 
Reproductive physiology
Reproductive physiology Reproductive physiology
Reproductive physiology
 

Andere mochten auch

Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive System
Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive SystemAnatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive System
Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive SystemSusanette V. Benitez
 
Female reproductive system presentation
Female reproductive system presentationFemale reproductive system presentation
Female reproductive system presentationVanessaHamilton
 
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy  physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy  physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive systemMonique Reyes
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive systemSandesh Kamdi
 
The Reproductive System
The Reproductive System The Reproductive System
The Reproductive System bmaiell2
 
Anatomy of female genital tract
Anatomy of female genital tractAnatomy of female genital tract
Anatomy of female genital tractSree Lakshmi M
 
Anatomy of the female reproductive system
Anatomy of the female reproductive systemAnatomy of the female reproductive system
Anatomy of the female reproductive systemraj kumar
 
Ektopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Ektopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.comEktopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Ektopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.comjinekolojivegebelik.com
 
Meiosis and the male reproductive system
Meiosis and the male reproductive systemMeiosis and the male reproductive system
Meiosis and the male reproductive systemJames H. Workman
 
121 Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent
121  Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent121  Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent
121 Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System RecentSandy Thunell
 
Male reproductive system- mr. panneh
Male reproductive system- mr. pannehMale reproductive system- mr. panneh
Male reproductive system- mr. pannehabdou panneh
 
Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13
Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13
Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13mrhunterspage
 
Oogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in female
Oogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in femaleOogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in female
Oogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in femaleJames H. Workman
 
Spinal cord and spinal nerves
Spinal cord and spinal nervesSpinal cord and spinal nerves
Spinal cord and spinal nervesJames H. Workman
 
Anatomy of reproductive system
Anatomy of reproductive systemAnatomy of reproductive system
Anatomy of reproductive systemArturo Decano
 
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular SystemAnatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular Systemmrhunterspage
 
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary system
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary systemAnatomy & physiology of integumentary system
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary systemSiva Nanda Reddy
 

Andere mochten auch (20)

Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive System
Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive SystemAnatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive System
Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive System
 
Female reproductive system presentation
Female reproductive system presentationFemale reproductive system presentation
Female reproductive system presentation
 
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy  physiology of female reproductive systemAnatomy  physiology of female reproductive system
Anatomy physiology of female reproductive system
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
The Reproductive System
The Reproductive System The Reproductive System
The Reproductive System
 
Anatomy of female genital tract
Anatomy of female genital tractAnatomy of female genital tract
Anatomy of female genital tract
 
Anatomy of the female reproductive system
Anatomy of the female reproductive systemAnatomy of the female reproductive system
Anatomy of the female reproductive system
 
Nervous system
Nervous systemNervous system
Nervous system
 
Ektopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Ektopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.comEktopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
Ektopik Gebelik (Dış Gebelik) - www.jinekolojivegebelik.com
 
Meiosis and the male reproductive system
Meiosis and the male reproductive systemMeiosis and the male reproductive system
Meiosis and the male reproductive system
 
121 Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent
121  Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent121  Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent
121 Week 5 Chapter 8 Urinary System Recent
 
Male reproductive system- mr. panneh
Male reproductive system- mr. pannehMale reproductive system- mr. panneh
Male reproductive system- mr. panneh
 
Skin
SkinSkin
Skin
 
Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13
Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13
Anatomy and Physiology The Nervous System 01/23/13
 
Oogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in female
Oogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in femaleOogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in female
Oogenesis female reproductive system hormone signaling in female
 
Spinal cord and spinal nerves
Spinal cord and spinal nervesSpinal cord and spinal nerves
Spinal cord and spinal nerves
 
Uterus_KLewis
Uterus_KLewisUterus_KLewis
Uterus_KLewis
 
Anatomy of reproductive system
Anatomy of reproductive systemAnatomy of reproductive system
Anatomy of reproductive system
 
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular SystemAnatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
 
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary system
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary systemAnatomy & physiology of integumentary system
Anatomy & physiology of integumentary system
 

