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Shendi university
Faculty of Public Health
Concept of Health
By :Sami mohmmed ali
MS.c in public health
Concept of Health
• Biomedical concept
• Traditionally health has been viewed as an absence of
disease, and if one was free from disease. Then the person
has considered healthy. This concept known as the
biomedical concept has the basis in the germ theory of
disease.
• The biomedical profession viewed the human body as a
machine,
• Disease as consequence of the breakdown of
the machine.
• The criticism that is leveled against the
biomedical concept is that it has minimized the
role of the environment, social, psychological
and cultural determinants of health.
Ecological concept
• The ecologist is put forward an attractive
hypothesis which viewed health as a dynamic
equilibrium between man and his environment.
• The ecological concept raises tow issues
imperfect man and imperfect environment.
Psychological concept
• Contemporary model development in social
sciences revealed that health is not only
biomedical phenomenon, but which influenced
by social, psychological, cultural, economic
and political factors of the people concerened.
Holistic concept
• The holistic model is a synthesis of all the
above concept.
• It recognized the strength of social, economic,
political and environmental influences on
health.
• The holistic approach implies that all sectors
of society have an effect on health, in
particular, agriculture, animal, husbandry,
food,
• Industry, education, housing, public work,
communication and other sector.

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Concept of health

  • 1. Shendi university Faculty of Public Health Concept of Health By :Sami mohmmed ali MS.c in public health
  • 2. Concept of Health • Biomedical concept • Traditionally health has been viewed as an absence of disease, and if one was free from disease. Then the person has considered healthy. This concept known as the biomedical concept has the basis in the germ theory of disease. • The biomedical profession viewed the human body as a machine,
  • 3. • Disease as consequence of the breakdown of the machine. • The criticism that is leveled against the biomedical concept is that it has minimized the role of the environment, social, psychological and cultural determinants of health.
  • 4. Ecological concept • The ecologist is put forward an attractive hypothesis which viewed health as a dynamic equilibrium between man and his environment. • The ecological concept raises tow issues imperfect man and imperfect environment.
  • 5. Psychological concept • Contemporary model development in social sciences revealed that health is not only biomedical phenomenon, but which influenced by social, psychological, cultural, economic and political factors of the people concerened.
  • 6. Holistic concept • The holistic model is a synthesis of all the above concept. • It recognized the strength of social, economic, political and environmental influences on health. • The holistic approach implies that all sectors of society have an effect on health, in particular, agriculture, animal, husbandry, food,
  • 7. • Industry, education, housing, public work, communication and other sector.