2. WHAT IS RFID?
• Radio frequency identification, or RFID, is a generic term for
technologies that use radio waves to automatically identify
people or objects.
• RFID technology has been around for decades, with its use
traced back to World War II, when it was used in a rudimentary
form to track aircraft. Six decades later, the technology is going
4. WHAT IS THE USE OF RFID?
• RFID is the wireless use of electromagnetic fields to transfer
data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking
tags attached to objects
5. HOW DOES AN RFID SYSTEM WORK?
• An RFID system consists of a tag, which is made up of a microchip
with an antenna, and an interrogator or reader with an antenna.
• The reader sends out electromagnetic waves. The tag antenna is
tuned to receive these waves. A passive RFID tag draws power
from field created by the reader and uses it to power the
• The chip then modulates the waves that the tag sends back to the
reader and the reader converts the new waves into digital data
6. Small RFID chip, here compared to a
grain of rice, is incorporated in
consumer products, and implanted in
pets, for identification purposes
12. Benefits of implementing RFID in Supply Chain
• RFID technology has risen to become a revolutionary element in
supply chain management.
• It is not just a replacement for barcodes.
• RFID ensures that the right goods are available in the right place with
no discrepancies and zero errors.
14. BENEFITS OF RFID IN MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
• In the FMCG industry, products have to be counted several times already in
the manufacturing process: during the stages of production, washing, and
• Traditionally, these operations are performed manually.
• By utilizing RFID tags and readers, products can be counted in seconds.
• This is due to the fact that RFID tags can be automatically scanned without
being in the line-of-sight of an RFID scanner and multiple tags can be
15. • In addition to faster authentication of produced goods, manufacturers can also
benefit from increased information gathered with the help of RFID technology.
• RFID tags can store far more information than conventional barcode labels. This
information can be used to optimize production processes.
• With the help of RFID, manufacturers can also benefit from increased information in
regards to repair and maintenance of their machines and equipment.
• This allows manufacturers to have visibility into valuable data such as: which
machine has been repaired or undergone maintenance and when has this been
done? This information helps to plan maintenance schedules
16. RFID in manufacturing processes means:
• less manual work
• less costs
• improved visibility
• improved planning
17. RFID BENEFITS IN WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT
• Keeping track of the large number of cartons is a very complex as well as time and labour
• However, RFID can be implemented to ease the situation as it can improve information
management concerning cargo flow.
• Usually, read-write equipment is installed at the entry to a warehouse. Every cargo unit is
equipped with RFID tags and all the information relating to the tags is stored in the central
computer of the warehouse.
• When the cargo is moved in or out of the warehouse, the read-write equipment registers it
and forwards the data to the backend system.
• This allows the management center to manage the vast amounts of products going into and
leaving the storage, recognize cargo and help with placement of the cargo in the warehouse
18. RFID in warehouse processes offers:
• visibility of accurate real-time information
• fast locating of products
• possibility to record losses
• ability to plan product locations strategically
19. RFID BENEFITS IN TRACKING AND MANAGING OF SHIPPING CONTAINERS
• Container transports are oftentimes chosen as they ensure safe and secured
transportation, low costs, standard packaging and high transport density.
• Companies that use RFID in tracking and managing of shipping containers are
able to track containers in each link of the supply chain.
• Active RFID Tags can be used to track containers in real-time in yards and docks.
• Ultra-high frequency RFID technology has long identification distance and speeds
20. RFID in container management and tracking:
• offers visibility of real-time cargo movement
• improves efficiency
• increase accuracy
21. BENEFITS IN DISTRIBUTION PROCESSES
• Usage of RFID will greatly accelerate the speed of delivery management,
improve efficiency, and increase accuracy in selection and distribution
• It will also reduce distribution costs. When products embedded with RFID tags
enter a distribution center, the RFID read-write equipment at the entry gate
can register the RFID tags, and send the information to the distribution centers'
• This information can be used to put the cartons in proper places, sort them
quickly and efficiently, and dispatch the cartons to the retailing centers in less
time with improved accuracy
22. RFID in distribution processes:
• accelerates the speed of delivery
• improves efficiency
• increases accuracy
• reduces distribution costs
23. USAGE OF RFID IN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT