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Cloud computing in academic libraries

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Cloud computing in academic libraries

  1. 1. Cloud computing
  2. 2. “Grandpa’s up there somewhere.”
  3. 3. Wheaton College Norton, MA
  4. 4. Library services through cloud computing Case studies on services, platforms, and infrastructure Erik Mitchell, PhD Assistant Director for Technology Services Z. Smith Reynolds Library Wake Forest University
  5. 5. Goals Define cloud computing uses in information environments Case studies of cloud-based library services
  6. 6. Changing Transformative Core library + information + impact of cloud services needs computing = Evolving view of library services and operations
  7. 7. + = + Library services Data Services Library as place, content bibliographic, digital, access, content creation, technical, administrative, instruction, research, license, access, preservation preservation Content Experience Collections, subscriptions, Research, study support, peer- digital, print, publishing based collaboration, IT exploration
  8. 8. + = + Information context Skype has 521M Users 34% of skype calls use video Facebook has 471M Users iPhone /iPod Touch - 85M Users Facebook - most popular free iPhone app Mary Meeker - Atmosphere 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1w1FvgdZnE
  9. 9. + = + New IT roles Increasing expectations for social networking and mobile services
  10. 10. + = + Cloud computing “the IT stack is changing from being data centric to cloud centric - you cannot do metadata analytics at scale in a data centric environment” Location-based service, transparent pricing, consumer discounts, immediate gratification, mobile push, branded apps, social rewards applications Geoffrey Moore- Atmosphere 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0swJCYLH2Ck
  11. 11. + = + Emerging profile Everyday use of cloud-based services Greater diversity: place, context, and platform Online experience driving service expectations Internet, broadband, mobile, video, communicative, social http://www.flickr.com/photos/fofurasfelinas/2774653309/
  12. 12. Defining the cloud pay for what you uset t service-focussed easy to replicate t scalable
  13. 13. Related concepts Cloud computing “is a phrase that is being used today to describe the act of storing, accessing, and sharing data, applications, and computing power in cyberspace” - Pew Internet Trust A Web service “is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network” - w3c.org Application programming interface (API) “is a specification for allowing programs to
  14. 14. Granular definitions “...a model for enabling convenient, on- demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources...rapidly provisioned and released...promotes availability...composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models.” - NIST Service, scalable, shared, metered, Web- based - Gartner
  15. 15. Types of cloud computing services Applications that provide ‘end-user’ Software experiences - SerialsSolutions, Wordpress.com, WorldCat Local An environment for delivering customized Platforms services - Site hosting, DuraSpace, Open infrastructure that can be used for any Infrastructure purpose, Amazon EC2, Microsoft Azure
  16. 16. Examples Productivity Google docs, Gmail, write.fm, cloud-canvas.com, MS Office online Publishing wordpress.com, twitter, yammer, youtube File storage flickr, dropbox, Jungle Disk, Google docs Social networking facebook, flickr, MySpqce, foursquare, linkedin Data / Infrastructure Amazon EC2, Microsoft Azure, Rackspace
  17. 17. Productivity
  18. 18. Platforms and storage
  19. 19. Social networking
  20. 20. Datasets and capacity
  21. 21. Case studies Challenge Case study Finding low-barrier ways to WFU Google Docs serve information needs Producing innovative products Jason Clark - Montana & video in complex environments Solving large-scale library IT DuraSpace, OCLC APIs issues Oregon digtial library, DC Collaboration and pervasive use Public
  22. 22. Low-barrier solutions Social Stratification in the Deep South 2009 << WFU Google Sites Giz Womack - Wake Forest http://zsr.wfu.edu
  23. 23. Multi-site, multi-media YouTube videos LibGuides Embedded media Simple APIs Anali Perry - Arizona State Univeristy http://lib.asu.edu/librarychannel/
  24. 24. Integrated use A science based video site 10 - 18 year olds - Cloud services, APIs Jason Clark - University of Montana http://www.lib.montana.edu/~jason/files.php
  25. 25. Integrated use A science based video site 10 - 18 year olds - Cloud services, APIs Jason Clark - University of Montana http://www.lib.montana.edu/~jason/files.php
  26. 26. Solving large-scale library IT issues Integrated library systems Enterprise search Digital asset management systems Electronic resource management systems
  27. 27. Back-office Webscale Management Services Cloud-based ILS developed by OCLC Circulation, acquisitions, cataloging, search Cloud-based services, data, collaboration Webscale management services http://www.oclc.org/webscale/
  28. 28. Search
  29. 29. Digital access and preservation Lots of copies keep stuff safe Peer-based archive using LOCKSS Replicated content, administration Cooperative planning and action Data visualization 27 Partners, Preservation, Access Cloud based Dspace, Fedora
  30. 30. DuraCloud Cloud-based Replicated storage and application servers Mediated, simple, automatically redundant Open source and cloud- based DuraCloud Architecture https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/duracloud/DuraCloud+Architecture
  31. 31. Inter-institutional collaboration “ For shared development projects and services, cloud based services offer libraries and their partners the opportunity to move outside the organization bureaucracy and into International waters, where projects are able to function unencumbered… ” Terry Reese - Oregon State University http://oregonstate.edu
  32. 32. Pervasive use “Technology is everyone’s job – we can spend more time training and consulting, less time supporting apps!” DCLibrary.org, Central Desktop, Digital Image Archive, Google Docs, Chris Tonjes - DC Public Library http://dclibrary.org
  33. 33. Case studies Challenge Case study Finding low-barrier ways to WFU Google Docs serve information needs Producing innovative products Jason Clark - Montana & video in complex environments Solving large-scale library IT DuraSpace, OCLC APIs issues Oregon digtial library, DC Collaboration and pervasive use Public
  34. 34. Implementation Should, how, why would you - “move your library IT to the cloud?”
  35. 35. Choose a solution { Approach Systems OpenURL resolver, Stats SaaS manager, research guides, online reference Service catalog Integrated library system, PaaS Interlibrary loan, copyright compliance systems Discovery, digital repository, archives management, IaaS website, digital storage, institutional repository
  36. 36. Hybrid models Amazon EC2 Infrastructure, Server images, backup processes, Amazon S3 monitoring, service deployment, code Data archiving, system management backups, file system SaaS operations Hosted end-point services, data Amazon EBS subscriptions, 100% outsourced options Server disks, application PaaS and data storage, platform for EC2 systems Custom configurations, single purpose applications (ILS), proprietary systems
  37. 37. Managing complexity install configure EC2 services secure backup document deploy monitor Server images administer upgrade remove
  38. 38. Outcomes New computing model - mix of IT and end- user focus Outsource or crowdsource? Worldwide, libraries have 5265 transactions per second. This is manageable on a handful of servers - Andrew Pace, OCLC http://www.flickr.com/photos/psd/13809231/
  39. 39. pros / cons Pro Con Provider security measures Privacy, security, license exceed library needs Default support for multi- Bandwidth, accessibility platform services Opportunity to migrate IT to Lack of diversity in market subscription model Levels playing field for New skills, added complexity creators / contributors
  40. 40. Getting started Start small - Record and upload a YouTube video, embed it in a libguide Build your skills - Seek out ‘new’ media platforms, find out how to create new content, how to post it, and how to bring it back into your site Assess suitability - For any project, ask yourself if you are better in a cloud or localized environment (factors are cost, access, sustainability, expertise) Experiment - The most complex services are available in a browser-based interface now. Launch a server, try an API, experiment with a new platform
  41. 41. Thank you http://erikmitchell.info

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