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Different types of Landscape illumination

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Different types of Landscape illumination

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This presentation explains different types of landscape lighting used for architectural purposes. This can help design and architecture students to study.

This presentation explains different types of landscape lighting used for architectural purposes. This can help design and architecture students to study.

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Different types of Landscape illumination

  1. 1. Thomas Alva Edison Illumination LandscapeArchitecture
  2. 2. Contents  Techniques  Types of appliances  Design Ideas  Precautions  Advantages
  3. 3. Correct lighting techniques will highlight your important features and create the perfect amount of drama in a yard. Techniques
  4. 4. Highlighting Highlighting is created by placing a spotlight at the base of an outdoor feature. By varying the distance and angle of the light fixture, you can experiment with different lighting designs. For example, trees often need two or more fixtures to provide sufficient illumination.
  5. 5. Highlighting
  6. 6. Silhouetting By placing a spotlight behind the feature, aimed towards an adjacent wall, you can create an illuminated backdrop. This dark outline of the object is useful for showcasing plants and other dense features. It looks especially striking in the sunset.
  7. 7. Silhouetting
  8. 8. Shadowing A similar technique to silhouetting, shadowing also places the fixture towards the base of the feature, aimed towards an adjacent wall. However, the goal is to create a softer shadow, and often works best with a tree that has open, delicate foliage. The effect of the tree's movement in the wind is sure to add drama to any home facade.
  9. 9. Shadowing
  10. 10. Wall-washing Wall-washing creates a soothing and even glow that comes off the wall or facade it's pointed towards. For best results, place the lighting fixture a few feet away from the feature, and give it a sideways angle. By shining along side the wall, it maintains an even and somewhat subtle ambient lighting for the nearby area. A wide angle flood light with low wattage is recommended for this, as opposed to a spotlight.
  11. 11. Wall-washing
  12. 12. Up lighting Offering a greater contrast effect than typical wall-washing, spotlight fixtures are placed closer to a building for a bolder effect.
  13. 13. Moon lighting Create moonlighting techniques by placing a large fixture with a full glare guard high up inside a tree, and angled downwards. This effect looks like moonlight shining down through the branches. It causes attractive shadow patterns on the ground to appear, plus it provides a very natural and beautiful lighting effect.
  14. 14. Moon lighting
  15. 15. Down lighting The down-lighting technique is similar to the moonlighting technique, although brighter and less subtle. Place a fixture high up, inside a feature like a trellis, tree, or eave, and cast downwards over a large area. Place the light higher if you intend to illuminate a large portion of the yard, and lower if you wish to illuminate a path or garden.
  16. 16. Down lighting
  17. 17. Accenting Any lighting that draws special attention to a specific feature is considered accent lighting. Specifically angled up-lighting or down-lighting can be used as accent lighting, to point out an architectural design, plant, or other feature. Try using a narrow beam spotlight from a hidden fixture to add a flair of mystery to your accent lighting.
  18. 18. Accenting
  19. 19. Path lighting Path-lighting is created by placing small fixtures along the borders of walkways, driveways, and patios. It is important that the style of these path lights be considered carefully. It is also important to be sure that they are positioned to illuminate the path, but also placed so that they avoid being kicked, moved, or getting in the way of the lawnmower.
  20. 20. Path lighting
  21. 21. Under water lighting Underwater lighting highlights underwater plant material and captures light to show off depth or imaginative design Illuminating water bodies not only increase their attractiveness but also ensures safety in dark Cascading fountains and falls reflect light in their movement adding perspective to the sound of rippling or spraying water
  22. 22. Step/deck lighting Step lighting brings deck to life in night and help us to navigate stairs safely during night. Its fixtures can be installed beneath benches as recessed light in the risers of step and as a surface lights on vertical posts.
  23. 23. Lighting fixtures  Solar lights  Florescent lights  Halogen lights  Luminaire  Neon lights  Light emitting diodes
  24. 24. Solar lights Solar lights make use of tiny photo voltaic cells(PV cells) or solar powered cells to charge the battery that is integrated into lighting fixtures. Most manufactures prefer to install PV cell into the lighting fixture itself. These can’t work if they are placed in shade. Other solar landscaping models tend to separate the PV panel from the lighting fixture. Thus the PV panel will be able to receive maximum sunlight. Drawback is that wire have to be buried.
  25. 25. Florescent lights A long straight tube coated with phosphor containing low pressure mercury that produces white light.
  26. 26. Halogen lights High pressure incandescent lamps containing halogen gases such as iodine or bromine allowing filament to be operated at higher temperatures
