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Malaysia Airlines Flight 17

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaMalaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17/MAS17)[a] was a scheduled int...

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Malaysia Airlines Flight 17

  1. 1. Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17/MAS17)[a] was a scheduled international passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that was shot down on 17 July 2014,[2] killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board.[3][4] The Boeing 777-200ER airliner lost contact near Hrabove in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, about 50Â km (31Â mi) from the Ukraine-Russia border and crashed near Torez, 40Â km (25Â mi) from the border.[5] The crash occurred in the conflict zone of the ongoing War in Donbass, in an area controlled by the Donbass People's Militia. The plane is believed to have been downed by a Buk surface-to-air missile fired from the territory controlled by pro-Russian separatists. The cause is under official investigation, being led by the Dutch Safety Board. Witnesses in Torez reported sightings on the day of the incident of what appeared to be a Buk missile launcher,[6][7] and AP journalists reported sightings of a Buk system in separatist controlled Snizhne.[8] Shortly after the crash, Igor Girkin, leader of the Donbass separatists, was reported to have posted on social media network VKontakte, taking credit for downing a Ukrainian military aircraft. The separatists later denied involvement after learning that a civilian airliner had been destroyed, saying they did not have the equipment or training to hit a target at that altitude.[9][10][11] On 22 July a soldier revealed to an Italian reporter that fellow separatists had told his unit the aircraft had been shot down under the assumption that it was Ukrainian.[12] Unnamed US intelligence officials stated that sensors that traced the path of the missile, shrapnel patterns in the wreckage, voice print analysis of separatists' conversations in which they claimed credit for the strike, and photos and other data from social media sites all indicated that Russian-backed separatists had fired the missile.[13] The Russian Ministry of Defense has maintained that US claims of separatist responsibility were "unfounded".[14] The crash of MH17 marks the fifth Boeing 777 hull loss, the third in just over a year.[15][16] With 298 deaths, MH17 is the deadliest air incident in Ukraine[17] and the deadliest airliner shootdown in history.[18] The crash was Malaysia Airlines' worst incident and its second of the year, after the disappearance of Flight 370 (9M-MRO) on 8 March, en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur.[19] Contents 1 Aircraft 2 Passengers and crew 3 Background 4 Crash 5 Aftermath 6 Investigation
  2. 2. 6.1 Cause 6.1.1 Speculation about cause and responsibility 6.2 Recovery of casualties 7 Reactions 8 Russian media coverage 9 Maps 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links Aircraft Flight 17 was operated with a Boeing 777-2H6ER,[b] serial number 28411, registration 9M-MRD.[20] The 84th Boeing 777 produced, it first flew on 17 July 1997, exactly 17 years before the incident, and was delivered new to Malaysia Airlines on 29 July 1997.[21] Powered by two Rolls- Royce Trent 892 engines and carrying up to 282 passengers (35 business and 247 economy), the aircraft had recorded more than 43,000 hours in 6,950 cycles before the crash.[22][23] The Boeing 777, which entered commercial service on 7 June 1995, has one of the best safety records in commercial aircraft.[24] In June 2014 there were about 1,200 aircraft in service, with 340 more on order.[25] Passengers and crew People on board by nationality[19][26] Nation Number Australia 27 Belgium 4 Canada[c][27] 1
  3. 3. Germany[d] 4 Indonesia 12 Malaysia[e] 43 Netherlands[f] 193 New Zealand 1 Philippines 3 United Kingdom[g] 10 Total 298 All 283 passengers and 15 crew died.[28][29][30] The crew were Malaysian and about two-thirds of the passengers were Dutch.[19][31][32] By 19 July, the airline had determined the nationalities of all 298 passengers and crew.[19] The nationalities are noted in the table. Among the passengers were delegates en route to the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, including Joep Lange, a former president of the International AIDS Society, which organized the conference.[33][34][35] Many initial reports erroneously indicated 100 delegates to the conference were aboard, but this was later revised to six.[36] Also on board were Dutch senator Willem Witteveen,[37] Australian author Liam Davison,[38] and Malaysian actress Shuba Jay.[39] At least twenty family groups were on board the aircraft, and eighty of the passengers were children.[40][41] Background See also: 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine A few airlines started to avoid eastern Ukrainian airspace in early March in the wake of the 2014 Crimean crisis, including Korean Air, Asiana Airlines and British Airways.[42][43] In April, the
