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Abstract Expressionism

  1. Noelle Milad Rachel Trulock Claire Cousino “A painting is not about experience, it is an experience.”
  2. Summary  Main Influences:  Surrealism, cubism, impressionism  Historical Context:  WWII, Great Depression  Main Artists  Pollock, de Kooning, Kline, Rothko  Public reaction
  3. Quick review:  Cubism- Geometric shapes, sharp lines, didn‟t paint with natural lines  Picasso  Impressionism- Ordinary scenes, played with the lighting of the scene  Manet  Surrealism  Dali, Ernst
  4. Great Depression  Works Progress Administration (WPA)  Tried (somewhat successfully) to get U.S. out of Great Depression  Optimistic  Federal Art Project  Government hired artists to paint murals (just and example) and bring hope to the people
  5. World War II  Genocide of Jewish culture  Affected Rothko specifically  Expressed opinion against totalitarian government control in Europe  Showed their pessimism and negative feelings  Showed violence to mirror wartime.  “Their brutality of their art was screaming out of rage at what their world had become.”
  6. Naked Man with Knife, 1938-1940, Pollock
  7. Action painting Artists:  Jackson Pollock  Willem de Kooning  Franz Kline: Lead into color field  Techniques  Used various tools, unconventional tools  Drip painting (Pollock), swiping brushes across canvas
  8. Action Painting •Motive- wanted to evoke strong emotion •Wanted to be a part of the painting •Used large canvases m/watch?v=bSjY4e7Nq To (2:13) Jackson Pollock
  9. Jackson Pollock (1912- 1956)  Troubled childhood  Lived in New York City  Worked on the Federal Art Project (Great Depression).  Dealt with severe alcoholism; died in a drinking and driving accident
  10. Jackson Pollock  Drip painting: 1947-1950  Used wall paints (fluid paint, muted colors, unconventional applicators, unprimed and un-stretched, large canvas)  Defined “drip painting” as a type of action painting.  Wanted to be “in” the paintings.
  11. No.5 1948, Pollock, 1948
  12. Blue Poles, Pollock, 1952
  13. Convergence, Pollock (1952) “I can control the flow of the paint, there is no accident.”
  14. Willem de Kooning (1904-1997)  Sculptures and paintings  Started as a commercial artist  Federal Art Project (1935-1939)  Murals
  15. Willem de Kooning  Subjects of paintings are easily recognizable, unlike other abstract expressionists.  Women series is his most famous works  Applied paint in aggressive manners
  16. Woman, de Kooning (1950)
  17. Excavation, de Kooning (1950)
  18. Women and Bicycle, de Kooning (1953)
  19. Franz Kline (1910-1962)  Childhood upbringing influenced his aggressive painting style  Influenced by wife‟s illness  Didn‟t have a meaning behind what was painted on the canvas  Black and white paintings  Avoided bright colors
  20. Chief, Kline (1950)
  21. Painting No. 2, Kline (1954)
  22. Mahoning, Kline (1956)
  23. Color field Artists:  Franz Kline  Mark Rothko  Techniques  Blocks of bright colors  Huge canvases  Motive- Evoke intense emotional reaction  Emotion- The color in the painting
  24. Paintings were typically very large and painted on big canvases Mark Rothko
  25. Mark Rothko (1903-1970)  Born in Latvia, moved to the U.S.  Attended Yale  Dropped out because of the elitist feelings there.  Worked with Jackson Pollock.
  26. Mark Rothko  He looked at art as something that is inspired from one‟s feelings within.  Wanted to expose and bring out reality to the viewer.  Painted to represent a single idea that summarized all the ideas of human feelings such as human values.
  27. White Center, Rothko (1950)
  28. No. 10, Rothko (1950)
  29. No. 2, Rothko (1951)
  30. Public Reaction  Generally accepted by the public  Appreciated the reality of the society coming out through the art.  Liked by the art community  Boosted the public„s morale
  31. After Abstract Expressionism  Pop art  Andy Warhol  Minimalism  Was the transition between modernism and postmoderism

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Talk about drip painting here and techniques