  27. 27. luminaire A complete lighting unit consisting of a lamp , ballast as required with the parts designed to distribute the light , position and protect the lamp and connect them to power supply.
  28. 28. Neon lights Neon lighting consists of brightly glowing , electrified glass tubes or bulbs that contain rarefied neon or other gases. Neon lights are a type of cold cathode gas discharge light. A neon tube light is a sealed glass tube with a metal electrode at each end , filled with one of a number of gases at low pressure. Neon lights were named for neon , a noble gas which give off a popular red light, but other gases and chemicals are used to produce other colors, such as helium(yellow),carbon dioxide(white), mercury(blue).
  29. 29. Light emitting diodes(led) Earlier only halogen or fluorescent lamps could provide the punch, color, and energy saving for certain landscape applications, LEDs are now available with these important attributes , as well as added benefits of very long life and durability. Light emitting diodes are tiny bulbs without filament that are illuminates solely by the movements of electrons in a semi conductor material.
  30. 30. Design ideas
  31. 31. Eye-catching Light Thoughtful landscape lighting is a treat for the eyes. “You want people driving by to take a second look because what you’ve created is interesting,” says Chris Mitchell of landscape lighting firm NiteLiters in Owensboro, Ky.
  32. 32. Mark Parameters On this walkway, the offset lights have considerable distance between them, leading the eye naturally down the path. Some are located entirely in the garden bed while others cast light onto the path. “They give you just a little bit of information,” says Jeff Dross of Kichler Lighting in Cleveland, Ohio. “You simply need an idea of parameters so you can navigate through the area. Keep in mind that there will be a fair amount of natural moonlight at night to help you as well.”
  33. 33. Mix Styles Using different styles of path lights in the same scheme can help you avoid the “good little soldier” look. Be sure to clean the lamp surfaces and check for burned-out bulbs at least once a year, and relocate the stakes if plant growth has blocked their light output.
  34. 34. Less is More Path lighting is something that is rarely done well. Whether you opt for inexpensive stakes or pricier fixtures, placement is critical. Think of them as gentle hints for where to go next, not outlining tools or runway lights for an airplane landing. Fewer is usually better.
  35. 35. Add Color and Texture Path lights are visual aids in a dark space, but they also add color and texture if you place them near interesting plants. This way, you can retain pieces of your garden’s charm long after the sun sets.
  36. 36. Precautions
  37. 37. Lack of variety Be careful not to use too much of the same kind of lighting. Vary the outdoor lighting techniques and types to bring out a fresh and bright look to your landscape. There are many specific types of outdoor lights to choose from, such as flood lights, spotlights, and path-lights. Many contractors solely rely on up lighting. Add some down lighting for more dimension, to follow good Dark Sky Practices, and reduce light pollution.
  38. 38. Light pollution Find spotlights with glare guards, and try to place light sources in subtle locations. This maintains the elegant look, as well as helps keep the light from shining directly into anyone's eyes, or directly towards any neighbors. Be sure your outdoor lights aren't shining into any nearby roads, and especially not into your own windows. Try to include down lighting as a technique.
  39. 39. Too symmetrical It's a common problem found in path-lights: lights placed too closely and evenly makes the path or driveway look like a runway. Try staggering the lights, creating something of a zig zag pattern from one side to the other. Also, refrain from putting path-lights equally on opposite sides.
  40. 40. Unbalancing lighting Do not place outdoor lighting fixtures in areas that will divide a yard. Make sure the light is balanced amongst the entire canvas of the property. You want to draw the eye around the entire yard, not necessarily toward one specific area. You especially don't want to create a hard "border" of light around your property line.
  41. 41. Over exaggerating a style Outdoor lighting is meant to be a subtle addition, and shouldn't be the complete focus of your yard. It should accentuate features in your landscape, not be the point of attention itself. Beware of creating too much contrast in light and dark spots, and try not to over-illuminate the house itself.
  42. 42. Advantages The aim of the landscape lighting is fulfilled by revealing the night hides and enhancing the property, extending the hours of enjoyment and providing safety and security to the owners as well as the guests. The aesthetic qualities of the property increase with the help of the light fixtures. Light fixtures arranged in a creative manner are helpful in creating dramatic effects which in turn shows the beauty of the place and accentuate the landscape.
  43. 43. The buildings which are well-decorated with light fixtures give the impression of luxury. The lighted backyard gives the impression of additional reusable lights space at night. The outdoor lighting creates an atmosphere for entertaining on warm summer evenings or in winters around the fire pits. The solar lights save money on electricity bills by eliminating the electrical and maintenance costs.
  44. 44. Thank you. M. Bharathsai BA11ARC023 Narendran Nair BA11ARC032 Pravasith Kumar BA11ARC035 S. Nirmal Bharatwaj BA11ARC040 Nikhil Wakode BA11ARC061

