SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 44
Downloaden Sie, um offline zu lesen
YA Literature
                and Fandom
presented by Robin Brenner, Liz Burns, Leslee Friedman, and Aja Romano
“Fan fiction is what literature might look like if it
were reinvented from scratch after a nuclear
apocalypse by a band of brilliant pop-culture junkies
trapped in a sealed bunker. They don’t do it for
money. That’s not what it’s about. The writers write
it and put it up online just for the satisfaction.
They’re fans, but they’re not silent,
couchbound consumers of media. The
culture talks to them, and they talk
back to the culture in its own
language.”
             The Boy Who Lived Forever -Lev Grossman, Time Magazine
What is fandom?
•   The idea of fandom developed in the 19th century, originally in reference to
    sports fans. In the ’20s, the sci-fi community adopted the term, and it’s been
    around ever since.

•   What can be a fandom? Anything! One might be a fan of cats, for example, and
    make fanvids, stories, art, and cute gifs about them. Basically, the Internet is the
    cat fandom.

•   OK, seriously, what’s with all the interest in making straight men gay? Fandom is
    subversive. If a canonical worldview is entirely straight-white-male, then fans
    will actively resist it. Freeing homoerotic subtexts from restrictive source
    canons is a rebellion against heteronormative constraints.
Speaking like a fan
                                                       • Canon
• Fanfiction          • Pairing
                                                       • Fanon
• Cosplay            • OTP (one true pairing)
                                                       • AU (alternate universe)
• Fanvids            • Ship (short for relationship)
                                                       • PWP (plot what plot?)
• Filk (fan music)   • Gen (no romance)
                                                       • Crossovers
• Crafts             • Het/Slash/Femslash
                         (m/f, m/m, f/f romance)
                                                       • RPF (real people fiction)
The legal thing
•   Fanfiction has been around since Virgil read The Iliad and said to himself, “But what about Aeneas? I want to
    know more about him!” ...These are impulses that have existed for centuries and have nothing to do with the
    creativity or morality of the writer—only the love they have for the source material.


•   The debate over the legality of fanfiction centers around whether you believe fanfiction is derivative or
    transformative. "Derivative work" implies that the secondary work adds nothing to the original source in value.
    "Transformative work" implies that the fic is building on to what the canon started.


•   Fanfiction’s free status generally keeps it safe from lawsuits, although not from cease-and-desist letters.
    However, if a case can be made for the fanwork as transformative, the U.S. copyright “fair use” clause is fully
    protective of the work, whether it is done for free or for profit.


•   Legally, courts are undecided about whether fanwork is derivative or transformative. The Wind Done Gone
    (published fanfiction of Gone With the Wind) was ruled transformative, but then a sequel to Catcher in the Rye
    failed the transformative work test just three years ago.
Pride
 The                   King        Little
              and
Odyssey                Lear       Women
           Prejudice



                                   The
                                              Pride
   The       Mrs.      Sherlock
  Illiad   Dalloway    Holmes
                                  Wizard       and
                                  of OZ
                                            Prejudice

Robinson
           Sherlock                Jane
 Crusoe                Beowulf
           Holmes                  Eyre
Pride
 The                   King        Little
              and
Odyssey                Lear       Women
           Prejudice



                                   The
                                              Pride
   The       Mrs.      Sherlock
  Illiad   Dalloway    Holmes
                                  Wizard       and
                                  of OZ
                                            Prejudice

Robinson
           Sherlock                Jane
 Crusoe                Beowulf
           Holmes                  Eyre
Much
 Ado        Sherlock    Charles                                       Jane
                                                         Hamlet
About       Holmes      Dickens                                       Eyre
Nothing
                                    Persuasion                       The Strange
                                                                       Case of
              Pride                                        Jane
                         Twelfth                                     Dr. Jekyl
Macbeth        and                                         Eyre
                          Night                                        and
            Prejudice
                                                                     Mr. Hyde


  Edgar                                                   The Turn
                         Romeo      Don      Frankenstein            Othello
Allen Poe   Hamlet                                         of the
                        and Juliet Quixote
                                                           Screw