Ähnlich wie Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem

anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdfanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdfusman232639
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptPriyankaSinha406376
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptPriyankaSinha406376
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptReshmaAnilKumar6
 
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System..pdf
Anatomy & Physiology of  Female Reproductive System..pdfAnatomy & Physiology of  Female Reproductive System..pdf
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System..pdfNasirAli777740
 
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammedFemale reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammedbhmMhmm
 
Femalereproductivesystem
FemalereproductivesystemFemalereproductivesystem
FemalereproductivesystemSoneeshah
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxmkniranda
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsRehab Soliman Soliman
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxLiangkiuwiliu
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxKalanaDenuwan
 
Female reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdfFemale reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdfdipinbhandari
 
Femalereproductivesystem
Femalereproductivesystem Femalereproductivesystem
Femalereproductivesystem India™
 
Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2Ankitaroy92
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system Rani Gurudasani
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive systemMichael Wrock
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsManisha Kaku
 

Ähnlich wie Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem (20)

anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdfanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pdf
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
 
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.pptanatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem-130506124715-phpapp02.ppt
 
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System..pdf
Anatomy & Physiology of  Female Reproductive System..pdfAnatomy & Physiology of  Female Reproductive System..pdf
Anatomy & Physiology of Female Reproductive System..pdf
 
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammedFemale reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
Female reproductive system ibrahim mohammed
 
Femalereproductivesystem
FemalereproductivesystemFemalereproductivesystem
Femalereproductivesystem
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
 
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptxANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
 
female reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptxfemale reproductive system.pptx
female reproductive system.pptx
 
Female reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdfFemale reproductive system.pdf
Female reproductive system.pdf
 
Femalereproductivesystem
Femalereproductivesystem Femalereproductivesystem
Femalereproductivesystem
 
Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2Reproductive system 2
Reproductive system 2
 
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptxREPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.pptx
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system Female reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
Recount text
Recount textRecount text
Recount text
 
Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organsAnatomy of female reproductive organs
Anatomy of female reproductive organs
 

Mehr von Pave Medicine

Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive systemPave Medicine
 
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1Pave Medicine
 
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1Pave Medicine
 
MMgt of hypertensive disorders in preg
MMgt of hypertensive disorders in pregMMgt of hypertensive disorders in preg
MMgt of hypertensive disorders in pregPave Medicine
 
Labor,labor abnormalities and the partogram
Labor,labor abnormalities and the partogramLabor,labor abnormalities and the partogram
Labor,labor abnormalities and the partogramPave Medicine
 
Obstetric physical examination
Obstetric physical examinationObstetric physical examination
Obstetric physical examinationPave Medicine
 
Mechanism of labour and use of partogram
Mechanism of labour and use of partogramMechanism of labour and use of partogram
Mechanism of labour and use of partogramPave Medicine
 
Focused antenatal and emergecy obstetric care
Focused antenatal and emergecy obstetric careFocused antenatal and emergecy obstetric care
Focused antenatal and emergecy obstetric carePave Medicine
 
Antenatal care and high risk assessment1
Antenatal care and high risk assessment1Antenatal care and high risk assessment1
Antenatal care and high risk assessment1Pave Medicine
 
Diagnosis of pregnancy
Diagnosis of pregnancy Diagnosis of pregnancy
Diagnosis of pregnancy Pave Medicine
 
Gynaecological+examination
Gynaecological+examinationGynaecological+examination
Gynaecological+examinationPave Medicine
 

Mehr von Pave Medicine (20)

Female reproductive system
Female reproductive systemFemale reproductive system
Female reproductive system
 
Endocrine system
Endocrine systemEndocrine system
Endocrine system
 
Embryo
EmbryoEmbryo
Embryo
 
Digestive systems
Digestive systemsDigestive systems
Digestive systems
 
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
 
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
Digestion and absorption review k&m chapter1
 
Cns, pns
Cns, pnsCns, pns
Cns, pns
 
Muscles of upper
Muscles of upperMuscles of upper
Muscles of upper
 
Cartilage,bone,ct
Cartilage,bone,ctCartilage,bone,ct
Cartilage,bone,ct
 
Cellular metabolism
Cellular  metabolismCellular  metabolism
Cellular metabolism
 
Cartilage,bone,ct
Cartilage,bone,ctCartilage,bone,ct
Cartilage,bone,ct
 
MMgt of hypertensive disorders in preg
MMgt of hypertensive disorders in pregMMgt of hypertensive disorders in preg
MMgt of hypertensive disorders in preg
 
Labor,labor abnormalities and the partogram
Labor,labor abnormalities and the partogramLabor,labor abnormalities and the partogram
Labor,labor abnormalities and the partogram
 
Obstetric physical examination
Obstetric physical examinationObstetric physical examination
Obstetric physical examination
 
Normal labour
Normal labourNormal labour
Normal labour
 
Mechanism of labour and use of partogram
Mechanism of labour and use of partogramMechanism of labour and use of partogram
Mechanism of labour and use of partogram
 
Focused antenatal and emergecy obstetric care
Focused antenatal and emergecy obstetric careFocused antenatal and emergecy obstetric care
Focused antenatal and emergecy obstetric care
 
Antenatal care and high risk assessment1
Antenatal care and high risk assessment1Antenatal care and high risk assessment1
Antenatal care and high risk assessment1
 
Diagnosis of pregnancy
Diagnosis of pregnancy Diagnosis of pregnancy
Diagnosis of pregnancy
 
Gynaecological+examination
Gynaecological+examinationGynaecological+examination
Gynaecological+examination
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf
LUNG TUMORS AND ITS  CLASSIFICATIONS.pdfLUNG TUMORS AND ITS  CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf
LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
See the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy Platform
See the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy PlatformSee the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy Platform
See the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy PlatformKweku Zurek
 
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptxGlomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptxDr.Nusrat Tariq
 
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdfPULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...rajnisinghkjn
 
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️saminamagar
 
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxInformed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
Report Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptx
Report Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptxReport Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptx
Report Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptxbkling
 
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.pptApiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.pptkedirjemalharun
 
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptxCOVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptxBibekananda shah
 
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.ANJALI
 
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...saminamagar
 
call girls in Connaught Place DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...
call girls in Connaught Place  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...call girls in Connaught Place  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...
call girls in Connaught Place DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...saminamagar
 
POST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptx
POST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptxPOST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptx
POST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptxvirengeeta
 
SWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.ppt
SWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.pptSWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.ppt
SWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.pptMumux Mirani
 
Call Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment Booking
Call Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment BookingCall Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment Booking
Call Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment BookingNehru place Escorts
 
call girls in green park DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in green park  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in green park  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in green park DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️saminamagar
 
call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️saminamagar
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!ibtesaam huma
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf
LUNG TUMORS AND ITS  CLASSIFICATIONS.pdfLUNG TUMORS AND ITS  CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf
LUNG TUMORS AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS.pdf
 
See the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy Platform
See the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy PlatformSee the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy Platform
See the 2,456 pharmacies on the National E-Pharmacy Platform
 
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptxGlomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
 
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdfPULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
 
Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 2 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
 
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
 
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptxInformed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
Informed Consent Empowering Healthcare Decision-Making.pptx
 
Report Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptx
Report Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptxReport Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptx
Report Back from SGO: What’s New in Uterine Cancer?.pptx
 
Epilepsy
EpilepsyEpilepsy
Epilepsy
 
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.pptApiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
Apiculture Chapter 1. Introduction 2.ppt
 
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptxCOVID-19  (NOVEL CORONA  VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
COVID-19 (NOVEL CORONA VIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC ).pptx
 
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
Statistical modeling in pharmaceutical research and development.
 
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
 
call girls in Connaught Place DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...
call girls in Connaught Place  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...call girls in Connaught Place  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...
call girls in Connaught Place DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service ...
 