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • Light Bulb Quote Horizontal
    (Intermediate)
     
    To reproduce the video effects on this slide, do the following:

    On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.
    On the Insert tab, in the Media group, click Video, and then click Video from File.
    In the left pane of the Insert Video dialog box, click the drive or library that contains the video. In the right pane of the dialog box, click the first video that you want and then click Insert.
    Under Video Tools on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Format Video dialog box, select Size in the left pane, under Size and Rotate in the right pane, set the Height to 2.5” and the Width to 3.29”.
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Color in the left pane, under Border Color in the right pane, select Solid line, then click the arrow to the right of Color, and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from left).
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Style in the left pane, under Border Style in the right pane, set the Width to 3 pt.
    Close the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Animations tab, in the Animation group, select Play.
    Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, click the arrow to the right of Start and select With Previous.
    On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:
    Click Align Left.
    Click Align Top.
    On the Insert tab, in the Media group, click Video, and then click Video from File.
    In the left pane of the Insert Video dialog box, click the drive or library that contains the video. In the right pane of the dialog box, click the second video that you want and then click Insert.
    Under Video Tools on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Format Video dialog box, select Size in the left pane, under Size and Rotate in the right pane, set the Height to 2.5” and the Width to 3.29”.
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Color in the left pane, under Border Color in the right pane, select Solid line, then click the arrow to the right of Color, and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from left).
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Style in the left pane, under Border Style in the right pane, set the Width to 3 pt.
    Close the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Animations tab, in the Animation group, select Play.
    Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, click the arrow to the right of Start and select With Previous.
    On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:
    Click Align Top.
    Click Align Center.
    On the Insert tab, in the Media group, click Video, and then click Video from File.
    In the left pane of the Insert Video dialog box, click the drive or library that contains the video. In the right pane of the dialog box, click the third video that you want and then click Insert.
    Under Video Tools on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Format Video dialog box, select Size in the left pane, under Size and Rotate in the right pane, set the Height to 2.5” and the Width to 3.29”.
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Color in the left pane, under Border Color in the right pane, select Solid line, then click the arrow to the right of Color, and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from left).
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Style in the left pane, under Border Style in the right pane, set the Width to 3 pt.
    Close the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Animations tab, in the Animation group, select Play.
    Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, click the arrow to the right of Start and select With Previous.
    On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:
    Click Align Right.
    Click Align Top.
    On the Insert tab, in the Media group, click Video, and then click Video from File.
    In the left pane of the Insert Video dialog box, click the drive or library that contains the video. In the right pane of the dialog box, click the fourth video that you want and then click Insert.
    Under Video Tools on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Format Video dialog box, select Size in the left pane, under Size and Rotate in the right pane, set the Height to 2.5” and the Width to 3.29”.
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Color in the left pane, under Border Color in the right pane, select Solid line, then click the arrow to the right of Color, and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from left).
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Style in the left pane, under Border Style in the right pane, set the Width to 3 pt.
    Close the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Animations tab, in the Animation group, select Play.
    Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, click the arrow to the right of Start and select With Previous.
    On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:
    Click Align Left.
    Click Align Bottom.
    On the Insert tab, in the Media group, click Video, and then click Video from File.
    In the left pane of the Insert Video dialog box, click the drive or library that contains the video. In the right pane of the dialog box, click the fifth video that you want and then click Insert.
    Under Video Tools on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Format Video dialog box, select Size in the left pane, under Size and Rotate in the right pane, set the Height to 2.5” and the Width to 3.29”.
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Color in the left pane, under Border Color in the right pane, select Solid line, then click the arrow to the right of Color, and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from left).
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Style in the left pane, under Border Style in the right pane, set the Width to 3 pt.
    Close the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Animations tab, in the Animation group, select Play.
    Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, click the arrow to the right of Start and select With Previous.
    On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:
    Click Align Bottom.
    Click Align Center.
    On the Insert tab, in the Media group, click Video, and then click Video from File.
    In the left pane of the Insert Video dialog box, click the drive or library that contains the video. In the right pane of the dialog box, click the sixth video that you want and then click Insert.
    Under Video Tools on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Format Video dialog box, select Size in the left pane, under Size and Rotate in the right pane, set the Height to 2.5” and the Width to 3.29”.
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Color in the left pane, under Border Color in the right pane, select Solid line, then click the arrow to the right of Color, and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from left).
    Also in the Format Video dialog box, select Border Style in the left pane, under Border Style in the right pane, set the Width to 3 pt.
    Close the Format Video dialog box.
    In the Animations tab, in the Animation group, select Play.
    Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, click the arrow to the right of Start and select With Previous.
    On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:
    Click Align Right.
    Click Align Bottom.
    Press and hold CTRL and select all three bottom videos. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click Distribute Horizontally.
     
