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Muntasir Ahmed “A controlled carbohydrate lifestyle
really prevents risk factors for
MD. Sifat Ullah
Sayed Fahmid Ahmed
What Is CVD?
“Cardiovascular disease is
a class of diseases that
involve the heart, the
blood vessels or both.
refers to any disease that
affects the cardiovascular
system, principally cardiac
disease, vascular diseases
of the brain and kidney,
and peripheral arterial
Cause OF Cardiovascular
1. Heart defects you're born
with (congenital heart
2. Coronary artery disease
3. High blood pressure
6. Excessive use of alcohol or
7. Drug abuse
9. Some over-the-counter
supplements and herbal
Symptoms of heart disease
1. chest pain – a sensation of
pressure, tightness or
squeezing in the centre of
2. pain in other parts of the
body – it can feel as if the pain
is travelling from your chest to
your arms (usually the left arm
is affected, but it can affect
both arms), jaw, neck, back and
3. feeling lightheaded or dizzy.
5. shortness of breath.
6. feeling sick (nausea) or being sick
Taking a fresh look at prevention
• Lifestyle changes: These include eating
a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at
least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on
most days of the week, quitting smoking,
and limiting alcohol intake.
• Medications: If lifestyle changes alone
aren't enough, your doctor may prescribe
medications to control your heart disease.
The type of medication will depend on the
type of heart disease.
• Medical procedures or surgery: If
medications aren't enough, it's possible your
doctor will recommend specific procedures or
surgery. The type of procedure will depend on
the type of heart disease and the extent of
the damage to your heart.
CVD is a global disease
• The growing toll is most visible in Asia’s demographic giants,
where the disease burden is converging with the US and Western
• Coronary heart disease and stroke are two of the top four causes
of mortality in every region of the world outside of Africa.
Effects in developed countries
• Coronary heart disease and stroke remain the leading killers in
every high-income region of the world.
• Developed countries have brought down their CVD burden in recent
• CVD accounted for 43% of deaths in developed countries in 2010,
down from 48% in 1990, according to the Global Burden of Disease
Effects in developed countries
• According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and
Development (OECD), a rich world think-tank, over half the citizens
of its member states are overweight or obese.
• Such self- induced risks, especially those that are obesity-related,
have sparked concern that developed countries may even see a
reversal in their declining levels of CVD.
Effects in developing
• Developing countries face a different challenge.
• Traditionally their CVD burden has been insignificant and it remains
lower than in high-income states. Yet the burden is on an upward
• The total number of deaths from CVD has been rising in developing
countries by 13% in the last two decades. CVD caused a quarter of
all deaths in 2010, up from 18% in 1990.
• Looking ahead, death from CVD will be more common in low- and
middle-income countries than in high income ones by 2030,
according to WHO projections.
Estimated Deaths by cause 30-59 Years, 2011 Bangladesh
Cancer Chronic Respiratory Diabetes Other chronic disease Communicable,maternal,and perinatal,nutrional deficiency injuries Cardiovascular Disease
Prevalence of Cardiovascular
Diseases in Bangladeshi Men and
Women, Ages 20 and Older
Bangladesh is at risk of heart
attack as BRAVE
• The BRAVE (Bangladesh Risk of Acute Vascular
Events) revealed that the average age of among
Bangladeshis to have heart attacks was 52 years
with approximately 40% of all cases occurring
in less than age 50 years.
• Bangladeshis are having heart attacks 10 year
earlier than typical suffers of Western people
• 80% of heart patients are smokers and the rest
of the 20% heart attack causes for consuming
rice,sugar and red meats.
• The risks also increased for consuming arsenic
water,junk foods, soft drinks and hard drinks.