Sherlock
Much
 Ado        Sherlock    Charles                                       Jane
                                                         Hamlet
About       Holmes      Dickens                                       Eyre
Nothing
                                    Persuasion                       The Strange
                                                                       Case of
              Pride                                        Jane
                         Twelfth                                     Dr. Jekyl
Macbeth        and                                         Eyre
                          Night                                        and
            Prejudice
                                                                     Mr. Hyde


  Edgar                                                   The Turn
                         Romeo      Don      Frankenstein            Othello
Allen Poe   Hamlet                                         of the
                        and Juliet Quixote
                                                           Screw


Sherlock
Curseworkers fan art by D. Rodil
Fandom is...
• Fun! Escapism is a bit part of the appeal

• Creative. Remixing and reinvention is the norm.

• Quality. It may take some digging, but high quality
  work is what makes fans stick around.

• Inclusive. Participants find representation in fan
  works that they are missing in traditional works.
Fandom is...
• Speculative. Fans love filling in gaps, asking what if,
  and expanding favorite universes.

• Focused on relationships. Shipping is key to many
  fans, and they are finding their romance fix online
  rather than in print.

• All about characters. More than worlds, fan works
  allow fans to spend time with, critique and
  reimagine their favorites.
100




Number of Respondents
                                 80


                                 60


                                 40


                                 20


                                  0
                                      1   5   10        13    16        20     25     30     35   40   45   50

                                                                        Age of Respondents




                                50
        Number of Respondents




                                40


                                30


                                20


                                10


                                 0
                                      1   5   10   12    14   16   18   20     25     30     35   40   45   50

                                                                   Age Discovered Fandom
How do your describe your gender?
           MaleOther
           5% 3%




                       Female
                        93%
Questioning
                               Asexual
                       Gay/Lesbian 2%
                                 3%
                            4%
              Mostly Gay/Lesbian
How do                5%

  your
describe                                          Straight
                                                   40%



           Bisexual
             24%




                                Mostly Straight
                                     22%
Where do fans participate?
           Teens              Adults
    •   fanfiction.net
                          • Livejournal
    •   tumblr
                          • Archive of
    •   deviantArt
                            Our Own
    •   YouTube
                          • tumblr
    •   Livejournal

    •   Archive of Our    • Fanfiction.net
        Own

    •   Fandom archives   • Dreamwidth
How do teens participate?
   • 97% read fanfiction, looked at fanart,
     or watched fanvids

   • 85% written fanfiction

   • 79% participated actively in fandom
     communities

   • 55% created fan art
Why fandom?
“I like the endless remixing. I like the incredible talent
and creativity people show. I like how the familiar (characters I
know, at least from other sources) remain familiar and yet
change. I like the interconnectedness of it, how
fanwork is in a conversation with other fanworks and with the
fannish community. I like that my standards and
interests are the norm in my part of fandom,
not the exception. I like that there are warnings, that I
can find what interests me by tag, and that I can read exactly
what I'm looking for. I like that it's free, created in a gift
culture, something that is made for love and shared out of
love. I like that I never run out of things to read.”
Fandom criticizes
“Fanworks are the branding that help me to
appreciate a franchise better. When someone tries
to sell me on a show/book/movie, they usually try a
certain premise or emotion that will appeal to me.
Fanworks are the other end - there's nothing
left to spoil, we know how everything
turns out, and now we can get down to
the analysis, commentary, remixing, and
laughs.”
Superheroines in sweaters by Hanie Mohd
         haniemohd.tumblr.com
Fandom is community
“I've made several friends who are just as nerdy as I
am, even if they don't go to my school or live in the
same city. It's reassuring as a teenager,
when the social pressures of high school
are very real and very present, to know
that it's ok to love something enough to
interact with it the way you do with a
fandom.”
Fandom dislikes
“Bad spelling or grammar, weird narrative
conventions, kinks that squick me, animal harm and
death, child harm and death, torture porn, sloppy
storytelling, characters who cry constantly when in
reality you could destroy their world in front of
them and they would barely flinch, everything.
Every flaw that you can find in
published work is in fan fiction, too. But
in fan fiction, I can hit the back button
and easily find something better.”
Fandom teaches
“I'm writing more and better, and I have a
much clearer perception of how important it is to
have depth and subtext - reading the volume
of fic I have has made me a more
critical reader in a way that public-school
English classes couldn't (robotically finding and
interpreting literary elements is dull work that does
not necessarily encourage complex thought).”
Fandom fills gaps
“It's given me endless amounts of joy, introduced
me to the entire concept of gay...as a completely
non-controversial thing thus probably shaping
my entire life past 7th grade:
I have no idea how me figuring out I
liked girls would have happened
without fandom, but as was, it was
literally a completely nondramatic
affair.”
Authorship
“It's certainly made me appreciate more just how difficult
creative work can be. Mostly, though, it's made me feel that
once you have created an original work and
let it out into the world, those characters
you've created are no longer entirely yours.
Every person who reads about them or sees them will take
those characters into themselves and read something
different into them, and all of those readings are
equally valid and equally fascinating.”
When is it ok to make
money off of fan works?
• 87% writing about fan culture

