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-types of questions asked
-marks distribution and weightage
-duration of training
-minimum eligibility criteria
-IAS, IFS, IPS
-Schedule for 2016 exams
Indian civil services
• Recruitment – synonymous with "hiring" in American
English – refers to the overall process of attracting,
selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either
permanent or temporary) within an organization.
• In the words of Dale Yoder, “Recruiting is a process to
discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements
of the staffing schedule and to employ effective measures
for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to
facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force.”
• The Union Public Service Commission
(UPSC) is India’s central agency authorized to
conduct the Civil Service Examination,
Engineering Services Examination, Combined
Defense Services Examination, etc.
• The Civil Services Examination offers widest
range of jobs in our country and is conducted
by the Union Public Service Commission.
• Some of the top
services offered by
this examination are:
IAS, IFS, IPS, IRS,
• Civil Services Examination is conducted for
recruitment of candidates for 24 different posts for a
certain number of vacancies.
• For Civil Services 2013, there are a total of 1000
• Newspapers, television and official website of UPSC
i.e. www.upsc.gov.in starts showing notifications of
release date of application form and examination date.
• Application forms are released at the end of May and
to be filled till the end of June. Well the date keeps on
changing on yearly basis i.e. this year application
form have to be filled up to 19 June,2015.
• e-Admission Certificate: The eligible candidates are
issued an e-Admission Certificate three weeks before
the commencement of the examination.
• The selection process consists of two
• The first stage is Civil Services
• TYPE: objective
• The Civil Services (Prelims) exam will
have two objective type papers. Each
of the two papers carries a total of 200
marks. Each paper is of 2hr duration.
• This exam is only a screening test. It
implies that the marks that you score
in the Preliminary exam will not be
carried forward for final merit list.
• Preliminary exam marks are useful in
taking you to the Main exam.
• The second stage is the Main Examination.
• The number of candidates admitted to the
MAIN examination (Written Test &
Interview) is usually 12 to 13 times the
number of vacancies.
• The Written test comprises nine papers
(which includes two qualifying papers and
seven compulsory papers) of conventional
• As per the notification released by UPSC in March
2013, each of the seven compulsory papers carries
250 marks. Thus, the maximum possible marks
obtainable in all the seven compulsory papers put
together are 1750.
• The interview carries 275 marks. Marks,
thus, obtained by candidates in the MAIN
examination and the interview combined
(out of a maximum possible 2025) will
determine their final ranking.
• Candidates will be allotted various
services keeping this final ranking and
their individual preferences.
• Types of questions asked:
1. Questions about you: The interviewers
ask questions directly about you from your
resume/CV. Meaning of your name, your
hobbies, your qualifications, your
hometown etc can be covered.
2. Current affairs: Anything and
everything in the past 5 years may be asked.
3. Static information: Information about
politics, economics, general knowledge,
knowledge of your specific field is asked.
4. Situational questions: You will most
certainly be asked why you are interested
in the Civil Services. Other questions may
include how you will deal with specific
situations in the line of work if selected.
The Personality test will be
scored on the basis of the
• Mental alertness
• Critical powers of
• Clear and logical exposition
• Social traits
• Interest and knowledge of
• Balance of judgment
• Variety and depth of interest
• Ability for social cohesion
• Leadership skills
• Intellectual and moral
• The MAIN examination and the interview combined
(out of a maximum possible 2025) will determine their
final ranking. The candidate is then selected
• Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
• Indian Forest Service (IFS)
• Indian Police Service (IPS)
• A congratulatory message from MOS is then send to
the candidates who are selected
The image below shows the congratulatory message of
• In case of 88% respondents, their present
service was amongst the first five choices.
For 95% IFS officers, 98% IAS officers and
90% officers of IPS, their present service was
among the first five choices. However, the
same holds true for only 44% Indian Postal
Service officers and 46% IRPS officers.
• Thus, candidates are selected and the post is
allotted according to the marks scored by
each of them.