    To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:

    On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide drag to draw a text box.
    Type the following in the text box: “We now know a thousand ways not to build a light bulb.” Select the text. On the Home tab in the Font group, select Garamond from the Font list, and then select 44 pt from the Font Size list, then click the Bold icon.
    Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group enter the Height of the text box to be 1.58” and the Width to be 10”.
    Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab in the WordArt Styles group click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Text Effects dialog box.
    In the Format Text Effects dialog box, select Text Fill in the left pane, then under Text Fill in the right pane, select Solid fill. Click the arrow to the right of Color and under Theme Colors select, White, Background 1 (first row, first option from left).
    Also in the Format Text Effects dialog box, select Text Outline in the left pane, then under Text Outline in the right pane, select Solid line. Click the arrow to the right of Color and select more colors, and then under the Custom tab do the following:
    In the Red box, enter 255.
    In the Green box, enter 255.
    In the Blue box, enter 204.
    Click OK to close the Colors dialog box.
    Also in the Format Text Effects dialog box, select Outline Style in the left pane, then under Outline Style in the right pane, set the Width to 0.75 pt.
    Also in the Format Text Effects dialog box, select Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, then under Glow and Soft Edges in the right pane, under Glow in the right pane, click the arrow to the right of Color and under Theme Colors select Orange, Accent 6, Lighter 60% (third row, tenth option from left).
    Also under Glow in the right pane, set the Size to 8pt.
    Also under Glow in the right pane, set the Transparency to 80%.
    Also in the Format Text Effects dialog box, select 3-D Format in the left pane, under 3-D Format in the right pane, click the arrow to the right of Top, under Bevel select Circle (first row, first option from left), and then do the following:
    To the right of Top, in the Width box, enter 3 pt.
    To the right of Top, in the Height box, enter 2 pt.
    Under Depth, In the Depth box, enter 4.5 pt.
    Under Contour, click arrow to right of Color and under Theme Colors, select Tan, Background 2 (first row, third option from left).
    Under Surface, click the arrow to the right of Material and under Standard, select Metal (first row, fourth option from left), and then click the arrow to the right of Lighting and under Neutral, select Balance (first row, second option from left).
    In the Angle box, enter 35 degrees.
    Close the Format Text Effects dialog box.
    On the Home tab in the Paragraph group, click Center Text, and then click the arrow to the right of Align Text and select Bottom.
    Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click Align Middle.
    On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide drag to draw a text box.
    Type text, Thomas Alva Edison, in the text box and then select the text. On the Home tab in the Font group, select Garamond (body) from the Theme Fonts section, and then select 18 pt from the Font Size list, then click the Bold and Italic icon.
    Select text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Shape dialog box.
    Select Size in the left pane, and under Size and rotate in the right pane enter the Height as 0.4” and the Width as 2.45”.
    Also in the Format Shape dialog box, select Position on the left pane, then under Position in the right pane set the Horizontal to 7.5” and the Vertical to 4.5”.
    Close the Format Shape dialog box.
    Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab in the WordArt Styles group click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Text Effects dialog box.
    In the Format Text Effects dialog box, select Text Fill in the left pane, then under Text Fill in the right pane, select Solid fill. Click the arrow to the right of Color and under Theme Colors select, White, Background 1 (first row, first option from left).
    Also in the Format Text Effects dialog box, select Text Outline in the left pane, then under Text Outline in the right pane, select Solid line. Click the arrow to the right of Color and select more colors, and then under the Custom tab do the following:
    In the Red box, enter 255.
    In the Green box, enter 255.
    In the Blue box, enter 204.
    Click OK to close the Colors dialog box.
    Close the Format Text Effects dialog box.
    Select the text box and under Drawing Tools on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow at the bottom right corner launching the Format Shape dialog box.
    In the Format Shape dialog box, select Position in the left pane, under Position on Slide and set Horizontal to 7.5” and Vertical to 4.5”.
    Close the Format Shape dialog box.
     
    To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:

    On the Design tab, in the bottom right corner of the Background group, click the arrow at the bottom right launching the Format Background dialog box.
    In the Format Background dialog box, select Fill in the left pane, under Fill in the right pane select Solid fill, and then click the arrow to the right of Color and under Theme Colors, select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option).

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