• 81% creating and attending conferences

• 73% from crafts and costumes

• 52% selling fanwork once copyright has expired

• 46% rewriting an AU fic and publishing it

• 10% publishing fanfic without alteration
Fandom inspires
“When the spirit moves you, you create, even if
it's a 500 word drabble about werewolves in space.”

“I began writing fanfiction 3.5 yrs ago and after I
developed a substantial following, I eventually
started writing original fiction. I've now
been published, something I wouldn't
have imagined before I became heavily
involved in fandom.”
Fandom encourages
“Before fandoms, I thought you needed a
fancy degree or a medal from the queen
to write ACTUAL stories. But when I figured
out that there is more to life then internet explorer and
neopets, I realized that kids were writing.
Everyone was writing. And everyone could
do it. Then I started to do it. AND LIKE
WOAH. I honestly think I started writing stories
because I started out writing fanfiction. And now     I
want to minor in creative writing. ”
The Malfoy family in the style of Earl Oliver Hurst by Makani (website | deviantArt | Art Challenge)
Calvin and Hobbes fanart by kizer180 | deviantArt




Calvin and Hobbes by ontheshoresofthebroken
The Hunger Games by Faith Erin Hicks | deviantArt
William Riker by John Allison
Creator of Scary Go Round
Kate Beaton Hark a Vagrant! #213




      Science Bros parody of Kate Beaton by nikitomuchachos
The various Sherlocks by lowlighter, lowlighter.tumblr.com




Sherlock fanart by sdkay
Soldier by J.C. Leyendecker   Captain America aka Steve Rogers, by 菊叔
Teen interviews
Avengers fanart by Noelle Stevenson | gingerhaze.tumblr.com

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Aliens 25 Years Looking Back
Aliens 25 Years Looking BackAliens 25 Years Looking Back
Aliens 25 Years Looking BackVijay Patel
 
Othello ppt scene by scene!
Othello ppt scene by scene!Othello ppt scene by scene!
Othello ppt scene by scene!chrismurban
 
Othello’s language
Othello’s languageOthello’s language
Othello’s languagelstrother
 
Othello Background
Othello BackgroundOthello Background
Othello Backgroundanniekrespil
 
Othello Act II Notes
Othello Act II NotesOthello Act II Notes
Othello Act II Noteslramirezcruz
 
Racism in Othello - William Shakespeare
Racism in Othello - William ShakespeareRacism in Othello - William Shakespeare
Racism in Othello - William ShakespeareJohn Wainwright
 
Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3
Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3
Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3Luara Pires
 
2 act 1 scene 1
2   act 1 scene 12   act 1 scene 1
2 act 1 scene 1mrhoward12
 
Othello’s language vs iago’s
Othello’s language vs iago’sOthello’s language vs iago’s
Othello’s language vs iago’smrhoward12
 
Love Between Desdemona And Othello
Love Between Desdemona And Othello Love Between Desdemona And Othello
Love Between Desdemona And Othello Wendy Ann
 
3 act 1 scene 2
3   act 1 scene 23   act 1 scene 2
3 act 1 scene 2mrhoward12
 
Lof Symbolism
Lof SymbolismLof Symbolism
Lof Symbolismjackie11
 

Was ist angesagt? (19)

Aliens 25 Years Looking Back
Aliens 25 Years Looking BackAliens 25 Years Looking Back
Aliens 25 Years Looking Back
 
Othello ppt scene by scene!
Othello ppt scene by scene!Othello ppt scene by scene!
Othello ppt scene by scene!
 
