Business model driven cloud adoption - what NI is doing in the cloud
National Instruments<br />
Business Model Driven Cloud Adoption: What NI Is Doing In The Cloud<br />Ernest Mueller<br />Cloud Architect, LabVIEW R&D<br />email@example.com @ernestmueller http://theagileadmin.com<br />
The Short Form<br />We built a DevOps team to rapidly deliver new SaaS products and product functionality using cloud hosting and services (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) as the platform and operations, using model driven automation, as a key differentiating element.<br />With this approach we have delivered multiple major products to market quickly with a very small staffing and financial outlay.<br />
National Instruments (aka “NI”)<br />30 years old; 5000+ employees around the world, half in Austin, mostly engineers; $873M in 2010<br />Hardware and software for data acquisition, embedded design, instrument control, and test<br /><ul><li>LabVIEW isour graphical dataflow programming language used by scientists and engineers in many fields</li></li></ul><li>From toys to black holes<br />
Genesis<br />Our hardware and software product strategy started to spawn software-as-a-service ideas – some from customer demand, some from internal drivers<br />There were existing product to Web integration points but these were uncoordinated and poorly maintained <br />LabVIEW R&D greenfielded an internal group in 2009 to serve as a sort of internal ISV for hosted services, the dotCom team<br />
Challenges<br />Poor R&D/IT relationship<br />Traditional siloed IT department (programmers split by business unit, infrastructure split by technology)<br />Low organizational IT agility – 6 weeks to get a server<br />Uptime problems from complexity and silos<br />On premise data centers at power/cooling capacity<br />R&D primarily experienced in desktop software and specialized, dedicated hardware, not server/Web/open<br />Consensus driven environment<br />
Now, Discover Your Strengths<br />Strong base of “best and brightest,” motivated employees<br />Culture of innovation and “do it yourself”<br />Large Web presence (ni.com) with extensive in house programming and operational experience<br />Entrepreneurial internal environment<br />Significant reinvention/retooling effort going on in R&D<br />Increasing focus on system sales and quality (performance, reliability, security) over yet-more-features<br />
Starting Fresh - Blessing and Curse<br />Everything was new, so we had to simultaneously develop:<br />Products<br />Team<br />Process<br />Systems<br />Code<br />Operations<br />System Automation<br />
The Products (“Hosted Services”)<br />Customer facing:<br />LabVIEW Web UI Builder (In early access)<br />LabVIEW FPGA Compile Cloud (In beta)<br />Technical Data Cloud (In alpha)<br />More in progress!<br />Internal facing:<br />LabVIEW.com Cloud Framework<br />Cloud Hosting<br />Operations<br />
LabVIEW Web UI Builder<br /><ul><li>Write a LabVIEW(ish) app, save it to the cloud and run it there.
Build and deploy it to an embedded target and hook it up to Web services to give it a sweet UI
Also, an experimental testbed for LabVIEW changes
Freemium model – use it for free, packaging and deploying your app to a target requires a license (compiles run in the cloud) – try it at ni.com/uibuilder
Silverlight RIA, back end on Amazon (moving to Azure soon) – EC2, S3, SimpleDB -> Azure Wen roles & blob/table storage; Java/Linux/Apache/Tomcat and .NET/IIS/Windows</li></li></ul><li>
LabVIEW FPGA Compile Cloud<br />LabVIEW FPGA compiles take hours and consume extensive system resources; compilers are getting larger and more complex<br />Implemented on Amazon - EC2, Java/Linux,C#/.NET/Windows, and LabVIEW FPGA<br />Also an on premise product, the “Compile Farm”<br />
LabVIEW FPGA Compile Cloud<br />NI Hosted Compile Service<br />User Login<br />& Rights management<br />Links to user account<br />& support<br />
Technical Data Cloud<br />“I just want to upload my sensor data directly to the cloud, man.”<br />REST and LabVIEW API that lets you upload and retrieve discrete and waveform data<br />Welcome to the Internet of Things<br />Being built on Microsoft Azure – specific bits TBD, all .NET<br />
LabVIEW.com Cloud Framework<br /><ul><li>Platform that makes the magic happen by providing base plumbing for developers of SaaS apps
Core Services - reusable Web services and facilities
ILLS (internal login & licensing services) – distributed user repo and licensing, complete with feed from Oracle and self service user portal; Java/Tomcat, OpenDS LDAP, mySQL
PIE (Programmable Infrastructure Environment) – sets up systems for you, autoscales, deploys code; uses an XML model and runtime registry; Java – more on this later!
