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Heat stroke by Prof Najeeb Memon

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Heat stroke by Prof Najeeb Memon

  1. 1. Heatstroke / sunstroke
  2. 2. Sept 1 – 30 Nov Dec 1 – 28 Feb March 1 – 31 May June 1 – 31 August Autumn
  3. 3. / AUTUMN
  4. 4. Days become longer weather gets warmer in the temperate zone because the Earth tilts towards the Sun. In many parts of the world plants grow and flowers bloom. ... Many animals have their breeding seasons in spring
  5. 5. Weather warmer, and in some areas, the heat translates to drier temperatures. This hot, dry time of year can lead to droughts, where water is in short supply. Heat that include spikes in temperature,
  6. 6. Heatstroke / sunstroke • Most serious heat-related illness. • Body's temperature is 104°F (40°C) or higher, • life-threatening medical emergency. • If not treated immediately, • Heatstroke can damage multiple organs like: Brain & nervous system Example Convert To (°F) & To (°C ) To (°F) = 20°C × 9/5 + 32 = 68 °F To (°C ) 5/9 x (F - 32) (if value of F=98.6) = 37 °C
  7. 7. Heat stress • Body cannot cool itself enough to maintain a healthy temp: (37 °C). When it is very hot. • where too much heat is absorbed by a • person, • plant or • animal • and causes stress, illness or even death. ... It can also cause heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke which may lead to death.
  8. 8. Heat-Related Illnesses / Types of heat injuries By exposure to hot weather and sun. Heat emergencies have three stages: 1. Heat cramps: (painful, muscle spasms in the abdomen, arms, or legs when exercising or working in a hot) 2. Heat exhaustion: (fatigue and collapse resulting from prolonged exposure to heat.) 3. Heat stroke: (A serious medical emergency whereby an individual's core temperature rises to a dangerous level.) All three stages of heat emergency are serious.
  9. 9. PREVENTIVE MEASURES KEEP HOUSE COOL • Cool the place (House) • Check R. Temp: (08-10: AM,01:00PM, After 10:00 PM) • Check Temp: on day time below 32°C • in night below 24°C • Cool the room especially for children & old persons • (with health problems) • Cross ventilation may be there (But outside Temp: ) • Doors / Windows facing to sun should be closed. • Usage of Electric bulb or other items on minimum level. • If A/C is on, close Doors & Windows, During Load shedding it will remain cool for sometime. • Electricity Fans are comfortable. If Temp: to 35°C, chances of heat stroke so use Juices & Fluids.
  10. 10. PREVENTIVE MEASURES SAVE FROM HEAT • Remain in Room / House • If not in position (2-3 Hrs in cool place A/C building/ Market) • Do not out your house/ Room (If outside Temp: ) • Take precautions for Labor work (If not possible do it in Morning & Evening) • Remain in shaded place. • Use Umbrella • Use showers in heat wave environment
  11. 11. PREVENTIVE MEASURES COOL YOUR BODY & AVOID DEHYDRATION • Bath with cold water / Cover with wet towel • Wash your feet repeatedly. • Light clothes (Cotton) • Use Head cap / Hand kerchief. • Use Glasses • Don’t use Foam beds , light bed sheets only. • Use juices / Mashrobat in large quantity. • Don’t use Alcohol, Sugars, Caffeine. • Light Nutrition with interval, Not use much proteinus food.
  12. 12. PREVENTIVE MEASURES HELP OTHERS • Help lonely life persons. • Meet with ill, old aged & give guideline. • Discuss with family members for giving information about heat. • Meet the Doctor (Who using Medicines) how to maintain body Temp:. • Manage Health Programs, as you can deal emergency conditions
  13. 13. PREVENTIVE MEASURES IF MEDICAL PROBLEM • Keep medicine in Refrigerator below 25°C. • Check the instructions on leaflet. • Consult with Doctor , if you are on medicine / Ch: Dis:
  14. 14. PREVENTIVE MEASURES IF You Are Discomfort / Other Person • Unconsciousness • Weakness • Discomfort • Thirsty • Headache • Shift to cool place • Note Temp: • Use Juices / Fluids to maintain Hydration. Atonce consult the Doctor

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