Othello themes
Othello themesOthello themes
Othello themes
 
Othello’s language
Othello’s languageOthello’s language
Othello’s language
 
Othello
OthelloOthello
Othello
 
Othello Background
Othello BackgroundOthello Background
Othello Background
 
Othello Act II Notes
Othello Act II NotesOthello Act II Notes
Othello Act II Notes
 
Resident Evil
Resident EvilResident Evil
Resident Evil
 
Racism in Othello - William Shakespeare
Racism in Othello - William ShakespeareRacism in Othello - William Shakespeare
Racism in Othello - William Shakespeare
 
Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3
Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3
Assisgnment 11 opening sequence draft 3
 
Character analysis
Character analysisCharacter analysis
Character analysis
 
2 act 1 scene 1
2   act 1 scene 12   act 1 scene 1
2 act 1 scene 1
 
Burtons theory horror
Burtons theory horrorBurtons theory horror
Burtons theory horror
 
Othello’s language vs iago’s
Othello’s language vs iago’sOthello’s language vs iago’s
Othello’s language vs iago’s
 
Love Between Desdemona And Othello
Love Between Desdemona And Othello Love Between Desdemona And Othello
Love Between Desdemona And Othello
 
3 act 1 scene 2
3   act 1 scene 23   act 1 scene 2
3 act 1 scene 2
 
Zombie horror
Zombie horrorZombie horror
Zombie horror
 
Assignement #9 final
Assignement #9 finalAssignement #9 final
Assignement #9 final
 
Lof Symbolism
Lof SymbolismLof Symbolism
Lof Symbolism
 

Andere mochten auch

Why Fandom Matters: An Introduction
Why Fandom Matters: An IntroductionWhy Fandom Matters: An Introduction
Why Fandom Matters: An Introductionmnsrich
 
Juárez de carne y hueso
Juárez de carne y huesoJuárez de carne y hueso
Juárez de carne y huesoPérez Esquer
 
Create a happy ending for data-driven decision-making
Create a happy ending for data-driven decision-makingCreate a happy ending for data-driven decision-making
Create a happy ending for data-driven decision-makingAman Sandhu
 
Neuroscience Antibodies - Elabscience
Neuroscience Antibodies - ElabscienceNeuroscience Antibodies - Elabscience
Neuroscience Antibodies - ElabscienceElabscience
 
Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10
Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10
Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10bmsquizclub
 
Role of Content Marketing for the biggest brands
Role of Content Marketing for the biggest brandsRole of Content Marketing for the biggest brands
Role of Content Marketing for the biggest brandsMike Jackson
 
Inteligencia emocional interpersonal
Inteligencia emocional interpersonalInteligencia emocional interpersonal
Inteligencia emocional interpersonalAntonio Gomez Gallego
 
The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016
The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016
The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016Tauseef Warsi
 
XIMB :The DC Marvel quiz
XIMB :The  DC Marvel quiz XIMB :The  DC Marvel quiz
XIMB :The DC Marvel quiz Rachit Jain
 
Harry Potter Quiz Prelims
Harry Potter Quiz PrelimsHarry Potter Quiz Prelims
Harry Potter Quiz PrelimsTameem Salman
 

Andere mochten auch (14)

Why Fandom Matters: An Introduction
Why Fandom Matters: An IntroductionWhy Fandom Matters: An Introduction
Why Fandom Matters: An Introduction
 
Juárez de carne y hueso
Juárez de carne y huesoJuárez de carne y hueso
Juárez de carne y hueso
 
Create a happy ending for data-driven decision-making
Create a happy ending for data-driven decision-makingCreate a happy ending for data-driven decision-making
Create a happy ending for data-driven decision-making
 
Neuroscience Antibodies - Elabscience
Neuroscience Antibodies - ElabscienceNeuroscience Antibodies - Elabscience
Neuroscience Antibodies - Elabscience
 
Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10
Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10
Lit-Ent Finals @ Utsav '10
 
