REVIEW OF LITERATURE
A study was conducted on welfare measures by KIRABAKARAN (1983) his findings
are as follows Dunlop India Ltd, has under taken a number of welfare measures in addition to
statutory provision. Majority of the workers and staff are satisfied about the welfare facilities
provided by the concern.
S.KUMAR (1993), “A study on the Labour welfare measures in AFT Ltd Pondy”. The
author concluded the objective of the study is to find out the welfare facilities provided on the
AFT and the employee’s suggestion and opinion about welfare measures by using structure
questionnaire and by concluding personal simple random sample for a sample of 100. The study
revealed the welfare measure provided by the company was adequate except for a few systems
like housing scheme and pension scheme.
JOHRI C.K AND SHARMA D.I, “Financing and administration of labour welfare” Sri
Ram centres for industrial relation 1968, New Delhi. Analysis on the lines of important aspect to
be much more deficient is considered as a favor by the employer to employee in terms of
providing facilities like having education and recreation.
R.NAJEED (1996), “labour welfare measure in Tanjore Corporation spinning mills,
Manalmedu”.The main objective of his study is to identify the worker welfare measure and to
analysis the problem in the implementation of the welfare measure to identify the need for
improved working condition. Labour welfare may be viewed as total concept, as a social concept
and as a relative concept.
K.Srikanth – July 2004. “The productivity of an organization is dependent on
occupational health and employee well being”. He concluded the research addressing
occupational health and employee well being concentrates on 4 major areas in organizational
psychology, job insecurity, work hours, control at work and managerial style. The heightened
pressure can impact their behavior towards employees.
S.K.SRIVASTRA (2004) in a study on “Impact of labour welfare on employee attitudes
and job satisfaction”, found that, if the management goes on working for welfare of labourers,
the labourers feel satisfied with their job and the get the motivation towards their work. For the
study two hundred workers were selected from private and public sector with the help of
incidental sampling method and both the sectors have been taken from Kanpur city. Further the
result of the study indicated that welfare activities/facilities affect the workers attitude towards
management and job satisfaction in both sectors.
HRM REVIEW- EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND WELLNESS – SUMATHI REDDY – 2006.
“Employee health and wellness is a key concern for employers and employees alike. Intense
competition, tendency for a more materialistic life and intensification of work due to modern
production and processing technology are some of the factors contributing towards an
imbalanced life style. Unless conscious measures are taken relating to health and wellness, it will
lead to loss of productivity and working days and loss of valuable talent.
According to Mr. Robert (2006) Employee welfare in general, these are the benefits that
an employee must receive from his/her company, like allowances, housing for those companies
who provides, transportation, medical, insurances, food and some other way where the employee
has rights to demand.
According to MR. RAVIKUMAR (2003) “Welfare includes anything that is done for the
comfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages. Welfare
helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high so as to retain the employees
for longer duration”. The welfare measures need not be in monetary terms only but in any
kind/forms. Employee welfare includes monitoring of working conditions, creation of industrial
harmony through infrastructure for health, industrial relations and insurance against disease,
accident and unemployment for the workers and their families.
According to MR. R. PRADEEP (2009) “Employee welfare is a comprehensive term
including various services, benefits and facilities offered to employees & by the employers.
Through such generous fringe benefits the employer makes life worth living for employees.”
Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and is
provided over and above the wages. Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the
employees high so as to retain the employees for longer duration. The welfare measures need not
be in monetary terms only but in any kind/forms. Employee welfare includes monitoring of
working conditions, creation of industrial harmony through infrastructure for health, industrial
relations and insurance against disease, accident and unemployment for the workers and their
According to WIKIPEDIA Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of wellbeing and
social support for all citizens. In most developed countries, Welfare is largely provided by the
government, in addition to charities, informal social groups, religious groups, and inter-
governmental organizations. In the end, this term replaces "charity" as it was known for
thousands of years, being the voluntary act of providing for those who temporarily or
permanently could not provide for themselves.
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