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Teaching grammar

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grammar
ELT
EFT

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Teaching grammar

  1. 1. MONTSE IRUN UNIVERSITY OF LLEIDA
  2. 2. Grammar?
  3. 3. What is grammar?  This is 268770068. We’re not at home right now. Please leave a message after the beep.  We’re not at home right now. This is 268770068. Please leave a message after the beep.  Right now at home we’re not.
  4. 4. Is this odd? This is 268770068. We’re at home right now. Please leave a message after the beep. Tickets! Where daddy?
  5. 5. What is grammar? The study of what forms are possible or feasible in a language.
  6. 6. Spoken or written grammar?  Had to laugh, though.  Want a ciggie?  The guy that made it, he was telling me, he doesn’t eat it himself.  I would not interrumpt while others guests are dining.
  7. 7. What is grammar?
  8. 8. Grammar syllabuses Selection and grading  Complexity  Learnability  Teachability Usefulness and frequency
  9. 9. Why teach grammar?
  10. 10. Reasons for  The fine tuning argument  The learner expectation argument  The fosilization argument  The advance argument
  11. 11. Reasons against  The communication argument  The natural order argument  The lexical chunks argument  The knowledge how argument
  12. 12. How to teach grammar
  13. 13. Rules  The rule of context: teach grammar in context  The rule of use: teach grammar to facilitate comprehension and production of language  The rule of economy: economise on presentation. Maximum practice  The rule of relevance: teach grammar students have problems with  The rule of nurture: teach grammar cyclically  The rule of appropriacy: teach grammar according to level, interests, expectations and learning styles
  14. 14. Inductive approach (discovery learning) example rule
  15. 15. Deductive approach (rule-driven learning) rule example
  16. 16. Text and context text rule
  17. 17. What will learners learn by doing this? Make these sentences passive Example: John wrote that letter. That letter was written by John.  1.- The cow jumped over the moon.  2.- Willy ate his sister’s porridge.  3.- Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.  4.- Somebody broke into our house last night.  5.- Koala bears eat eucalyptus leaves.  6.- The Queen has just opened the Parliament.
  18. 18. What will learners learn by doing this? Make these sentences passive Example: John wrote that letter. That letter was written by John.  1.- The cow jumped over the moon. NO SENSE  2.- Willy ate his sister’s porridge. LACK OF COHERENCE  3.- Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.  4.- Somebody broke into our house last night. TAUTOLOGY  5.- Koala bears eat eucalyptus leaves. NO SENSE  6.- The Queen has just opened the Parliament. TAUTOLOGY
  19. 19. TIPS TO TEACH ENGLISH GRAMMAR  Teach the grammar they need  Teach grammar when they need it  Teach grammar in a text  Teach grammar communicatively  Use pedagogic translation sparingly NEVER FORGET COMMUNICATION IS THE BOSS
  20. 20. (c) Oral Skills in EFL - Montse Irun

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