  4. 4. International Civil Aviation Organization warned governments that there was a risk to commercial passenger flights over Ukraine.[44] The US Federal Aviation Administration issued restrictions on flights over Crimea, to the south of MH17's route, and advised airlines flying over the remainder of Ukraine to "exercise extreme caution".[44][45]Aeroflot, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, and others continued overflying eastern Ukraine until after MH17 was shot down.[46] Since the start of the conflict, several Ukrainian Air Force aeroplanes have been downed. On 14 June, an Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft was shot down on approach to Luhansk International Airport; all 49 people on board died.[47] After that incident, on 29 June, Russian news agencies reported that insurgents had gained access to a Buk missile system after having taken control of a Ukrainian air defence base (possibly the former location of the 156th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment [156 zrp] of the Ukrainian Air Force).[48][49][50] On the same day, the Donetsk People's Republic claimed possession of such a system in a since-deleted tweet.[49][51] On 14 July, a Ukrainian Air Force An-26 transport plane flying at 21,000Â ft (6,400Â m) was shot down.[52][53] Militia reportedly claimed via social media that a Buk missile launcher had been used to bring down the aircraft.[54] American officials later said evidence suggested the aeroplane had been shot down from Russian territory.[55] On 16 July, a Sukhoi Su-25 close air support aircraft was shot down. The Ukrainian government said the Russian military had shot down the aircraft with an air-to-air missile fired by a MiG-29 jet in Russia; a spokesman for the Russian defence ministry rejected that report as "absurd".[56][57] On 15 July, following his visit to Kiev, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Rados?aw Sikorski warned about the dangers posed by the continued Russian military support for pro-Russian separatists, especially ground-to-air missiles.[58] On the same day, an unnamed Associated Press journalist saw a Buk launcher in Snizhne, a town in Donetsk Oblast that is 16 kilometres (10Â mi) southeast of the crash site. The reporter also saw seven separatist tanks at a petrol station near the town.[59] Associated Press journalists reported that the Buk M-1 was operated by a man "with unfamiliar
  5. 5. fatigues and a distinctive Russian accent" escorted by two civilian vehicles.[8] The airspace above Donetsk Oblast was closed by Ukraine below 26,000 feet (7,900 m) on 1 July 2014 and, on 14 July, below 32,000 feet (9,800 m).[60][61] The route in Russian airspace that MH17 would have taken was closed below 32,000 feet (9,800 m) by Russian air control a few hours before the airliner took off.[62] As with other countries, both Russia and Ukraine receive overflight fees for every commercial aircraft that flies through their borders. This may have contributed to the continued availability of civilian flight paths through the conflict zone.[63][64] According to Malaysia Airlines, MH17 filed an IFR flight plan requesting to fly at a cruising altitude of 35,000 feet (11,000 m), but was directed to 33,000 feet (10,000 m).[65] The aircraft entered Ukrainian airspace climbing through 32,000 feet (9,800 m), and climbed to 33,000 feet (10,000 m) during its transition across the Kiev flight information region.[66] Crash Route of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 On 17 July 2014, Flight 17 departed from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Gate G03 at 12:14 CEST (10:14 UTC)[67] and was due to arrive at Kuala Lumpur International Airport at 06:00, 18 July MYT (22:00, 17 July UTC).[h] Eurocontrol, which oversees the filing of all IFR flight plans in the region, stated that at the time of the incident the aircraft was in unrestricted airspace at flight level 330 (33,000 feet or 10,060 metres).[72] Malaysia Airlines stated that Ukrainian ATC had lost contact with the airliner at 14:15 UTC,[i] 30 km (19 mi) from the TAMAK waypoint at 47°51?24?N 39°13?6?E / 47.85667°N 39.21833°E, which is on the Russian border[73][74] and that the aircraft's emergency locator beacon was at 48°07?23?N 38°31?33?E / 48.12306°N 38.52583°E.[75] The last transponder transmission recorded by Flightradar24 was at 13:21 and placed it at 48°02?25?N 38°46?22?E / 48.0403°N 38.7728°E and 33,000 feet (10,000 m), heading 118° at 490 knots.[76][77][78] Flightradar24 also reported that a Singapore Airlines Boeing 777-200ER (Flight SQ351) and an Air India Boeing 787-8 (Flight AI113) were each about 25 km (16 mi) away from the Malaysian airliner when it disappeared.[79] The aircraft crashed outside Hrabove, near Torez in eastern Ukraine's Donetsk Oblast.[5] The fireball on impact was believed to be captured on video.[80] Photographs from the site of the crash show scattered pieces of broken fuselage and engine parts, bodies, and passports.[81] Some of the wreckage fell close to houses in Hrabove.[82] Dozens of bodies fell into crop fields, and some fell into houses.[83] Aftermath
