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OER: Equity and Effectiveness in Education

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Presented at the UNESCO International Congress on ICT in Education. Qingdao, China. June 2016.

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OER: Equity and Effectiveness in Education

  1. 1. OER: Equity and Effectiveness in Education David Wiley, PhD Chief Academic Officer, Lumen Learning
  2. 2. Unless otherwise noted this presentation is licensed CC BY 4.0 Download slides from slideshare.net/opencontent
  3. 3. How do we fully leverage ICT in education?
  4. 4. Share and Collaborate, Freely
  5. 5. Share and Collaborate, Freely
  6. 6. Copyright law prevents us from fully leveraging the power of ICT
  7. 7. Copyright restricts our ability to share with each other and collaborate
  8. 8. price = 1 / supply
  9. 9. with digital, supply is infinite price => $0
  10. 10. © keeps prices of digital educational materials artificially high
  11. 11. What ICT Makes Possible © Makes Illegal and Expensive
  12. 12. use copyright licenses to enable sharing
  13. 13. Open Educational Resources
  14. 14. Which “open”?
  15. 15. open ≈ free
  16. 16. free is assumed online
  17. 17. Free Open
  18. 18. open = free + permissions
  19. 19. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable 5R permissions
  20. 20. • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  21. 21. What ICT Makes Possible OER Makes Legal and Free
  22. 22. OER give us permission to fully leverage ICT in education
  23. 23. “beautiful” “delicious” “quality”
  24. 24. quality effective
  25. 25. A Multi-Institutional Study of the Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on the Learning Outcomes of Post- secondary Students Fischer, Hilton, Robinson, and Wiley Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  26. 26. Participants • 4,909 treatment • 11,818 control • 50 different undergraduate courses • 130 teachers • 10 institutions
  27. 27. Methodology Quasi-experimental design with: • Propensity score matched groups • Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better; Credits Enrolled This Term; Credits Enrolled Next Term • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 3 covariates: age, gender, and race
  28. 28. Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  29. 29. Credits Taken Semester OER Users Others Result Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01 Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 154.08, p <.01 Journal of Computing in Higher Education (2015)
  30. 30. OER Degrees When all courses adopt OER so a student can graduate without ever being asked to buy a textbook
  31. 31. Over 50 US colleges have launched OER Degree programs
  32. 32. Improving Course Throughput Rates and Open Educational Resources: Results from the Z Degree Program at Tidewater Community College Hilton, Fischer, Wiley, and Williams Accepted International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning
  33. 33. Course Throughput Rate IRRODL (in press) Drop Deadline Withdraw Deadline Final Grade 35,000 Students
  34. 34. 2.3% 1.8% 9.9% 8.1% 68% 74% Face to Face Courses 60% | 66% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press) OERTraditional
  35. 35. 4.0% 1.4% 13.7% 13.1% 66% 70% 54% | 60% Drop Withdraw C or Better CTR IRRODL (in press) Online Courses OERTraditional
  36. 36. openedgroup.org/review
  37. 37. Sustainability of OER
  38. 38. Sustainable models for: 1. Creating OER 2. Continuously improving OER 3. Translating and localizing OER
  39. 39. Disposable Assignments Students do the homework Faculty grade the homework Students throw away the homework
  40. 40. 120,000,000 postsecondary students worldwide spend 14,000,000,000 hours doing homework every year
  41. 41. 120,000,000 postsecondary students worldwide spend 14,000,000,000 hours doing homework every year If faculty spend 5 minutes grading for every hour students spend on homework, that’s 1.2B hours every year
  42. 42. Renewable Assignments Students create and improve OER Faculty edit students’ work Students share their work as OER
  43. 43. PM4ID
  44. 44. Everyone wants to make a difference
  45. 45. OER give us permission to fully leverage ICT in education to: 1. Improve affordability, 2. Improve student success, 3. Invigorate pedagogy, and 4. Impact at scale
  46. 46. david@lumenlearning.com Download slides from slideshare.net/opencontent

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