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Why Womens Health Matters

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Why Womens Health Matters

  1. 1. Ann McSwain, RN, MSN, CCRN, CCNS, APRN, BC
  2. 2. Food for Thought <ul><li>What does research say about women’s health? </li></ul><ul><li>How does your gender affect your health? </li></ul><ul><li>How does your culture affect your health? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the differences between men’s and women's health? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why look at WOMEN’S health? <ul><li>Women make health care decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Women spend health care dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Women are role models for family members </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s bodies, thoughts, attitudes, actions, and “world” are VERY different than those of men’s </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>2/3 of women are solely responsible for family health care decisions </li></ul><ul><li>72% of informal caregivers are women </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s health issues are different </li></ul><ul><li>than men’s </li></ul><ul><li>More women lack health care coverage than men </li></ul><ul><li>Health providers may not provide the same level of care for women as they do for men </li></ul><ul><li>Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health (2001). Women’s Health Issues: An Overview . Available at http://www.4woman.gov . </li></ul>
  5. 5. A woman’s health is a reflection of her… <ul><li>Family genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Social norms </li></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment </li></ul><ul><li>Daily actions and thoughts </li></ul>
  6. 6. Some differences can be explained… <ul><li>Culture – low self-esteem, stress, lack of assertiveness, less active, male decision-making, female roles (family needs come 1 st ) </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers – lower income, less insurance, child/parent care responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes – emphasis on physical appearance, lower educational expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones – may protect against heart disease, but after menopause there is more risk </li></ul><ul><li>… And some have not yet been discovered! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question to Ponder >>> <ul><li>How often do you ask your health care providers if medications might affect women differently or work differently in women? </li></ul><ul><li>Always </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>Almost never </li></ul><ul><li>Never </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question to Ponder >>> <ul><li>How often do you ask your pharmacist if medications might affect women differently or work differently in women? </li></ul><ul><li>Always </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>Almost never </li></ul><ul><li>Never </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question to Ponder >>> <ul><li>How often do you read the label of medications to see if they might affect women differently or work differently in women? </li></ul><ul><li>Always </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>Almost never </li></ul><ul><li>Never </li></ul>
  10. 10. Note: Includes women and men ages 15 and older. Source: US Census Bureau, August 2006 American Community Survey Reports. Women Men Median Income, by Sex, 2006 $32,649 $42,210 Wage Gap Persists… Throughout Lifetime
  11. 11. Note: Includes women and men ages 18 to 64. Source: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Kaiser Women’s Health Survey , 2004. Barriers to Health Services, by Gender, 2004 27% 21% 14% 11% 22% 15% Women Men Had health problem and needed to see doctor but did not Unable to see a specialist when needed Could not afford to fill a prescription Access to Health Services Is a Problem for Many
  12. 12. Women’s Health Care Needs, by Age, 2004 Source: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Kaiser Women’s Health Survey , 2004 23% 50% 59% 9% 18% 22% 23% 26% 16% Chronic Condition That Requires Ongoing Treatment Disability or Limiting Illness Diagnosis of Anxiety/Depression 18 to 44 45 to 64 65+ Women’s Health Care Needs Change With Age
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ When women are fully involved, the benefits can be seen immediately: families are healthier, they are better fed, their income, savings and reinvestments go up. And what is true of families is true of communities and eventually whole countries.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General </li></ul>

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