  6. 6. Immediately following the incident, Ukraine closed all routes in eastern Ukrainian airspace, at all altitudes.[72] Airlines including Aeroflot, Transaero, Air France, Turkish Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Lufthansa, and S7 Airlines announced their intention to instruct pilots to bypass Ukrainian airspace.[84] Shortly after the crash, it was announced that Malaysia Airlines would retire flight number MH17 and change the Amsterdam-Kuala Lumpur route to flight number MH19 beginning on 25 July.[85][86] On 18 July 2014, shares in Malaysia Airlines dropped by nearly 16%.[87] There have been reports that credit and debit cards may have been looted from the bodies of the victims, and the Dutch Banking Association reported that it would take "preventative measures" against possible fraud.[88] There are also accounts of corpses and their possessions being removed and evidence at the crash site being destroyed.[89][90] On 23 July, two Ukrainian military jets were hit by missiles at the altitude of 17,000 feet (5,200Â m) close to the area of the MH17 crash. According to the Ukraine Security Council, the missiles came from Russia.[91] Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Martin E. Dempsey has said that instead of backing away from supporting the rebels in the wake of the airline tragedy, Putin had "actually taken a decision to escalate."[92] Investigation On the day of the crash, a meeting was convened of the Trilateral Contact Group (consisting of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Ukrainian national government, and Russia). After they had held a video conference with representatives of insurgents affiliated with the Donetsk People's Republic (who control the area where the aircraft crashed), the rebels promised to "provide safe access and security guarantees" to "the national investigation commission" by co-operating with Ukrainian authorities and OSCE monitors.[93] During the first two days of investigation, the militants prevented the OSCE and other international observers from freely working at the crash site. According to the Ukrainian government, the separatists were destroying all evidence of the crime "with the help of Russia", including moving 38 bodies to Donetsk.[94] Andre Purgin, a leader of the Donetsk People's Republic, declared later that "we will guarantee the safety of international experts on the scene as soon as Kiev concludes a ceasefire agreement".[95] An international investigation team is examining why the aircraft crashed. In agreement with the Ukrainian government, the Netherlands will lead the investigation.[96][97] The investigation team consists of 24 investigators with members from Ukraine, Malaysia, Australia, Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom and Russia.[98] The black boxes will be examined by an international team at a facility in the United Kingdom.[99] In addition to the international accident investigation, the selection of the flight route will also be independently investigated by the Dutch Safety Board.[100] The National Bureau of Air Accidents Investigation of Ukraine (NBAAI) had requested that the DSB participate in the international investigation; the DSB received formal notice of the accident from the NBAAI on 18 July.[101] A Malaysian team of 133 officials and experts, comprising search and recovery personnel, forensics experts, technical and medical experts is in Ukraine.[102] Australia sent a 45-member panel headed
  7. 7. by former Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, who had earlier supervised the MH 370 probe.[103] The United Kingdom sent six investigators from the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) and the UK Foreign Office has sent extra consular staff to Ukraine.[104] A senior US administration official reported to ABC News that FBI and NTSB officials were poised to head to Ukraine to advise the investigation.[105] On 18 July, it was reported that the black boxes had been recovered by separatists.[106] On the same day, the head of Donetsk Regional State Administration, Kostiantyn Batozky, stated that both black boxes had been found.[107] Rebels said later that two boxes were moved to Donetsk.[108] According to a phone conversation intercepted by Ukrainian intelligence, the militants were given the task of keeping all evidence, including black boxes, away from anyone else.[109] On 21 July, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak said that he had been told by Alexander Borodai, leader of the Donetsk People's Republic, that the black boxes would be handed over to Malaysian authorities.