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Here are two definitions of OA that illustrate some variety in interpretation of the term.
We’ll try to unbundle what is meant by “free”, “immediate, online access” and “rights to use.”
While OA might have a rather simple definition in theory, in practice it is more often a spectrum of decisions for authors, readers, and publishers to make regarding their work.
(It also isn’t just about “gold” and “green” publishing but at what level open access practices enable a community to achieve its goals.)
Researchers Increases readers’ ability to find use relevant literature Increases the visibility, readership and impact of author’s works Creates new avenues for discovery in digital environment Enhances interdisciplinary research Accelerates the pace of research, discovery and innovation Educational Institutions Contributes to core mission of advancing knowledge Democratizes access across all institutions – regardless of size or budget Provides previously unattainable access to community colleges, two-year colleges, K-12 and other schools Provides access to crucial STEM materials Increases competitiveness of academic institutions Students Enriches the quality of their education Ensures access to all that students need to know, rather what they (or their school) can afford Contributes to a better-educated workforce Businesses Access to cutting-edge research encourages innovation Stimulates new ideas, new services, new products Creates new opportunities for job creation Public Provides access to previously unavailable materials relating to health, energy, environment, and other areas of broad interest Creates better educated populace Encourages support of scientific enterprise and engagement in citizen science Research Funders Leverages return on research investment Creates tool to manage research portfolio Avoids funding duplicative research Creates transparency Encourages greater interaction with results of funded research - See more at: http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources/open-access/why-oa#sthash.iM7ek5Fy.dpuf
OA and peer review are separate issues. There are many peer-reviewed OA journals, just as there are many subscription journals without peer review.
Not all OA journals have fees. Some researchers have access to grant funds when it is necessary to pay publication.
“Gold OA” means publishing with publishers that automatically and immediately make the work available online to all at no cost — i.e., journals that are “born” open access OA = anyone can read the journal OA ≠ anyone can publish in the journal
OA journals are real journals. Publishing in an OA journal is not self-publishing or vanity publishing!
OA journals earn respectability the same way other journals do: through the quality of their articles and the prominence of the people they attract as authors, editors, etc.
Of course: Just as some non-OA journals are better than others, some OA journals are better than others.
Green Open Access
“Green OA” refers to works that, regardless of where else they appear, are made available online in an OA repository committed to long-term preservation.
Journals are called “green” if they permit authors to self-archive their articles in OA repositories. Most journals do allow self-archiving, but most authors don’t know that!
Computer intensive scienceq
And software, Institutional Respository
Computer intensive scienceq
Introduction to Open Access
A bit about
Holly Miller – COM 2012
“Open Access is the free, immediate, online
availability of research articles, coupled with
the rights to use these articles fully in the
digital environment.” (SPARC)
“unrestricted access and unrestricted reuse”
(Public Library of Science)
Free as in …
via Wikimedia CommonsStatue of Liberty Francisco Diez from New York City, USA
• Funding agencies
Photo via Flickr Samuel Chow
If OA is so great,
Via Flickr by Matt Davis CCBY