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CASE PRESENTATION ON 
CYSTITIS IN SHEEP 
VCP-411 
SUBMITTED BY: 
NANCY JASROTIA 
( VB-2K11-1067)
CASE NO : 1457 
HISTORY TAKING 
PATIENT DATA : 
• Owner’s name & Address: 
Majid shah, R/O Khalmulla 
• Species & Breed: 
...
EXAMINATION OF THE PATIENT 
• Straddling gait 
• Urinating posture was maintained for some time even 
after urination had ...
PHYSICAL EXAMINATION: 
• Temp : 102.6 oF 
• H/R :80 beats/min 
• R/R :16 breaths/min 
• Mucus membrane :slightly pink 
• R...
LABORATORY INVESTIGATION: 
• urine pH : 7.5 
• Rumen pH: 7.1 
• Colour of urine: dark straw colored
FINAL DIAGNOSIS : 
CYSTITIS
TREATMENT: 
• Inj. Enrocin 
3ml I/M OD X 5 days 
• Bol. Bovirum 
1 boli BID p/o X 3 days 
• Inj. Spasmovet 
2ml I/M OD X 2...
Animal recovered from the disease …..
CYSTITIS
• Inflammation of the urinary bladder which is usually 
characterized clinically by frequent ,painful urination and the 
p...
PATHOGENESIS : 
• Normally , there is bladder wash out . 
• In case of disease : 
FACTOR(S) : 
TRAUMA, TUMOR ,etc…. 
RETEN...
CLINICAL FINDINGS: 
• Dull & depression 
• Frequent desire to urinate 
• pollakiuria 
• oligouria 
• Stranguria 
• dysuria...
CLINICAL PATHOLOGY : 
Acute cystitis: 
• pyuria ,cloudy urine 
• Haematuria 
• Ammonia odour of urine 
• Turbid urine (in ...
DIAGNOSIS: 
• Clinical findings 
• Urine analysis: 
physical examination – 
o urine volume: decreased 
o colour: dark red ...
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: 
• Cystic urolithiasis 
- urine voided in drops 
• Pyelonephritis 
- lesions in the kidney
LINE OF TREATMENT : 
(3) procedures : 
1. removal of causative factor 
2. flush out the pathogenic org. 
3. combatment of ...
• removal of calculi , neoplasm etc. 
• Bladder irrigation w/ 1:1000 glycerine – 
acriflavin . Use of antiseptics like hex...
•Urinary antispasmodics 
•In –vitro AST 
(nitrofurantoin , trimethoprim and sulphadiazine 
are found to be effective.)
THANK YOU ALL...
cystitis in sheep
cystitis in sheep
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cystitis in sheep

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a case of cystitis in sheep which was diagnosed in veterinary college ,kashmir

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cystitis in sheep

  1. 1. CASE PRESENTATION ON CYSTITIS IN SHEEP VCP-411 SUBMITTED BY: NANCY JASROTIA ( VB-2K11-1067)
  2. 2. CASE NO : 1457 HISTORY TAKING PATIENT DATA : • Owner’s name & Address: Majid shah, R/O Khalmulla • Species & Breed: Ovine , Crossbred • Sex & Age : Female , 2 .5 yrs HISTORY OF THE PATIENT: • unable to void urine completely • oligouria w/ frequent micturition • anorexia • water intake was unaltered…………………………….since last 24 hrs
  3. 3. EXAMINATION OF THE PATIENT • Straddling gait • Urinating posture was maintained for some time even after urination had actually ceased • pollakiuria
  4. 4. PHYSICAL EXAMINATION: • Temp : 102.6 oF • H/R :80 beats/min • R/R :16 breaths/min • Mucus membrane :slightly pink • Rumen motility: nil • Abdomen felt distended upon palpation
  5. 5. LABORATORY INVESTIGATION: • urine pH : 7.5 • Rumen pH: 7.1 • Colour of urine: dark straw colored
  6. 6. FINAL DIAGNOSIS : CYSTITIS
  7. 7. TREATMENT: • Inj. Enrocin 3ml I/M OD X 5 days • Bol. Bovirum 1 boli BID p/o X 3 days • Inj. Spasmovet 2ml I/M OD X 2 days
  8. 8. Animal recovered from the disease …..
  9. 9. CYSTITIS
  10. 10. • Inflammation of the urinary bladder which is usually characterized clinically by frequent ,painful urination and the presence of blood , inflammatory cells and bacteria in the urine ETIOLOGY : • Trauma & tumor • Infection -bacterial pathogens : E.coli , Staphylococcus ,Streptococcus in small animals , C. renale in cattle, Eubacterium renale in pigs, Haemophilus haemoglobinophilus in dogs. • Common associations : - cystic calculus - difficult parturition - contaminated catheterization - as a sequel to paralysis of bladder - late pregnancy
  11. 11. PATHOGENESIS : • Normally , there is bladder wash out . • In case of disease : FACTOR(S) : TRAUMA, TUMOR ,etc…. RETENTION OF URINE MICROBIAL MULTIPLICATION INVASION OF BLADDER EP. ,SHEDDING & HAEMMORHAGE LARGE NO. OF PUS CELLS, W.B.C., R.B.C. IN URINE
  12. 12. CLINICAL FINDINGS: • Dull & depression • Frequent desire to urinate • pollakiuria • oligouria • Stranguria • dysuria • Palpation of bladder will reveal painful condition • straddling gait In case of a bacterial component : -systemic signs including lethargy and anorexia Chronic case : similar signs but less marked
  13. 13. CLINICAL PATHOLOGY : Acute cystitis: • pyuria ,cloudy urine • Haematuria • Ammonia odour of urine • Turbid urine (in less severe case) • bacteriuria Chronic cystitis: • Polypoid cystitis: polypoid like projections from the mucosa that resemble neoplasms • Emphysematous cystitis • Feline idiopathic cystitis - no gross abnormality in urine Microscopically : - presence of erythrocytes, leukocytes & desquamated epithelial cells in urine sediment .
  14. 14. DIAGNOSIS: • Clinical findings • Urine analysis: physical examination – o urine volume: decreased o colour: dark red to brown o transparency : cloudy o specific gravity: high chemical examination-o pH : alkaline o benzidine test for blood detection : - haematuria o presence of epithelial cells , pus,bacteria • Ultrasound : to identify pathology • Cystogram using air or contrast media
  15. 15. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: • Cystic urolithiasis - urine voided in drops • Pyelonephritis - lesions in the kidney
  16. 16. LINE OF TREATMENT : (3) procedures : 1. removal of causative factor 2. flush out the pathogenic org. 3. combatment of infection
  17. 17. • removal of calculi , neoplasm etc. • Bladder irrigation w/ 1:1000 glycerine – acriflavin . Use of antiseptics like hexamine , etc. • Urinary acidifiers s/a Na acid phosphate, NH4Cl@40mg/kg B.W. • Large quantities of fluid ( DNS)
  18. 18. •Urinary antispasmodics •In –vitro AST (nitrofurantoin , trimethoprim and sulphadiazine are found to be effective.)
  19. 19. THANK YOU ALL...

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