Role of Content Marketing for the biggest brands
Role of Content Marketing for the biggest brandsRole of Content Marketing for the biggest brands
Role of Content Marketing for the biggest brands
 
Inteligencia emocional interpersonal
Inteligencia emocional interpersonalInteligencia emocional interpersonal
Inteligencia emocional interpersonal
 
The Marvel-DC Quiz
The Marvel-DC QuizThe Marvel-DC Quiz
The Marvel-DC Quiz
 
Fandom
FandomFandom
Fandom
 
The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016
The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016
The Very Simple Fantasy Quiz 2016
 
XIMB :The DC Marvel quiz
XIMB :The  DC Marvel quiz XIMB :The  DC Marvel quiz
XIMB :The DC Marvel quiz
 
Harry Potter Quiz Prelims
Harry Potter Quiz PrelimsHarry Potter Quiz Prelims
Harry Potter Quiz Prelims
 
Comics quiz
Comics quizComics quiz
Comics quiz
 
Fresher's MELA Quiz '13 Mains
Fresher's MELA Quiz '13 MainsFresher's MELA Quiz '13 Mains
Fresher's MELA Quiz '13 Mains
 

Ähnlich wie Fandom and YA literature YA lit symposium 2012

Characters List - Pottery
Characters List - PotteryCharacters List - Pottery
Characters List - Potteryamytaylor
 
Creative_writing_drama.pptx
Creative_writing_drama.pptxCreative_writing_drama.pptx
Creative_writing_drama.pptxFMSHSISCOF
 
JMI fandom finals
JMI fandom finalsJMI fandom finals
JMI fandom finalsAdil Jacob
 
Partner ship presentation123alexa_part
Partner ship presentation123alexa_partPartner ship presentation123alexa_part
Partner ship presentation123alexa_partalexa067
 
Works of Shakespeare
Works of ShakespeareWorks of Shakespeare
Works of ShakespeareMOE, Fiji
 
Scintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answers
Scintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answersScintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answers
Scintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answersAbhinav Sridharan
 
Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3
Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3
Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3shaun kerrigan
 
Romancing the gothic: When Love and Death Embrace
Romancing the gothic: When Love and Death EmbraceRomancing the gothic: When Love and Death Embrace
Romancing the gothic: When Love and Death EmbraceHolly Hirst
 
Sara pace, krista taggart
Sara pace, krista taggartSara pace, krista taggart
Sara pace, krista taggartaplitper7
 
Author study
Author studyAuthor study
Author studyjgkight
 
Related texts for belonging
Related texts for belongingRelated texts for belonging
Related texts for belongingJenny Harding
 
Summer Reading List 2011
Summer Reading List 2011Summer Reading List 2011
Summer Reading List 2011Media Center
 
Me and My Movies
Me and My MoviesMe and My Movies
Me and My MoviesKatieHam94
 

Ähnlich wie Fandom and YA literature YA lit symposium 2012 (20)

Characters
CharactersCharacters
Characters
 
Characters List - Pottery
Characters List - PotteryCharacters List - Pottery
Characters List - Pottery
 
Creative_writing_drama.pptx
Creative_writing_drama.pptxCreative_writing_drama.pptx
Creative_writing_drama.pptx
 
JMI fandom finals
JMI fandom finalsJMI fandom finals
JMI fandom finals
 
Partner ship presentation123alexa_part
Partner ship presentation123alexa_partPartner ship presentation123alexa_part
Partner ship presentation123alexa_part
 
Works of Shakespeare
Works of ShakespeareWorks of Shakespeare
Works of Shakespeare
 
Scintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answers
Scintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answersScintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answers
Scintillations General Quiz 2014-Prelims w/ answers
 
Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3
Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3
Fiction Audio Books For Ipod And Mp3
 
Romancing the gothic: When Love and Death Embrace
Romancing the gothic: When Love and Death EmbraceRomancing the gothic: When Love and Death Embrace
Romancing the gothic: When Love and Death Embrace
 
Sara pace, krista taggart
Sara pace, krista taggartSara pace, krista taggart
Sara pace, krista taggart
 
