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a slide that throws light on some of the important aspects for interview.

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  1. 1. STRESS
  2. 2. Presentation Format <ul><li>Types of Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>ABC’s of Interviewing </li></ul><ul><li>Before the Interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do Your Homework </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the Interview </li></ul><ul><li>After the Interview </li></ul>
  3. 3. ABC ’s of the Job Interview <ul><li>A lways </li></ul><ul><li>B eware of </li></ul><ul><li>C rash and Burn </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A lways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research the company with a focus on customers and competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research can be done on the internet, by reading annual reports, and by talking with credible people in the industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide examples of when you have successfully worked in team environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate creativity and responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>B eware of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Having an “I” attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t overstate your accomplishments - be honest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiating too early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doing this during the job interview sends a message that you are more interested in money than the job </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being too casual with the interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize that the job interview starts when you first arrive and does not end until you are out the door and on your way home </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>C rash and Burn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Displaying bad manners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor etiquette and boorish manners send a message to the interviewer that you will behave that way with clients </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demeaning your current or past employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a very small world, and reputations are made and broken on the basis of sometimes unknown relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being dishonest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An interview is the time to put the best spin possible on your career, but not at the cost of your integrity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Types Of Interviews <ul><li>Rotating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like one-to-one with different interviewers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6-8 candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group observed while discussing topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of group interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-5 interviewers, or as many as 13!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to identify different roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to interviewer, include others through eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May involve presentation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Before The Interview <ul><li>Review your skills -- be positive and honor your achievements. Do not underestimate your skills. Write your top accomplishments down on paper </li></ul><ul><li>Know your resume well. Look at ways that your qualifications meet the job description </li></ul><ul><li>Are there things NOT on your resume that are relevant to the job? </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize areas for improvement and develop a plan for downplaying these weaknesses in the interview </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Become very familiar with the job description and the requirements for the position </li></ul><ul><li>List the specific qualifications and requirements sought by the employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Match these qualifications with the accomplishments that you already wrote down </li></ul><ul><li>In order to support this, identify and list specific examples (quantify if possible) of your past accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to answer questions regarding gaps in your skill level </li></ul>Know the Specifics of the Job
  10. 10. Know the Employer <ul><li>You should learn as much about the company as you can </li></ul><ul><li>Company website. Know it well! </li></ul><ul><li>Company literature </li></ul><ul><li>Annual reports </li></ul><ul><li>Network with current employees </li></ul><ul><li>Attend employer informational session at the Career Center, if applicable </li></ul>
  11. 11. Do Your Homework <ul><li>Employers’ Web Sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best place to “see” the company as it wants to be seen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the annual report, look for press releases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for the “head of R&D” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get vital statistics and independent perspectives on the employer from On-line resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at financial data, list of competitors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>News Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find general interest web sites to see what they say about this employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find hometown newspapers on-line to read about this employer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade Journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read these for new products, find its place in the industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry Directories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you belong to a professional organization go to its directory </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. During the Interview <ul><li>Arrive 15 minutes early to allow time to relax and complete any paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the interviewer’s name and greet with a firm handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you have a clear understanding of the job and the company </li></ul><ul><li>Consider offering examples of your work </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Structure your answers to speak to your qualifications, be concrete and detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to answer ALL parts of a question </li></ul><ul><li>Closure and timeline for decision </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You and a firm handshake </li></ul>
  14. 14. Don’t Forget YOU <ul><li>Employers Interest – </li></ul><ul><li>To know YOU as a person. </li></ul><ul><li>Your Experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Your opinion. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Sit & think about yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Make notes about your work records. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>What ambitions do you have. </li></ul><ul><li>Find your interest areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Find your strengths. </li></ul><ul><li>Find your weaknesses. </li></ul>Discover ‘YOU’
  16. 16. Watch the Body Language <ul><li>First impressions very powerful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halo effect or Devil effect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allow time to relax </li></ul><ul><li>Dress appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance, introductions & handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Smile and make eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of own movements </li></ul><ul><li>Watch body language of interviewer </li></ul>
  17. 17. What creates a bad impression <ul><li>Poor personal appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Negative attitude – evasive, using excuses </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest and enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Poor knowledge of role </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to give concrete examples of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Over emphasis on money/rewards </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of career plan </li></ul>
  18. 18. Positive Body Language <ul><li>Positive Entrance </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxed Smile </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Straight Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Firm Handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Leaning Slightly Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Hand Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Feet Flat on Floor </li></ul>
  19. 19. Negative Body Language <ul><li>Lack of Enthusiasm or Curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Frowning </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Staring </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Crossed </li></ul><ul><li>Hands Clenched </li></ul><ul><li>Looking at Watch </li></ul>
  20. 20. Uneven Shoulders and torso <ul><li>Weighing options </li></ul>
  21. 21. Shoulder Tension <ul><li>Anxiousness, wants to be left alone </li></ul>
  22. 22. Hand as fist <ul><li>Irritated, angry </li></ul>
  23. 23. Hand to Head <ul><li>Signals concentration </li></ul>
  24. 24. Hand over Mouth <ul><li>Hiding words or expressions. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Head Angled <ul><li>Interested and involved </li></ul>
  26. 26. Raised Eyebrows <ul><li>Anger </li></ul>
  27. 27. Forehead Raised <ul><li>Sign of strong emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise, anxiety or sadness </li></ul>
  28. 28. Nostrils Flaring <ul><li>Smelling something wrong, </li></ul><ul><li>a threat sign because of anger or irritation. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Pursed Lips <ul><li>Decision Making or thinking things through </li></ul>
  30. 30. Legs Crossed <ul><li>Crossing legs at the knee with toes relaxed is the Commonest option for women </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing legs at ankle is less feminine than crossing at the knee. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Tips Regarding Attire (Men) <ul><li>If possible, wear a suit to the interview </li></ul><ul><li>Belt and shoes should be same color </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid ties with elaborate patterns or too many colors </li></ul><ul><li>A wedding ring and/or watch is generally the only jewelry that should be worn </li></ul><ul><li>Head to Toe: Hair should be well groomed and shoes should be polished </li></ul>
  32. 32. Who Would You Hire?
