2. Organic Farming?
• To be considered “organic”:
– must be produced without synthetic pesticides,
fungicides or herbicides.
– Can not be grown by use of genetic engineering
– Bans use of sewage sludge as fertilizers
– No irradiation of food to preserve it
– No use of hormones and/or antibiotics in organic
meat and diary products
Strict farming methods = costly production
3. History of Organic Farming
• Organic Farming was the original type of
• Forest gardening, a fully organic food
production system which dates
from prehistoric times.
• The organic movement began in the mid-
1920s in central Europe.
4. Organic Farming Methods
It is a combine scientific knowledge of ecology and
modern technology with traditional
farming practices based on naturally occurring
• Crop Diversity
• Pest Control
• Live Stock
• Farm Size
• Plant Nutrition
– Soil Fertility
8. Advantages of Organic Farming:
• conventional farmer’s can actually reduce
production cost by over 25%.
• eliminating the use of synthetic fertilizers and
• minimizing soil erosion by up to 50% and
increasing crop yields up to five-fold within 5
• free from harmful chemicals, artificial flavors and
• Eating organic foods may in fact, reduce the risk
of heart attacks, strokes and cancer.
9. Benefits of Organic Farming:
• Greenhouse gas emissions and climate change
• Water use
• Ecosystem impact
• Nutritional benefits
• Job creation
10. Environmental benefits of Organic Farming:
• SOIL- building practices such as crop rotations, inter-
cropping, symbiotic associations, cover crops, organic
fertilizers and minimum tillage are central to organic
• WATER- In many agriculture areas, pollution of
groundwater courses with synthetic fertilizers and
pesticides is a major problem.
• AIR&CLIMATE- Organic agriculture reduces non-renewable
energy use by decreasing agrochemical needs. And
contributes to mitigating the greenhouse effect and global
warming through its ability to sequester carbon in the soil.