Author study
Author studyAuthor study
Author study
 
Related texts for belonging
Related texts for belongingRelated texts for belonging
Related texts for belonging
 
Assignment 4
Assignment 4Assignment 4
Assignment 4
 
Lesson 3
Lesson 3Lesson 3
Lesson 3
 
Intro to Hamlet for academy
Intro to Hamlet for academyIntro to Hamlet for academy
Intro to Hamlet for academy
 
Fmp pitch
Fmp pitchFmp pitch
Fmp pitch
 
Genaral
GenaralGenaral
Genaral
 
Eyre genres
Eyre genresEyre genres
Eyre genres
 
Summer Reading List 2011
Summer Reading List 2011Summer Reading List 2011
Summer Reading List 2011
 
Me and My Movies
Me and My MoviesMe and My Movies
Me and My Movies
 

Mehr von Robin Brenner

Massachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA Literature
Massachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA LiteratureMassachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA Literature
Massachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA LiteratureRobin Brenner
 
Pop Culture in Libraries
Pop Culture in LibrariesPop Culture in Libraries
Pop Culture in LibrariesRobin Brenner
 
Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009
Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009
Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009Robin Brenner
 

Mehr von Robin Brenner (6)

Massachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA Literature
Massachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA LiteratureMassachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA Literature
Massachusetts Teen Summit 2013: Fandom and YA Literature
 
Teen services 2012
Teen services 2012Teen services 2012
Teen services 2012
 
Manga literacy 2012
Manga literacy 2012Manga literacy 2012
Manga literacy 2012
 
NSLS 2010
NSLS 2010NSLS 2010
NSLS 2010
 
Pop Culture in Libraries
Pop Culture in LibrariesPop Culture in Libraries
Pop Culture in Libraries
 
Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009
Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009
Hot Graphic Novels for MSLA 2009
 