POST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptx
POST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptxPOST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptx
POST NATAL EXERCISES AND ITS IMPACT.pptx
 
SWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.ppt
SWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.pptSWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.ppt
SWD (Short wave diathermy)- Physiotherapy.ppt
 
Call Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment Booking
Call Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment BookingCall Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment Booking
Call Girls Service Nandiambakkam | 7001305949 At Low Cost Cash Payment Booking
 
call girls in green park DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in green park  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in green park  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in green park DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
 
call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in dwarka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
 

Anatomyphysiologyoffemalereproductivesystem

  • 1. Anatomy & Physiology Of Female Reproductive System
  • 2. Learning Objectives Define the terms listed. Identify the female external reproductive organs. Explain the structure of the bony pelvis. Explain the functions and structures of pelvic floor.
  • 4. External Female Structures Collectively, the external female reproductive organs are called the Vulva.
  • 5. External Female Structures Mons Pubis. Labia Majora Labia Minora. Clitoris. Vestibule. Perineum
  • 6. Mons Pubis Is rounded, soft fullness of subcutaneous fatty tissue, prominence over the symphysis pubis that forms the anterior border of the external reproductive organs. It is covered with varying amounts of pubic hair.
  • 7. Labia Majora & Minora The labia Majora are two rounded, fleshy folds of tissue that extended from the mons pubis to the perineum. It is protect the labia minora, urinary meatus and vaginal introitus.
  • 8. Labia Minora It is located between the labia majora, are narrow. The lateral and anterior aspects are usually pigmented. The inner surfaces are similar to vaginal mucosa, pink and mois. Their rich vascularity.
  • 9. Clitoris. The term clitoris comes from a Greek word meaning key. Erectile organ. It’s rich vascular, highly sensitive to temperature, touch, and pressure sensation
  • 10. Vestibule. Is oval-shaped area formed between the labia minora, clitoris, and fourchette. Vestibule contains the external urethral meatus, vaginal introitus, and Bartholins glands.
  • 11. Perineum Is the most posterior part of the external female reproductive organs. It extends from fourchette anteriorly to the anus posteriorly. And is composed of fibrous and muscular tissues that support pelvic structures.
  • 12.
  • 13. Internal Female Structures Vagina Uterus Fallopian tubes Ovaries
  • 14.
  • 15. Fallopian tubes The two tubes extended from the cornu of the uterus to the ovary. It runs in the upper free border of the broad ligament. Length 8 to 14 cm average 10 cm Its divided into 4 parts.
  • 16.
  • 17. 1. Interstitial part Which runs into uterine cavity, passes through the myometrium between the fundus and body of the uterus. About 1-2cm in length.
  • 18. 2. Isthmus Which is the narrow part of the tube adjacent to the uterus. Straight and cord like , about 2 – 3 cm in length.
  • 19. 3. Ampulla Which is the wider part about 5 cm in length. Fertilization occurs in the ampulla.
  • 20. 4. Infundibulum It is funnel or trumpet shaped. Fimbriae are fingerlike processes, one of these is longer than the other and adherent to the ovary. The fimbriae become swollen almost erectile at ovulation.
  • 21. Functions Gamete transport (ovum pickup, ovum transport, sperm transport). Final maturation of gamete post ovulate oocyte maturation, sperm capicitation.
  • 22. Fluid environment for early embryonic development. Transport of fertilized and unfertilized ovum to the uterus.
  • 23. Ovaries Oval solid structure, 1.5 cm in thickness, 2.5 cm in width and 3.5 cm in length respectively. Each weights about 4–8 gm. Ovary is located on each side of the uterus, below and behind the uterine tubes
  • 24. Structure of the ovaries Cortex Medulla Hilum
  • 25. Ovaries and Relationship to Uterine Tube and Uterus Figure 28–14
  • 26. Function of the ovary Secrete estrogen & progesterone. Production of ova
  • 27. Uterus The uterus is a hollow, pear shaped muscular organ. The uterus measures about 7.5 X 5 X 2.5 cm and weight about 50 – 60 gm.