[110][111] Later that day, the flight data recorder and the cockpit voice recorder were handed over to Malaysian officials in Donetsk by rebels. The Malaysians reported that both recorders were "in good condition".[112] The black boxes are currently being examined at a facility operated by the UK AAIB.[113] On 23 July it was reported that the CVR was damaged but there was no evidence that it had been tampered with; it was also reported that valid data had been downloaded.[114] On 24 July, the Dutch Safety Board announced that they had successfully downloaded data from the flight data recorder and were proceeding to analyse the data. No evidence of manipulation of the data was found.[115] On 30 July, it was reported by a Ukrainian representative that pro-Russian rebels had mined approaches to the crash site and pulled heavy artillery around, making further work by international experts impossible [116] Cause A mobile Buk surface-to-air missile launcher, similar to that believed to have been used in the incident The cause of the crash has not yet been determined by the official investigation, which is being carried out by the Dutch Safety Board.[117] Both US and Ukrainian officials declared that a surface- to-air missile strike is the most likely cause,[118] and if so, then the missile was fired from a mobile Soviet-designed Buk missile system (known as SA-11 "Gadfly" to NATO) as this is the only surface-t- -air missile system in the region capable of reaching the altitude of commercial air traffic.[55][119][120][121][122][123] According to defence analyst Reed Foster (from Jane's
  8. 8. Information Group), the contour of the aluminium and the blistering of the paint around many of the holes on the aircraft fragments indicate that small pieces of high-velocity shrapnel entered the aircraft externally, a damage pattern indicative of an SA-11.[124] Concurring with that, ballistics specialist Stephan Fruhling (of the Australian National University's Strategic and Defence Studies Centre) added that a large hole in one of the aircraft fragments was caused by a violent blast of decompression from holes inflicted by hot shrapnel from an SA-11 proximity fuzed warhead.[125] Speculation about cause and responsibility On 19 July, Vitaly Nayda, the chief of the Counter Intelligence Department of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), told a news conference, "We have compelling evidence that this terrorist act was committed with the help of the Russian Federation. We know clearly that the crew of this system were Russian citizens."[126][127][128] He cited what he said were recorded conversations in which separatists expressed satisfaction to Russian intelligence agents that they brought down an aeroplane.[129][130] The separatists denied that the recorded talks were related to the crash of MH17 and blamed the Ukrainian government for shooting it down.[131][132][133] According to Nayda, a Buk launcher used in the shoot-down was moved back into Russia the night after the attack.[8] On 25 July, the SBU released another recording, which they said was of pro-Russia- -separatist leader Igor Bezler being told of an approaching aircraft two minutes before MH17 was shot down.[134][135][136] On 21 July, the Russian Defence Ministry held a press conference and said that just before the crash, a Ukrainian Su-25 ground-attack aircraft approached to within 3 to 5 kilometres (1.9 to 3.1Â mi) of the Malaysian airliner. The Ministry also stated that satellite photographs showed that the Ukrainian army moved a Buk SAM battery to the area close to the territory controlled by the rebels on the morning of 17 July, hours before the crash. They said the installation was then moved away again by 18 July.[137][138] US officials said that satellite data from infrared sensors detected the explosion of flight MH17.[139] American intelligence agencies said that analysis of the launch plume and trajectory suggested the missile was fired from an area between Torez and Snizhne.[55] Satellites are also likely to have registered the heat signature of the launch of the missile and the activation of the missile launcher tracking radar.[120]The Telegraph, a British paper, said: "The Telegraph's own inquiries suggest the missile - an SA-11 from a Buk mobile rocket launcher - was possibly fired from a cornfield about 12 miles to the south of the epicentre of the crash site."[121] An anonymous US intelligence official stated that Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 may have been shot down in error by pro-Russian separatists, citing evidence that separatists launched a SA-11 surface- to-air missile that blew up the Malaysian airliner. The official dismissed Russian allegations that MH17 took evasive action and said the claim that the Ukrainian government had shot down MH17 was not realistic, as Kiev had no such missile systems in that area, which was rebel-controlled.[122] US intelligence officials also claim that Russia was attempting to disguise the flow of weaponry it was delivering to the rebels by sending older weapons that matched Ukraine's inventory.[13] In an interview with Reuters on 23 July 2014, Alexander Khodakovsky, the commander of the pro- Russian Vostok Battalion, acknowledged that the separatists had an anti-aircraft missile of the type the US has said was used to shoot down the aircraft, and admitted that it could have been sent back to Russia to remove proof of its presence;[140][141][142] he later retracted his comments, claiming that he had been misquoted and stating that rebels never had a Buk.[143] On 28 July, Ukrainian security official Andriy Lysenko announced, at a press conference, that black