Fandom and YA literature YA lit symposium 2012

  • 1. YA Literature and Fandom presented by Robin Brenner, Liz Burns, Leslee Friedman, and Aja Romano
  • 2. “Fan fiction is what literature might look like if it were reinvented from scratch after a nuclear apocalypse by a band of brilliant pop-culture junkies trapped in a sealed bunker. They don’t do it for money. That’s not what it’s about. The writers write it and put it up online just for the satisfaction. They’re fans, but they’re not silent, couchbound consumers of media. The culture talks to them, and they talk back to the culture in its own language.” The Boy Who Lived Forever -Lev Grossman, Time Magazine
  • 3. What is fandom? • The idea of fandom developed in the 19th century, originally in reference to sports fans. In the ’20s, the sci-fi community adopted the term, and it’s been around ever since. • What can be a fandom? Anything! One might be a fan of cats, for example, and make fanvids, stories, art, and cute gifs about them. Basically, the Internet is the cat fandom. • OK, seriously, what’s with all the interest in making straight men gay? Fandom is subversive. If a canonical worldview is entirely straight-white-male, then fans will actively resist it. Freeing homoerotic subtexts from restrictive source canons is a rebellion against heteronormative constraints.
  • 4. Speaking like a fan • Canon • Fanfiction • Pairing • Fanon • Cosplay • OTP (one true pairing) • AU (alternate universe) • Fanvids • Ship (short for relationship) • PWP (plot what plot?) • Filk (fan music) • Gen (no romance) • Crossovers • Crafts • Het/Slash/Femslash (m/f, m/m, f/f romance) • RPF (real people fiction)
  • 5. The legal thing • Fanfiction has been around since Virgil read The Iliad and said to himself, “But what about Aeneas? I want to know more about him!” ...These are impulses that have existed for centuries and have nothing to do with the creativity or morality of the writer—only the love they have for the source material. • The debate over the legality of fanfiction centers around whether you believe fanfiction is derivative or transformative. "Derivative work" implies that the secondary work adds nothing to the original source in value. "Transformative work" implies that the fic is building on to what the canon started. • Fanfiction’s free status generally keeps it safe from lawsuits, although not from cease-and-desist letters. However, if a case can be made for the fanwork as transformative, the U.S. copyright “fair use” clause is fully protective of the work, whether it is done for free or for profit. • Legally, courts are undecided about whether fanwork is derivative or transformative. The Wind Done Gone (published fanfiction of Gone With the Wind) was ruled transformative, but then a sequel to Catcher in the Rye failed the transformative work test just three years ago.
  • 6. Pride The King Little and Odyssey Lear Women Prejudice The Pride The Mrs. Sherlock Illiad Dalloway Holmes Wizard and of OZ Prejudice Robinson Sherlock Jane Crusoe Beowulf Holmes Eyre
  • 7. Pride The King Little and Odyssey Lear Women Prejudice The Pride The Mrs. Sherlock Illiad Dalloway Holmes Wizard and of OZ Prejudice Robinson Sherlock Jane Crusoe Beowulf Holmes Eyre
  • 8. Much Ado Sherlock Charles Jane Hamlet About Holmes Dickens Eyre Nothing Persuasion The Strange Case of Pride Jane Twelfth Dr. Jekyl Macbeth and Eyre Night and Prejudice Mr. Hyde Edgar The Turn Romeo Don Frankenstein Othello Allen Poe Hamlet of the and Juliet Quixote Screw Sherlock
  • 9. Much Ado Sherlock Charles Jane Hamlet About Holmes Dickens Eyre Nothing Persuasion The Strange Case of Pride Jane Twelfth Dr. Jekyl Macbeth and Eyre Night and Prejudice Mr. Hyde Edgar The Turn Romeo Don Frankenstein Othello Allen Poe Hamlet of the and Juliet Quixote Screw Sherlock
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Curseworkers fan art by D. Rodil
  • 13.
  • 14. Fandom is... • Fun! Escapism is a bit part of the appeal • Creative. Remixing and reinvention is the norm. • Quality. It may take some digging, but high quality work is what makes fans stick around. • Inclusive. Participants find representation in fan works that they are missing in traditional works.
  • 15. Fandom is... • Speculative. Fans love filling in gaps, asking what if, and expanding favorite universes. • Focused on relationships. Shipping is key to many fans, and they are finding their romance fix online rather than in print. • All about characters. More than worlds, fan works allow fans to spend time with, critique and reimagine their favorites.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. 100 Number of Respondents 80 60 40 20 0 1 5 10 13 16 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Age of Respondents 50 Number of Respondents 40 30 20 10 0 1 5 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Age Discovered Fandom
  • 20. How do your describe your gender? MaleOther 5% 3% Female 93%
  • 21. Questioning Asexual Gay/Lesbian 2% 3% 4% Mostly Gay/Lesbian How do 5% your describe Straight 40% Bisexual 24% Mostly Straight 22%
  • 22. Where do fans participate? Teens Adults • fanfiction.net • Livejournal • tumblr • Archive of • deviantArt Our Own • YouTube • tumblr • Livejournal • Archive of Our • Fanfiction.net Own • Fandom archives • Dreamwidth
  • 23. How do teens participate? • 97% read fanfiction, looked at fanart, or watched fanvids • 85% written fanfiction • 79% participated actively in fandom communities • 55% created fan art