  • 28. Its normal position is anteverted (rotated forward and slightly antiflexed (flexed forward) The uterus divided into three parts
  • 29. 1. Body of the uterus The upper part is the corpus, or body of the uterus The fundus is the part of the body or corpus above the area where the fallopian tubes enter the uterus. Length about 5 cm.
  • 30. 2. Isthmus A narrower transition zone. Is between the corpus of the uterus and cervix. During late pregnancy, the isthmus elongates and is known as the lower uterine segment.
  • 31. 3. Cervix The lowermost position of the uterus “neck”. The length of the cervix is about 2.5 t0 3 cm.
  • 32. The os, is the opening in the cervix that runs between the uterus and vagina. The upper part of the cervix is marked by internal os and the lower cervix is marked by the external os.
  • 33. Layers of the uterus  Perimetrium.  Myometrium.  Endometrium.
  • 34.
  • 35. 1. Perimetrium Is the outer peritoneal layer of serous membrane that covers most of the uterus.
  • 36. Laterally, the perimetrium is continuous with the broad ligaments on either side of the uterus.
  • 37. 2. Myometrium Is the middle layer of thick muscle. Most of the muscle fibers are concentrated in the upper uterus, and their number diminishes progressively toward the cervix.
  • 38. The myometrium contains three types of smooth muscle fiber
  • 39. Longitudinal fibers (outer layer) Which are found mostly in the fundus and are designed to expel the fetus efficiently toward the pelvic outlet during birth.
  • 40. Middle layer figure-8 fibers These fiber contract after birth to compress the blood vessels that pass between them to limit blood loss.
  • 41. Inner layer circular fibers Which form constrictions where the fallopian tubes enter the uterus and surround the internal os Circular fibers prevent reflux of menstrual blood and tissue into the fallopian tubes.
  • 42. Promote normal implantation of the fertilized ovum by controlling its entry into the uterus. And retain the fetus until the appropriate time of birth.
  • 43. 3. Endometrium Is the inner layer of the uterus. It is responsive to the cyclic variations of estrogen and progesterone during the female reproductive cycle every month.
  • 44. The two or three layers of the endometrium are: *Compact layer *The basal layer *The functional or Sponge layer this layer is shed during each menstrual period and after child birth in the lochia
  • 45. The Function of the uterus Menstruation ----the uterus sloughs off the endometrium. Pregnancy ---the uterus support fetus and allows the fetus to grow.
  • 46. Labor and birth---the uterine muscles contract and the cervix dilates during labor to expel the fetus
  • 47. Vagina It is an elastic fibro-muscular tube and membranous tissue about 8 to 10 cm long. Lying between the bladder anteriorly and the rectum posteriorly.
  • 48. The vagina connects the uterus above with the vestibule below. The upper end is blind and called the vaginal vault.
  • 49. The vaginal lining has multiple folds, or rugae and muscle layer. These folds allow the vagina to stretch considerably during childbirth.
  • 50. The reaction of the vagina is acidic, the pH is 4.5 that protects the vagina against infection.
  • 51. Functions of the vagina To allow discharge of the menstrual flow. As the female organs of coitus. To allow passage of the fetus from the uterus.
  • 52. Support structures The bony pelvis support and protects the lower abdominal and internal reproductive organs.
  • 53. Muscle, Joints and ligaments provide added support for internal organs of the pelvis against the downward force of gravity and the increases in intra-abdominal pressure
  • 54. Bony Pelvis Bony Pelvis Is Composed of 4 bones: 1. Two hip bones. 2. Sacrum. 3. Coccyx.
  • 55. 1. Two hip bones. Each or hip bone is composed of three bones: *Ilium *Ischium *Pubis
  • 56. *Ilium It is the flared out part. The greater part of its inner aspect is smooth and concave, forming the iliac fossa. The upper border of the ilium is called iliac crest
  • 57. *Ischium It is the thick lower part. It has a large prominence known as the ischial tuberosity on which the body rests while sitting.
  • 58. Behind and little above the tuberosity is an inward projection the ischial spine.
  • 59. 2. Sacrum Is a wedge shaped bone consisting of five vertebrae. The anterior surface of the sacrum is concave The upper border of the first sacral vertebra known as the sacral promontory
  • 60. 3. Coccyx.  Consists of four vertebrae forming a small triangular bone.