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The story traces the life of David Copperfield from
childhood to maturity. David was born six months
after the death of his father. David spends his early
years with his mother and their housekeeper, Peggotty.
When he is seven years old his mother marries Edward
Murdstone attempts to thrash David for falling behind
in his studies. David bites him and soon afterwards is
sent away to a boarding school, Salem House, with a
ruthless headmaster, Mr. Creakle. There he becomes
friend to James Steerforth and Tommy Traddles.
David returns home for the holidays to learn that his mother
has given birth to a baby boy. Shortly after David returns to
Salem House, his mother and her baby die, and David
returns home immediately.
David marries the beautiful but naïve Dora
Spenlow, who dies after failing to recover
from a miscarriage early in their marriage.
David then searches his soul and marries the
sensible Agnes Wickfield, who had always
loved him and with whom he finds true
happiness. David and Agnes then have at
least four children, including a daughter
named after his aunt Betsey Trotwood.
Oliver Twist was born into a life of poverty and misfortune in a
workhouse in an unnamed town
Orphaned almost from his first breath by his mother's death in
childbirth and his father's unexplained absence.
Oliver is meagerly provided for under the terms of the Poor Law, and
spends the first nine years of his life at a baby farm in the 'care' of a
woman named Mrs. Mann.
Oliver is brought up with little food and few comforts. Around the time
of Oliver's ninth birthday, Mr. Bumble, the parish beadle, removes
Oliver from the baby farm and puts him to work picking and weaving
oakum at the main workhouse.
Oliver, who toils with very little food, remains in the workhouse for six
months. One day, the desperately hungry boys decide to draw lots; the
loser must ask for another portion of gruel. The task falls to Oliver, who
at the next meal tremblingly comes up forward, bowl in hand, and begs
Mr. Bumble for gruel with his famous request: "Please, sir, I want
A brutal chimney sweep almost claims Oliver.
However, when he begs despairingly not to be sent
away with "that dreadful man", a kindly old magistrate
refuses to sign the indentures. Later, Mr. Sowerberry,
an undertaker employed by the parish, takes Oliver
into his service. He treats Oliver better, and because of
the boy's sorrowful countenance, uses him as a
mourner at children's funerals.
• Oliver is introduced to a criminal gang led by a Jewish criminal known
• Ensnared, Oliver lives with Fagin and his gang of juvenile pickpockets
in their lair at Saffron Hill for some time, unaware of their criminal
occupations. He believes they make wallets and handkerchiefs.
• During his journey to London, Oliver encounters Jack Dawkins, a
pickpocket more commonly known by the nickname the "Artful Dodger"
and his sidekick, Charley Bates,
A Christmas Carol is a novella by English author Charles
Dickens, first published by Chapman & Hall on 19
December 1843 It tells the story of bitter old miser
Ebenezer Scrooge and his transformation resulting from
supernatural visits by Jacob Marley and the Ghosts of
Christmases Past, Present and Yet to Come.
NOTE: A novella is a written, fictional, prose narrative normally longer
than a short story but shorter than a novel. The English word "novella"
derives from the Italian "novella", feminine of "novello", which means
"new".The novella is a common literary genre in several European
The tale begins on a "cold, bleak, biting" Christmas Eve
exactly seven years after the death of Scrooge's business
partner Jacob Marley. Scrooge, an old miser, is established
within the first stave as "a squeezing, wrenching, grasping,
scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner!" He hates
At home that night, Scrooge is visited by Marley's ghost,
who is forever cursed to wander the earth dragging a
network of heavy chains, forged during a lifetime of greed
Marley tells Scrooge that he will be visited by three spirits
that night, and that he must listen to them or be cursed to
carry chains of his own