  33. 33. Tips Regarding Attire (Women) <ul><li>A suit or dress is preferable </li></ul><ul><li>Skirts should meet at the top of the knee or longer </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of jewelry should be minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Make-up should be light </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid perfumes and scented powders </li></ul>
  34. 34. Stylish Look, But Not For An Interview
  35. 35. Stylish, And Ready To Interview
  36. 36. Starting The Interview <ul><li>Be sure to arrive 10 to 15 minutes prior to the start of the interview </li></ul><ul><li>Greet the interviewer with a firm handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain good eye contact and posture </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you are energetic and enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly and articulate </li></ul>
  37. 37. Typical Questions <ul><li>About you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell me about yourself - Bring me up to date with your CV? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did you choose that particular degree programme? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What experience have you had that is relevant to this post? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would you consider your major achievements to date? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>About the job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What interests you about this job? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you know about this organisation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What other options are you considering? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you see your career developing – 5 years? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you were Head of Department, what would be your priorities? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think of the Government’s policy on college fees? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think about President Abdul Kalam </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Why do you want to work here? </li></ul><ul><li>Why should I hire you? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do for us that other candidates can’t? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you leave your (are you leaving) your job? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your strengths and weaknesses? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your goals? </li></ul><ul><li>When were you most satisfied with your job? </li></ul>Typical Interview Questions
  39. 39. Other Type of Questions <ul><li>“ What if” Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No experience - how are you likely to respond to a situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Probing Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How exactly did you deal with the situation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did you know it worked? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did you feel about the outcome? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could you have handled it differently? </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Competency-based Interviews <ul><li>Company identifies key skills required for job </li></ul><ul><li>Designs questions to elicit evidence of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on past behaviour as predictor of success </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork: Describe a team project you worked on. What problems arose? How did you deal with them? </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills: Describe situation when you had to persuade others to support your view. Give an example of any reports you’ve written which illustrate your writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal skills : What kinds of people do you find it difficult to work with? How do you handle those situations? </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Responsibility: Describe a time when you took responsibility to achieve a challenging goal </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving : Tell about a time when you had several tasks to manage at one time with conflicting deadlines. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Preparing for Competency Interview <ul><li>Identify the competencies required for job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review job description or ask for information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Define each competency in behavioural terms </li></ul><ul><li>Identify past experience to illustrate how you demonstrated that behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare examples for each competency </li></ul><ul><li>Practice talking about your experience </li></ul><ul><li>Try to give a complete answer - STAR </li></ul>
  42. 42. Responding to Competency Questions <ul><li>Q Give me an example of a problem you encountered. How did you approach it. What was the outcome? </li></ul><ul><li>STAR response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S: Describe the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T: Explain the task/problem that arose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: What action did you take? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R: What was the result or outcome? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you learn from this experience? </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Your Answers <ul><li>Listen carefully, seek clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate answers with real examples and evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Be positive – constructive criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Keep answers specific and succinct </li></ul><ul><li>Take time to respond </li></ul><ul><li>Be alert to interviewer’s body language </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly, smile and show enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Know what you want to say, and find the opportunity </li></ul>
  44. 44. Your Questions <ul><li>Training programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Career development opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Types of projects & responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting structure </li></ul><ul><li>Performance appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Profile of staff </li></ul><ul><li>Questions about topics raised in interview </li></ul><ul><li>What happens next? </li></ul>
  45. 45. After the Interview <ul><li>Review own performance </li></ul><ul><li>what went well </li></ul><ul><li>what went badly </li></ul><ul><li>what you wished you had said </li></ul><ul><li>prepare for next stage </li></ul><ul><li>Invitation to second / final round interviews </li></ul><ul><li>assessment centre </li></ul><ul><li>psychometric testing </li></ul><ul><li>panel interview </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection letter / email </li></ul><ul><li>if you can request feedback - use it </li></ul>
  46. 46. Follow-Up <ul><li>Be sure to send a “thank you” after you have interviewed </li></ul><ul><li>A hand-written card is preferred </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel you have poor handwriting, then a typed letter may be a better option </li></ul><ul><li>Mail the card or letter on the same day as your interview </li></ul>
  47. 47. AFTER the Interview <ul><li>Write down notes after you leave the building </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up with thanks by sending a note to your contact </li></ul>