3. NEW WORDS
ILL – EQUIPPED = not having the necessary resources or
qualities for a particular role or task
CANVAS TENT = a tent made of canvas fabric.
QUARRY = a place, typically a large, deep pit, from which
stone or other materials are or have been extracted.
UNCOMPLAININGLY = accepting, doing, or dealing with
something difficult or unpleasant without complaining.
ANECDOT = a short amusing or interesting story about a real
incident or person
4. DESOLATE = feeling or showing great unhappiness or loneliness
MIRACULOUS = of the nature of a miracle or having the power to
CONJURE = cause (a spirit or ghost) to appear by means of a
LEISURELY = acting or done at leisure; unhurried or relaxed
MUTTER = say something in a low or barely audible voice,
especially in dissatisfaction or irritation.
5. THRALL = a slave, servant, or captive.
ARCHED = constructed with or in the form of an arch or
ENORMOUS = very large in size, quantity, or extent
SPRAWLED = spread out over a large area in an untidy or
INCLINED = leaning or turning away from the vertical or
UNCRITICALLY = with a lack of criticism or consideration of
whether something is right or wrong
6. MAHOUT = a person who works with, rides, and tends an elephant.
PROLOGURE = a separate introductory section of a literary,
dramatic, or musical work
TUSKER = an elephant or wild boar with well-developed tusks.
STAMPING = bring down (one's foot) heavily on the ground or on
something on the ground
EMULATION = effort to match or surpass a person or achievement,
typically by imitation
25. In what way is Iswaran an asset to Mahendra?
Iswaran was an obedient person. He was Mahendra’s
cook. He was very caring and hardworking. He did
all the jobs such as cooking meal, washing clothes
and chatting with Mahendra at night. He obeyed his
master with full dedication. So, he was an asset to
26. How does Iswaran describe the uprooted tree on the highway? What
effect does he want to create in his listeners?
Iswaran was greatly influenced by the Tamil authors. He was in the
habit of creating suspense. He had the quality of narrating even the
smallest incident in impressive way. He presented the incident
related to the uprooted tree on the highway in a dramatic way. He
was alone and the road was deserted. He saw something that looked
like an enormous beast lying across the road. But as soon as he came
closer, he found there nothing but a fallen tree. His main purpose
was to create suspense and surprise.