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Lesson Planning
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THE LEARNING SESSION

  1. 1. Lic. Norah Andrade Arce MSc. Miriam Sheen Cuba Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  2. 2. It is a group of «Learning Situations» that each teacher designs and organizes in a logical sequence to develop a determined set of expected learning outcomes proposed in the lesson. The learning session consists of a set of intentional and organized actions done among the teacher, students, and the learning object. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  3. 3. STRATEGIES LEARNING SESSION ELEMENTS PEDAGOGICAL PROCESSES Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  4. 4. LEARNING STRATEGIES Controlled by the learner COGNITIVE PROCESS TEACHING STRATEGIES - Reception of Information - Selective observation - Break up the general topic in its parts - Interrelation of its parts • Motivation • Exploring prior knowledge. •Cognitive conflict • Building new knowledge •Metacognition Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  5. 5. ELEMENTS OF THE LEARNING SESSION CAPACITIES / ATTITUDES (LEARNING GOALS) Capacities that will be developed having into account the cognitive, motor, and socio-affective processes which involve their demonstration in particular mental processes It is made up of a group of activities that allow to measure students’ learning. LESSON SEQUENCE (LEARNING STRATEGIES) They are designed as learning activities that have been selected and sequenced in terms of the cognitive or motor processes considering the specific capacity to be developed The pedagogic processes are recurring and they don’t have a fixed moment. EVALUATION (RUBRICS) They are made up of the criteria, rubrics and if it may be the case instruments that will allow to collect information and take decisions that will assure the learning goals. In some cases, ti has a grade but in others it doesn’t. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  6. 6. WHAT ARE THE PEDAGOGICAL PROCESSES? THEY ARE THE PROCESSES THE TEACHER CARRIES ON TO GUIDE STUDENTS’ LEARNING. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  7. 7. MOTIVATION EXPLORING PRIOR KNOWLEDGE COGNITIVE CONFLICT BUILDING NEW KNOWLEDGE APPLICATION METACOGNITION EXTENSION Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  8. 8. Learning Session format Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  9. 9. Learning Session Nº…. I. TOPIC: ……………………….. GENERAL INFORMATION II. CAPACITIES AND KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZER Text comprehension CAPACITIES KNOWLEDGE The simple present tense Identify the use of the simple present tense III. ATTITUDES IN THE AREA Respect the interpersonal and group conventions IV. TEACHING SEQUENCE: a session may vary according to teachers. The proposal here is of 3 moments: beginning, process, and output. Let’s observe what aspects are considered in each one. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  10. 10. Moment Activities / Strategies Resources T Starting motivation: Strategies to call the attention and compromise students with the work to be developed Exploring prior knowledge: Using different strategies that will allow the teacher to know the level of knowledge about the Beginning topic and their capacity in relation to it. Arising the problem: Generating cognitive conflict It means generating a cognitive unbalanced state that will make students ask themselves questions or arise a problem. Process Output Building the new knowledge It is here where rich dynamic strategies are applied which will allow to have the student as the center so that he will build up his own knowledge. This will let him develop capacities. Applying what he has been learning. The student must show, starting with the solution of different situation, the development of his capacity. In this process, the teacher practically verifies if the students was able to develop his capacity in the expected time. Feedback A feedback allows the teacher to return to the same capacity but with different learning situations. Transfer of extension It consists on finding out situations in their own context that may be satisfactorily solved in the mastering of the capacity. Metacognition Strategies that will allow them to reflect about their learning processes can be used. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  11. 11. How will you evaluate the capacity? V. EVALUATION Criteria Indicators Tools All sessions must have an evaluating matrix that will allow the teacher has information about students’ achievements and base on that communicate the results. Attitude It is the observable behavior. In order to give a grade in attitude, the behavior has to be observed. Criteria Text comprehension Attitudes Respect the interpersonal and group conventions Indicators Identify the use of the simple present tense in a text Make sentences in present simple tense using images Indicators Respect turn taking Listen without disrupting Tools Observation guide Tools Observation guide of attitudes Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  12. 12. POST YOUR LEARNING SESSION, AND EXPLAIN LEARNING SESSION Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  13. 13. CONCLUSIONS The learning session is planned and executed according to each teacher’s style. There are no pre-established formulas or routes; however, this does not leave out we pay attention to some characteristics: Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  14. 14.  Program the learning session based on the capacities and attitudes that are to be developed. Knowledge has meaning insofar as it contributes to develop capacities.  Foresee strategies for the development of capacities as well as knowledge and attitudes.  Approach the capacities to be developed in an articulated way in order to guarantee more significant and functional learning.  Permanently activate background knowledge.  Generate cognitive conflicts that will always raise students’ reflection. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  15. 15.  Apply different techniques in order to process information (conceptual maps, diagrams, semantics nets, etc.)  Foresee strategies so students can transfer their learning into new situations.  Foresees strategies that will favor student’s permanent reflection about his/her own learning so as to contribute to the development of metacognition.  Promote situations of active and cooperative participation that will make possible the development of attitudes and values.  Evaluate during the whole process in order to provide feedback as needed. Fostering an Effective Learning Session
  16. 16. norahandrade@gmail.com.pe sheenmiriam@gmail.com.pe http://tailoringteaching.blogspot.com/ Fostering an Effective Learning Session

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