  • 24. Why fandom? “I like the endless remixing. I like the incredible talent and creativity people show. I like how the familiar (characters I know, at least from other sources) remain familiar and yet change. I like the interconnectedness of it, how fanwork is in a conversation with other fanworks and with the fannish community. I like that my standards and interests are the norm in my part of fandom, not the exception. I like that there are warnings, that I can find what interests me by tag, and that I can read exactly what I'm looking for. I like that it's free, created in a gift culture, something that is made for love and shared out of love. I like that I never run out of things to read.”
  • 25. Fandom criticizes “Fanworks are the branding that help me to appreciate a franchise better. When someone tries to sell me on a show/book/movie, they usually try a certain premise or emotion that will appeal to me. Fanworks are the other end - there's nothing left to spoil, we know how everything turns out, and now we can get down to the analysis, commentary, remixing, and laughs.”
  • 26. Superheroines in sweaters by Hanie Mohd haniemohd.tumblr.com
  • 27. Fandom is community “I've made several friends who are just as nerdy as I am, even if they don't go to my school or live in the same city. It's reassuring as a teenager, when the social pressures of high school are very real and very present, to know that it's ok to love something enough to interact with it the way you do with a fandom.”
  • 28. Fandom dislikes “Bad spelling or grammar, weird narrative conventions, kinks that squick me, animal harm and death, child harm and death, torture porn, sloppy storytelling, characters who cry constantly when in reality you could destroy their world in front of them and they would barely flinch, everything. Every flaw that you can find in published work is in fan fiction, too. But in fan fiction, I can hit the back button and easily find something better.”
  • 29. Fandom teaches “I'm writing more and better, and I have a much clearer perception of how important it is to have depth and subtext - reading the volume of fic I have has made me a more critical reader in a way that public-school English classes couldn't (robotically finding and interpreting literary elements is dull work that does not necessarily encourage complex thought).”
  • 30. Fandom fills gaps “It's given me endless amounts of joy, introduced me to the entire concept of gay...as a completely non-controversial thing thus probably shaping my entire life past 7th grade: I have no idea how me figuring out I liked girls would have happened without fandom, but as was, it was literally a completely nondramatic affair.”
  • 31. Authorship “It's certainly made me appreciate more just how difficult creative work can be. Mostly, though, it's made me feel that once you have created an original work and let it out into the world, those characters you've created are no longer entirely yours. Every person who reads about them or sees them will take those characters into themselves and read something different into them, and all of those readings are equally valid and equally fascinating.”
  • 32. When is it ok to make money off of fan works? • 87% writing about fan culture • 81% creating and attending conferences • 73% from crafts and costumes • 52% selling fanwork once copyright has expired • 46% rewriting an AU fic and publishing it • 10% publishing fanfic without alteration
  • 33. Fandom inspires “When the spirit moves you, you create, even if it's a 500 word drabble about werewolves in space.” “I began writing fanfiction 3.5 yrs ago and after I developed a substantial following, I eventually started writing original fiction. I've now been published, something I wouldn't have imagined before I became heavily involved in fandom.”
  • 34. Fandom encourages “Before fandoms, I thought you needed a fancy degree or a medal from the queen to write ACTUAL stories. But when I figured out that there is more to life then internet explorer and neopets, I realized that kids were writing. Everyone was writing. And everyone could do it. Then I started to do it. AND LIKE WOAH. I honestly think I started writing stories because I started out writing fanfiction. And now I want to minor in creative writing. ”
  • 35. The Malfoy family in the style of Earl Oliver Hurst by Makani (website | deviantArt | Art Challenge)
  • 36. Calvin and Hobbes fanart by kizer180 | deviantArt Calvin and Hobbes by ontheshoresofthebroken
  • 37.
  • 38. The Hunger Games by Faith Erin Hicks | deviantArt
  • 39. William Riker by John Allison Creator of Scary Go Round
  • 40. Kate Beaton Hark a Vagrant! #213 Science Bros parody of Kate Beaton by nikitomuchachos
  • 41. The various Sherlocks by lowlighter, lowlighter.tumblr.com Sherlock fanart by sdkay
  • 42. Soldier by J.C. Leyendecker Captain America aka Steve Rogers, by 菊叔
  • 44. Avengers fanart by Noelle Stevenson | gingerhaze.tumblr.com

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. \n
  2. \n
  3. \n
  4. \n
  5. \n
  6. \n
  7. \n
  8. \n
  9. \n
  10. \n
  11. \n
  12. \n
  13. \n
  14. \n
  15. \n
  16. \n
  17. \n
  18. \n
  19. \n
  20. \n
  21. \n
  22. \n
  23. \n
  24. \n
  25. \n
  26. \n
  27. \n
  28. \n
  29. \n
  30. \n
  31. \n
  32. \n
  33. \n
  34. \n
  35. \n
  36. \n
  37. \n
  38. \n
  39. \n
  40. \n
  41. \n
  42. \n
  43. \n
  44. \n
  45. \n
  46. \n
  47. \n
  48. \n
  49. \n
  50. \n
  51. \n
  52. \n
  53. \n
  54. \n
  55. \n
  56. \n
  57. \n
  58. \n
  59. \n
  60. \n
  61. \n
  62. \n
  63. \n
  64. \n
  65. \n
  66. \n
  67. \n
  68. \n
  69. \n
  70. \n
  71. \n