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PREPOSITIONS
WHAT ARE
PREPOSITONS?
• Prepositions are connecting words/bridge words.
• They show relationship.
Preposition
position
pre
“A preposition precedes a noun(or a pronoun) to
show noun’s(or the pronoun’s) relationship to
another word in the sentence”.
CONFUSED?
Let’s take an example !
The dog is……my bed.
In the above sentence there is a gap, we need a word to connect
the noun “bed” to rest of the sentence. So a preposition fits in and
the best preposition would be “on”.
The dog is on my bed.
Prepositions can also appear at the beginning of the sentence but
their function remains the same.
Outside the window the birds are singing.
 Preposition is “on”.
 It precedes the noun “bed”.
 It shows the relationship between “dog” and “bed”(where the dog is).
 Preposition is “Outside”.
 It precedes the noun “window”.
 It shows the relationship between “birds” and “window”(where the
birds are singing).
Object of preposition
The dog is on my bed.
The cow jumped over the moon.
“The noun that comes after the preposition is called object
of preposition.”
Preposition is “on”.
Object of preposition is “bed”.
Preposition is “over”.
Object of preposition is “moon”.
The dog is on my bed.
 Preposition “on” is defining the relationship between “dog”
and “bed”.
 The preposition shows “where” the dog is.
Preposition
Object of
Preposition
relationship
KINDS of
PREPOSITIONS
according to
FUNCTIONALITY
?
Prepositions of Place
 The apple is on the table.
 Ria enjoys skating around the lake.
 The cat is under the table.
 Some geese flew over their house.
 John and Sarah were hiding inside the wardrobe.
 There was a tree beside the river.
 I am behind the door.
 Clothes are in the bucket.
Some prepositions show where something happens. They
are called prepositions of place.
Prepositions of Time
 School starts at nine o’clock.
 We’re going to the zoo on Saturday.
 I visited my grandparents during the summer.
 You must finish the work by Friday.
Some prepositions show when something happens. They
are called prepositions of time.
Prepositions of Direction
 The boys chased after each other.
 The football rolled down the hill.
 A man was walking his dog along the riverbank.
 The freeway goes right through the city.
 We were travelling towards Miami
Some prepositions show where something is going. They
are called prepositions of direction.
Prepositions of Agent or Instrument
 Ramayana was written by Valmiki .
 She was hit by a car while she was going to school.
 She graduated with an honors degree.
 I opened my closet with a key.
 She came to the school by car.
These prepositions indicate that an action conducted on a
noun is caused by another noun. They are called
prepositions of Agent.
Prepositions of Purpose and Source
 He goes for a walk
 I read for pleasure
 He got a prize for bravery.
 I had to suffer for your behavior
 The earth receives light from the sun.
 He did the help from gratitude.
These include for and from respectively.
For expresses purpose, reason, cause.
From expresses origination.
Prepositions of Measure or
possession - of
 I need a pound of cheese.
 One third of the students were present in the class.
 He is a man of wealth.
 She is the daughter of a rich man.
 The pen is made of wood.
 The dress is made of silk.
Preposition of can be used to quantify a noun, indicate that
one noun owns another noun, show the material with
which something is made.
CONGRATULATIONS!
You just learned
TYPES OF PREPOSITIONS
on the
BASIS OF FUNCTIONALITY
But remember,
There is no hard and fast rule.
Prepositions need to be learned in context with the
other words they are used with,
trying to understand why we say: in the car but on the
bus will only frustrate you.
THANK YOU
&
HAPPY LEARNING


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Understanding Prepositions: What They Are and How They Function

  • 3. • Prepositions are connecting words/bridge words. • They show relationship. Preposition position pre “A preposition precedes a noun(or a pronoun) to show noun’s(or the pronoun’s) relationship to another word in the sentence”.
  • 5. The dog is……my bed. In the above sentence there is a gap, we need a word to connect the noun “bed” to rest of the sentence. So a preposition fits in and the best preposition would be “on”. The dog is on my bed. Prepositions can also appear at the beginning of the sentence but their function remains the same. Outside the window the birds are singing.  Preposition is “on”.  It precedes the noun “bed”.  It shows the relationship between “dog” and “bed”(where the dog is).  Preposition is “Outside”.  It precedes the noun “window”.  It shows the relationship between “birds” and “window”(where the birds are singing).
  • 6. Object of preposition The dog is on my bed. The cow jumped over the moon. “The noun that comes after the preposition is called object of preposition.” Preposition is “on”. Object of preposition is “bed”. Preposition is “over”. Object of preposition is “moon”.
  • 7. The dog is on my bed.  Preposition “on” is defining the relationship between “dog” and “bed”.  The preposition shows “where” the dog is. Preposition Object of Preposition relationship
  • 9. Prepositions of Place  The apple is on the table.  Ria enjoys skating around the lake.  The cat is under the table.  Some geese flew over their house.  John and Sarah were hiding inside the wardrobe.  There was a tree beside the river.  I am behind the door.  Clothes are in the bucket. Some prepositions show where something happens. They are called prepositions of place.
  • 10. Prepositions of Time  School starts at nine o’clock.  We’re going to the zoo on Saturday.  I visited my grandparents during the summer.  You must finish the work by Friday. Some prepositions show when something happens. They are called prepositions of time.
  • 11. Prepositions of Direction  The boys chased after each other.  The football rolled down the hill.  A man was walking his dog along the riverbank.  The freeway goes right through the city.  We were travelling towards Miami Some prepositions show where something is going. They are called prepositions of direction.
  • 12. Prepositions of Agent or Instrument  Ramayana was written by Valmiki .  She was hit by a car while she was going to school.  She graduated with an honors degree.  I opened my closet with a key.  She came to the school by car. These prepositions indicate that an action conducted on a noun is caused by another noun. They are called prepositions of Agent.
  • 13. Prepositions of Purpose and Source  He goes for a walk  I read for pleasure  He got a prize for bravery.  I had to suffer for your behavior  The earth receives light from the sun.  He did the help from gratitude. These include for and from respectively. For expresses purpose, reason, cause. From expresses origination.
  • 14. Prepositions of Measure or possession - of  I need a pound of cheese.  One third of the students were present in the class.  He is a man of wealth.  She is the daughter of a rich man.  The pen is made of wood.  The dress is made of silk. Preposition of can be used to quantify a noun, indicate that one noun owns another noun, show the material with which something is made.
  • 15. CONGRATULATIONS! You just learned TYPES OF PREPOSITIONS on the BASIS OF FUNCTIONALITY
  • 16. But remember, There is no hard and fast rule. Prepositions need to be learned in context with the other words they are used with, trying to understand why we say: in the car but on the bus will only frustrate you.