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Introduction to health

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH DR. NAIF IZZATULLAH ABDULJABBAR MBBS MSc of public health
  2. 2. • Definition Of Preventive Medicine • Definition Of Public Health • Definition Of Community Medicine • The Main Branches Of Community Medicine • Definition Of Health By WHO • Concept Of Health • Holistic Health Dimensions And Health Dimensions • Social Determinants Of Health Table of contents
  3. 3. Preventive Medicine is a medical science focuses on the health of individuals and populations in order to protect, promote, and maintain health and well-being, and to prevent disease, disability, and pre-mature death.
  4. 4. Public Health The “science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health and efficiency, through organized community effort for the sanitation of the environment, control of communicable infections, education of the individual in personal hygiene, organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment”
  5. 5. Community Medicine came in to existence when the Royal College of Physicians, London, decided to change its faculty of Public Health to faculty of Community Medicine in 1969-70. Immediately in many countries, including Sudan, the name Public Health was changed to Community Medicine. Community Medicine
  6. 6. Main branches of Community Medicine Preventive Medicine 1. Epidemiology 2. Health Systems 3. Biostatistics 4. Research Social Medicine: The field of social medicine seeks to implement social care through understanding how social and economic conditions impact health, disease and the practice of medicine
  7. 7. Definition of health by WHO Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  8. 8. Introduction to concept of health • An understanding of health is the basis of all the health care • Health is not perceived the same way by all the members of a community including various professional groups (like biomedical scientists, social scientists, health administrators, ecologists) giving rise to confusion about the concept of health.
  9. 9. Concept of Health Biomedical Concept Ecological Concept Psychosocial concepts Holistic Concept
  10. 10. Biomedical Concept health has been viewed as an “absence of disease” and if one has free from disease, then the person was considered healthy. has the basis in the ‘germ theory of disease’. Ecological Concept The ecologist put forward an attractive hypothesis which viewed health as a dynamic equilibrium between man and his environment.
  11. 11. Holistic Concept (THE MOST IMPORTANT) Implies that all sectors of society have an affect on health, in particular, agriculture, animal husbandry, food, industry, education, housing, public works, communications and other sectors. - emphasis is on the promotion and protection of health Psychosocial concepts: Health is not only a biomedical phenomenon, but one which is influenced by social, psychological, cultural, economic and political factors of the people concerned.
  12. 12. Holistic Health Dimensions
  13. 13. Health Dimensions
  14. 14. Physical Dimensions (perfect functioning of the body) Mental Dimensions (is a state of balance between body and mind) Social Dimensions (he is able to maintain harmonious relationship with other members of society in which he lives) Spiritual Dimensions ( in touch with deeper self and exploration the purpose of life) Emotional Dimensions ( emotionally healthy person has a positive thinking and is capable of coping and adjusting self) Vocational Dimensions (The choice of profession, job satisfaction, career ambitions and personal performance)
  15. 15. Social Determinants of Health
  16. 16. • What are the downstream, midstream and upstream determinant of health Home work
  17. 17. References • Preventive & Social Medicine- K.Park • Textbook of Preventive & Social Medicine- M C Gupta, B K Mahajan • http://www.babylon.com/definition/CURATIVE_MEDICINE/English
  18. 18. Thank you

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