Building out a core platform? Didn’t that slow velocity? No.</li></li></ul><li>Core Cloudlet<br />Oracle<br />Browser<br />User<br />Portal<br />LDAPMaster<br />Internal<br />Services<br />Auth Db Master<br />Web Server<br />Routing<br />License Db Master<br />PIE<br />Email<br />Queue<br />DNS<br />Load<br />Balancer<br />Install<br />Services<br />Mgmt<br />Server<br />Gateway<br />File<br />Server<br />
The Team<br />DevOps!<br />Application architect<br />Systems architect (me)<br />2 developers<br />1 system automation developer<br />Operations lead<br />2 follow-the-sun operations staff in Malaysia<br />Work with other R&D product developer teams<br />Different orgs (LabVIEW, non-LV software, hardware)<br />Geographically distributed (Austin, Aachen, Bangalore, Singapore)<br />
The Process<br />Agile!<br />All systems work used the “developer” tools and systems as part of DevOps collaboration philosophy<br />Revision control (Perforce)<br />Bug tracking (HP)<br />Specs and reviews (Atlassian Confluence wiki)<br />Task tracking and burndown (JIRA/Greenhopper)<br />All members collaborate on all aspects of the product<br />Test driven development<br />
The Systems<br />Cloud!<br />After a quick cost assessment and experimentation, decided on Amazon EC2 as our initial hosting platform<br />Needed control and agility we wouldn’t be able to get internally – dynamic requirements, fast scaling<br />Needed Linux and Windows both for software support<br />Using multiple point SaaS providers for functionality (If it’s not core, outsource it!)<br />Agility and time to market far outweighed cost efficiency<br />
Code<br />REST!<br />All REST-based Web services<br />Multiple tech stacks - cloud and systems mgmt code mostly in Java, product code mostly in C#/.NET<br />Key cloud app architecture concerns – multitenant, parallel, asynchronous, loosely coupled, APIed, instrumented, resilient in dynamic/ephemeral environment<br />Developers deliver tests, monitoring, system model with their service<br />
Operations<br />The “secret sauce”!<br />Not just ticket handling or “keep the lights on.” Focus on delivering value to the customer and developer.<br />Provide performance management, availability, systems management, incident handling, security, log management, monitoring, rapid deployment<br />Inspirations: O’Reilly “Secret Sauce” paper, Velocity conference, Visible Ops book, Transparent Uptime blog<br />
System Automation<br />PIE!<br />The “Programmable Infrastructure Environment”<br />XML system model defines systems, services, code installs, runtime interaction<br />Runtime registry for systems info and eventing<br />PIE autobuilds the runtime system from the model – provisioning, software installs, monitoring integration<br />Perform orchestration and control on many instances of dynamic environments<br />
Results<br />Win!<br />A continuous pipeline of products delivered quickly<br />LabVIEW Web UI Builder went beta in 2009, 1.0 in 2010<br />FPGA Compile Cloud went beta in 2010, 1.0 soon<br />Technical Data Cloud going beta soon<br />Unqualified happiness with cloud, DevOps approach<br />Not innovation vs. reliability – new approach gets both!<br />
Residual Challenges<br />Selling SaaS products is a challenge to our existing channels<br />Managing the collision of engineering and IT technology<br />Culture – building collaboration, mutual respect, and trust among globally distributed dev teams, ops, and others (QA, security, etc.)<br />Educating desktop developers on operational issues<br />Maintaining vision through rapid change<br />Cloud-compatible tooling still emerging<br />
Where do we go from here?<br />Complete the virtuous cycle of agile, cloud, mobile, social<br />Move to full continuous integration and deploy-on-demand, necessitating intense investment in testing<br />Uptake of Microsoft Azure (mostly complete)<br />Private cloud products<br />Look into Lean<br />Can DevOps be spread out into the enterprise? We’ll see.<br />More SaaS products, and product to Web integration more core to our product strategy<br />
Community Engagement<br />Austin is an awesome place for cloud work right now.<br />Austin Cloud User Group (acug.cloudug.org)<br />Austin OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project) chapter<br />SXSW Interactive<br />Events like this one<br />DevOps and devops-toolchain Google groups<br />Velocity conference, DevOpsDays, CloudCamps<br />
Why niwsc.com? What does it stand for?Well, we suggested a bunch of domain names (like labview.com, natch) but management and product marketing ended up just picking something deliberately innocuous and semi-meaningless. “wsc” doesn’t really stand for anything, though you can plausibly create backronyms for it – “Web service.. Computers, or something!”
I trust you’ve all seen UI Builder by now. If not, ni.com/uibuilder.
Running in browser (can also run out of browser).Can save files to cloud or to local disk.Compiles happen in the cloud.
And it’s purty. We’ll use it in the demo!
A “cloudlet” is a term we made up, it’s a single product instance running in the cloud.
“Send it to the cloud!” Using the cloud should be extremely simple in your GUI.
You will notice the standard framework that this shares with UIB – we have created a cloud framework to supply cloud apps with the various things they need.
Would You Like To Know More? http://www.pachube.com/Good news – the Internet of Things is a hot Web trend! Bad news – of 2009. Machschnell! http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/top_5_web_trends_of_2009_internet_of_things.php
PIE: Would You Like To Know More? http://www.slideshare.net/mxyzplk/pie-101
So who wants to guess how many cloud servers we have?
Offenbar haben Sie einen Ad-Blocker installiert. Wenn Sie SlideShare auf die Whitelist für Ihren Werbeblocker setzen, helfen Sie unserer Gemeinschaft von Inhaltserstellern.
Sie hassen Werbung?
Wir haben unsere Datenschutzbestimmungen aktualisiert.
Wir haben unsere Datenschutzbestimmungen aktualisiert, um den neuen globalen Regeln zum Thema Datenschutzbestimmungen gerecht zu werden und dir einen Einblick in die begrenzten Möglichkeiten zu geben, wie wir deine Daten nutzen.
Die Einzelheiten findest du unten. Indem du sie akzeptierst, erklärst du dich mit den aktualisierten Datenschutzbestimmungen einverstanden.