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Crowdsourcing and Cultural Heritage Collections

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Survey and best practices for LAM organizations interested in crowdsourcing.

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Crowdsourcing and Cultural Heritage Collections

  1. 1. Crowdsourcing and Cultural Heritage Collections Loren Fantin, OurDigitalWorld Presentation to Archives and Special Collections Class Durham College, November 13, 2015
  2. 2. Agenda Quick intro Community collections in action ** Ask questions anytime and/or contact me: lfantin@ourdigitalworld.org
  3. 3. OurDigitalWorld Discovery and access: ● Ourontario.ca ● News portals (ink.ourdigitalworld.org and news.ourontario.ca) ● govdocs.ourontario.ca • Digital collections management and hosting • Newspaper projects, project management, expertise
  4. 4. Our mission Advocating digital cultural heritage as a public good: sharing, access, attribution, reuse.
  5. 5. Why? “open” cultural heritage collections ✓ We manage (create/collect) our collections in a networked environment – it is shared and distributed (“web-scaled”) ✓ “Our role is to be cultural stewards (not cultural hoarders).” [Tweet]
  6. 6. Act locally, think globally
  7. 7. Crowdsourcing
  8. 8. Libraries, Archives and Musuems (LAMs) and “Crowdsourcing” •  Opportunity to interact meaningfully with our collections •  Digital collections should be an exercise in community/civic engagement – contribute to public memory (building the “community” archive)
  9. 9. “Who is Harry Badger?” h"p://images.ourontario.ca/Partners/hcma/HCMA0728281T.pdf  
  10. 10. Making connections
  11. 11. Community
  12. 12. The User (Community) Experience     •  Digital objects are social assets – how can the community interact? With the collections and with each other? •  Who is the community that you are trying to reach or represent? •  How can community knowledge be linked to the digital asset and become part of the metadata?
  13. 13. Public expectations and re-use “People assume the right to co-opt and redistribute institutional content, not just to look at it. They seek opportunities for creative expression, both self-directed and in response to the media they consume. They want to be respected and responded to because of their unique interests. They crave the chance to be recognized by and connected to sympathetic communities around the world. These shifts will change the way that cultural institutions of all types, from museums to libraries to for- profit ‘experience vendors,’ do business.” h"p://www.parBcipatorymuseum.org/imagining/  
  14. 14. Questions?
  15. 15. Repurpose, re-use of data Create once, use many times in different spaces requires: ✓ Smart data (structured, linked) and ✓ Data portability (export, crosswalks, permissions)
  16. 16. “Metadata is a love note to the future” Christine Orr
  17. 17. Metadata = more options
  18. 18. Unique (Resource Identifier) (URI) • As part of metadata, need a way to uniquely identify the resource • Needs to be identifiable outside of the context in which the record was created, as part of the web ecosystem • Essential component for linked open data
  19. 19. URLs (Semantic aka “Clean”) “We strongly believe in the URL as interface. It’s nice to be able to read a URL and guess what it might bring back.” h"p://collecBons.vam.ac.uk/informaBon/informaBon_apigeHngstarted  
  20. 20. Platform (Tools) •  Cloud based or hosted? •  Open source or proprietary? •  Interactive options for community engagement? •  Optimized for web discovery and devices (semantic web)? •  Exportable options?
  21. 21. A real-life tale
  22. 22. Questions?
  23. 23. Crowdsourcing community collections in practice… Cultural heritage collections contribute to public memory by building the “community” archive. Crowdsourcing around those collections invites meaningful community and civic engagement.
  24. 24. Capturing community collections • Analog scanning via digitization days • Web uploads of individual items • Curating community contributions • Comments • Transcriptions
  25. 25. Scanning day reveals local ghost town!
  26. 26. “Community”  archives  
  27. 27. Photo by David Carson, dcarson@post-dispatch.com
  28. 28. Capturing community knowledge • Comments • Questions • Crowdsourcing metadata via tools and transcriptions
  29. 29. Tagging  
  30. 30. The  “CiBzen”  
  31. 31. TranscripBon  
  32. 32. Questions?
  33. 33. Metadata capture from the crowd: form
  34. 34. Augmenting metadata
  35. 35. Transcription
  36. 36. ✓ Metadata capture • Capture as much data as you can at the moment • Adhere to standards • Use a template or form • Enrich the metadata being captured
  37. 37. Terms and permissions
  38. 38. “Standard” permissions
  39. 39. Evolving rights framework Flickr offering Creative Commons licensing since 2004 1)  option of being able to tag an item as being in the Public Domain 2)  CC0 – waive copyright and place in the public domain
  40. 40. ✓  Permissions and Rights • You need the correct set of rights at moment of contribution • Have options in your agreement • Either written permission or I agree checkmark • In plain language so contributor understands what they are agreeing to • Adhere to standards like Creative Commons
  41. 41. User-Contributed Content and “Local” Collections
  42. 42. Communities/Collaboration/Engagement
  43. 43. Collaboration and Engagement Benefits •  Achieve goals your organization couldn’t achieve on its own •  Engage with the community in new ways •  Use the expertise and knowledge of the “crowd” •  Improve data – improve the quality, add additional information, make it searchable •  Allow community to engage with the collections and each other in new ways
  44. 44. Creating “value”, cultural heritage is… •  Trusting •  Participatory •  Connections between collections (data) between collections and people between people around our collections •  Sustainable
  45. 45. Resources A Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections: http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/documents.php?view= File naming: https://dmptool.org/dm_guidance#types CDL Digital File Format Recommendations: http://www.cdlib.org/gateways/docs/cdl_dffr.pdf Data Management: http://guides.library.ualberta.ca/content.php?pid=524929&sid=4389852 Linked Open Data – What is it? (Video): https://vimeo.com/36752317
  46. 46. Resources Copyright FAQ: http://ourdigitalworld.org/services/resources/general-rules-for-canadian- copyright/ Open Content: A Practical Guide to Creative Commons: https://www.unesco.de/fileadmin/medien/Dokumente/Kommunikation/ Open_Content_A_Practical_Guide_to_Using_Open_Content_Licences _web.pdf
  47. 47. Act locally, think globally
  48. 48. Better story http://sarahwerner.net/blog/2015/07/how-to- destroy-special-collections-with-social-media/
  49. 49. ourdigitalworld.org @ODWorg odw@ourdigitalworld.org we are also on Facebook Thank you!