• The training time varies for every post
i.e. for 75 weeks for IAS, for IFS 36
months, for IPS 2 years which used to
be 5 months earlier, etc.
After the selected candidates
complete their training, they are
placed to various different cities.
1. Age Criteria
• According to the Department of Administrative
Reforms and Public Grievances, the upper age
limit will be
• 37 years for SC/ST candidates with unlimited
number of attempts
• 35 years for OBC with 9 attempts
• 32 for the unreserved (general) category with 6
2. Academic Criteria
• The candidate must hold a degree of any
of Universities incorporated by an Act of
the Central or State Legislature in India.
• Candidates who have passed the final year
of MBBS or any Medical Examination
but are yet to complete the internship can
also appear for the Main Examination.
3. Nationality Criteria:
• For IAS and IPS, a candidate must be a citizen of
• For other services, a candidate must be either :—
a citizen of India, or
a subject of Nepal, or
a subject of Bhutan, or
a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before
1st January, 1962 with the intention of
permanently settling in India, or
A person of Indian origin who has
migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri
Lanka, East African countries of Kenya,
Uganda, the United Republic of
Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire,
Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention
of permanently settling in India.
Restrictions on applying for the
• A candidate who is appointed to IAS or the IFS on the
results of an earlier examination and continues to be a
member of that service will not be eligible to compete at
• If appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the
Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2015 but before the
result thereof and continues to be a member of that
service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to
any service/post on the basis of the result of this
examination viz. Civil Services Examination, 2015.
PROMOTIONS TO THE
1. Determination of Vacancies:
The selection process for recruitment to the
All India Services for any recruitment year of
a State/Cadre begins with the determination
of the promotional vacancies by the Central
Government in consultation with the State
2. Proposals for convening Meetings of the
Selection Committee (SCM):
The proposal is examined by the Commission
and the eligibility of officers is verified vis-vis
the provisions of the Regulations. After the
proposal is complete in all respects, the
Commission convene a meeting of the
Selection Committee. State Govt forwards the
3. Meetings of the Selection Committee (SCM)
and its procedures
4. Approval of the Select List by the
Commission and its validity:
• The list as approved by the Commission
forms the Select List which shall remain in
force till the 31st day of December of the
year in which the meeting of the Selection
Committee is held.
5. Appointments to the All India
After the Select List has been approved,
the Central Government notifies the same
and also take steps to appoint the Select
List officers to the respective All India
• At present there are three modes of
recruitment to IAS viz
(i) Through Civil Services Exam
conducted by UPSC every year;
(ii) Through promotion of State
Civil Service officers to IAS; and
(iii) Through selection of non - State Civil Service
• Roughly 66(1/3%) posts are meant for Direct
Recruitment and 33 (1/3%) posts are meant for
• Both Direct Recruit as well as promote IAS
officers are imparted probationary training
at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of
• There is provision for 'mandatory Mid
Career Training for IAS officers spread
across the entire service span.
At present there are three modes of
recruitment to the Indian Police Service.
These are as follows:
• Through Civil Services Examination
• Through Limited Competitive Examination
• Through appointment of State Police Service
officers by promotion.
• Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police
Academy is the Indian national institute for
training of Indian Police Service .The academy
is in Hyderabad, India.
• The trained officers will be posted as Assistant
Superintendent of Police (ASP) in their
respective states under whom the other sub-
ranks of police force will be working.
• Training begins at the Lal Bahadur Shastri
National Academy of
Administration in Mussoorie, where
members of many elite Indian civil service
organizations are trained.
• After completion, the probationers join
the Foreign Service Institute in New
Delhi for more training as well as
attachments with different government
bodies and tours both in India and abroad.
• It has a three-stage selection process
spanning nearly seven months.
• In 2014, 4.5 lakh (450,000) aspirants
appeared for the combined preliminary
examination, out of which 79 were finally
selected for IFS; this selection percentage of
less than 0.02 per cent makes it one of the
toughest open competitive exams conducted