Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

Active & Passive Voice

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 8 Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Diashows für Sie (20)

Anzeige

Ähnlich wie Active & Passive Voice (20)

Aktuellste (20)

Anzeige

Active & Passive Voice

  1. 1. Doves N EaglesDoves N Eagles Syed Mohsin , Beenish Shuma ,Syed Mohsin , Beenish Shuma , Tasleem ,Perveen Sajida and NazirTasleem ,Perveen Sajida and Nazir
  2. 2. Active & Passive VoiceActive & Passive Voice  The Voice of verb shows the kind of relationship that existsThe Voice of verb shows the kind of relationship that exists between its object and subject.between its object and subject.  When a verb shows that its subject actually performs theWhen a verb shows that its subject actually performs the action, it is said to be in the active voice.action, it is said to be in the active voice. For example:For example: The dog chased the cat. The verb chased is inThe dog chased the cat. The verb chased is in active voice as the action denoted by it is performed by theactive voice as the action denoted by it is performed by the subject, the dog.subject, the dog.
  3. 3.  When a verb shows that its subject does not perform the action but receives it.When a verb shows that its subject does not perform the action but receives it. it is said to be Passive voice.it is said to be Passive voice.  Most transitive verb i.e. the verb that take direct objects can be used in passiveMost transitive verb i.e. the verb that take direct objects can be used in passive voice.voice. For example:For example: She disliked the story. (Active)She disliked the story. (Active) The Story was disliked by her. (Passive)The Story was disliked by her. (Passive)  While changing active sentences into passive, following rules should beWhile changing active sentences into passive, following rules should be followed.followed. (i). Subject of active sentence will be object of passive sentence.(i). Subject of active sentence will be object of passive sentence. (ii). Object of active sentence will be subject of passive sentence.(ii). Object of active sentence will be subject of passive sentence. (iii). Place preposition by before the object of passive sentence.(iii). Place preposition by before the object of passive sentence. (iv). Replace the main verb by 3(iv). Replace the main verb by 3rdrd form of verb and use is, am, are, was, were, willform of verb and use is, am, are, was, were, will be, shall be before it.be, shall be before it.
  4. 4. Changes in active & PassiveChanges in active & Passive ActiveActive PassivePassive (i).1(i).1stst form of verbform of verb Is, am, are,3Is, am, are,3rdrd form of verbform of verb (ii). Is, am, are, was, were, ing with 1(ii). Is, am, are, was, were, ing with 1stst form of verb.form of verb. Is, am, are, was, were, 3Is, am, are, was, were, 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb. (iii). Had, have, had, 3(iii). Had, have, had, 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb. Has, have, had been 3Has, have, had been 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb. (iv). 2(iv). 2ndnd form of verb.form of verb. Was, were 3Was, were 3rdrd form of verbform of verb (v). Will / shall 1(v). Will / shall 1stst form of verb.form of verb. Will / shall be 3Will / shall be 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb. (vi). Will / shall be and in with 1(vi). Will / shall be and in with 1stst formform of verb.of verb. Will / shall being 3Will / shall being 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb. (vii). Will / shall have 3(vii). Will / shall have 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb. Will / shall have been 3Will / shall have been 3rdrd form of verb.form of verb.
  5. 5.  These four changes are illustrated belowThese four changes are illustrated below SubjectSubject Active verbActive verb ObjectObject The Police chased the thief.The Police chased the thief. The Thief was chased by the policeThe Thief was chased by the police  A sentence with a transitive verb plus an object may beA sentence with a transitive verb plus an object may be turned from the active voice into passive voice, byturned from the active voice into passive voice, by shifting the subject into object and making necessaryshifting the subject into object and making necessary changes in the verb phrase. The passive voice ischanges in the verb phrase. The passive voice is generally used when.generally used when. (i). The subject of sentence is unknown or difficult to(i). The subject of sentence is unknown or difficult to specify.specify. (ii). It is desirable not to specify the subject.(ii). It is desirable not to specify the subject. (iii). Do , does will change into is. Are, am according to the(iii). Do , does will change into is. Are, am according to the subject.subject.
  6. 6. ExamplesExamples  THE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSETHE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE (A)(A) From Active into PassiveFrom Active into Passive Active VoiceActive Voice Passive VoicePassive Voice 1. I break a cup.1. I break a cup. A cup is broken by me.A cup is broken by me. 2. They eat apples.2. They eat apples. Apples are eaten byApples are eaten by them.them. 3. My mother beats me.3. My mother beats me. I am beaten by myI am beaten by my mother.mother. 4. Do you sell4. Do you sell Are potatoes sold byAre potatoes sold by
  7. 7. ExamplesExamples  THE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSETHE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE (B)(B) From Passive into ActiveFrom Passive into Active Passive voicePassive voice Active voiceActive voice 1. Eggs are boiled by1. Eggs are boiled by him.him. He boils eggs.He boils eggs. 2. I am punished by my2. I am punished by my father.father. My father punishes me.My father punishes me. 3. Is the moon seen by3. Is the moon seen by her?her? Does she see the moon?Does she see the moon? Sweets are not liked bySweets are not liked by us.us. We do not like sweets.We do not like sweets.

×