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Reform of Services and Finances for Adults with Autism

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Reform of Services and Finances for Adults with Autism

  1. 1. Advocacy for Adult Programs for Moderate to Severe Autism in the US <ul><li>Noël Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>CHHS 302 </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul>
  2. 2. Professional Interest <ul><li>I have been working in the field of Autism for the past two years providing ABA(applied behavioral analysis) therapy to children with moderate to severe Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). </li></ul><ul><li>While these children make great strides, I am concerned what the future holds for them. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Quick Background <ul><li>Autism spectrum Disorder is a developmental disability characterized by social and communication deficits as well as repetitive behaviors (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>Most children are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) around age three but can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. </li></ul><ul><li>No known cure or specific cause. </li></ul>http://www.scientificamerican.com/blog/post.cfm?id=can-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-help-2009-03-13
  4. 4. Critical Situation <ul><li>Recent rising rates of ASD will put a strain on adult services and funding as they become adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Services that will be needed are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment/Income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Help/Personal Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical (The Legislative Blue Ribbon Commission on Autism, 2006) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Rhetorical Timing <ul><li>According to the CDC, 1 in every 110 children has ASD(Center for Disease Control and Preventions, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>70% of those who have ASD in the US population are under the age of 14 (Lainer, 2010, p. 1). </li></ul><ul><li>These statistics indicate that the adult population with ASD will be increasing. </li></ul>http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_-fDgmU7S43o/TQKe52UU37I/AAAAAAAABjU /X5G-lOpZiiw/s400/HourGlass-001.jpg
  6. 6. <ul><li>It is important to look at current trends to get a better understanding of the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 1.5 million individuals in the US have ASD and most agencies, such as the CDC, report that the rates are on the rise (Craig J. Newschaffer, 2003, p. 285). </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that the “ societal cost ” for an individual with ASD is 3.2 million dollars over their lifetime along with 35 billion for the entire population with the condition (Michael L. Ganz, 2007, p. 348). </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational rehabilitation (VR) services has reported a 121 percent increase from 2002 to 2006 in Autism cases (Cimera, 2009, p. 291). </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment/underemployment rates for individuals with ASD have been reported to be over 90% (Lainer, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>It is clear that there is a rise in individuals with ASD and that there is also high cost affecting the state and federal agencies programs and funding. </li></ul>Summary of Research
  7. 7. Community Connection <ul><li>The following agencies and services will be impacted in the rise of adults with ASD: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medicaid/Medical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State Vocational Rehabilitation Programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Some of the agencies are already aware of the increasing rates and better funding allocation towards effective programs needs to occur before the impact becomes worse. </li></ul>
  8. 8. References Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, June 24). Autism Spectrum Disorders . Retrieved February 22, 2011, from Center for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html Cimera, R. (2009). The costs of services and employment outcomes achieved by adults with autism in the US. autism , 285–302. Craig J. Newschaffer, P. (2003). Autism: An Emerging Public Health Problem. Public Health Reports , 393-399. Lainer, P. F. (2010). Addressing the Needs of Adolescents and Adults with Autism: A Crisis on the Horizon. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy , 37-45. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2010, July 28). Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) . Retrieved February 22, 2011, from National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/asd.cfm Michael L. Ganz, M. P. (2007). The Lifetime Distribution of the Incremental Societal Costs of Autism. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine , 343-349. The Legislative Blue Ribbon Commission on Autism. (2006, September). A comprehensive service system for adults with autism spectrum disorders . Retrieved February 22, 2011, from California State Senate: http://senweb03.senate.ca.gov/autism/documents/meetingsevents/ Revised_COMPREHENSIVE%20SERVICES%20FOR%20ADULTS.pdf
  9. 9. Thank You! <ul><li>Any Questions? </li></ul>