  9. 9. box recorder analysis had revealed that the aircraft had been brought down by shrapnel that caused "massive explosive decompression." Dutch officials were reported to be "stunned" by what they saw as a "premature announcement" and said that they did not know how Ukrainian officials had obtained the data.[144] Recovery of casualties First arrival of bodies at Eindhoven Airport Convoy of 40 hearses heading to Hilversum, while other traffic stopped A Ukraine Foreign Ministry representative said that the bodies found at the crash site would be taken to Kharkiv for identification, a city 270 kilometres (170Â mi) to the north. By the day after the crash, 181 of the 298 bodies had been found.[145] On 19 July, Andriy Lysenko, the spokesman of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, said that the insurgents removed 38 bodies from the crash site to extract parts of the missile used to shoot down the aircaft, and destroy the evidence.[146] Al Jazeera reported that the separatist Minister of Health had initially confirmed 38 bodies had been moved to the Donetsk mortuary, which the minister subsequently recanted.[147] Bodies were observed being moved, placed in body bags, and loaded on to lorries.[148][149][150]
  10. 10. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte complained about the lack of respect shown to the personal belongings of the dead which were reportedly looted. He initially announced his disgust about the handling of the bodies of the casualties that were reportedly being "dragged around" and "thrown", but later stated the bodies were handled with more care than originally estimated.[151][152] On 20 July, Ukrainian emergency workers, observed by armed separatists, began loading the remains of the passengers of MH17 into refrigerated railway wagons for transport and identification.[153] On 21 July, pro-Russian rebels allowed Dutch investigators to examine the bodies. By this time, 272 bodies had been recovered.[154] Remains left Torez on a train on the evening of 21 July, en route to Kharkiv to be flown to the Netherlands for identification.[110][155] On the same day, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announced that the Malaysian government had reached a tentative agreement to retrieve the remains of the Malaysians who died in the crash, following any necessary forensic work.[111][156] It was reported on 21 July that with 282 bodies and 87 body fragments found, there were still 16 bodies missing.[157] An agreement has been reached that the Netherlands will co-ordinate the identification effort. All remains will be moved to the Netherlands with Dutch air force C-130 and Australian C-17 transport planes.[158][159] A train carrying the bodies arrived at the Malyshev Factory, Kharkiv on 22 July,[160] and the first remains were flown to Eindhoven on 23 July.[161] The investigation will be conducted at the Netherlands Army medical regiment training facility in Hilversum by an international team.[162] The UK Metropolitan Police is liaising with international partners to send specialist officers to assist with the recovery, identification and repatriation of those who died.[104] Dutch authorities stated on 23 July that they found 200 bodies on the train when it arrived at Kharkhiv, leaving almost 100 unaccounted for.[163] Two Dutch and one Australian aircraft flew the first bodies out of Kharviv later that day. The aircraft landed at Eindhoven Airport just before 16:00 local time.[164] The day afterwards another 74 bodies arrived.[165] On 1 August it was revealed that a search and recovery mission, including about 80 forensic police specialists from Holland and Australia, and led by Colonel Cornelis Kuijs of the Royal Marechaussee, would use drones, sniffer dogs, divers and satellite mapping to search for missing body parts at the crash site.[166] Australian officials believed that as many as 80 bodies were still at the site.[167] Reactions Main article: International reactions to the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shootdown Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko called the crash the result of an act of terrorism, and also called for an international investigation into the crash.[168] Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said in an address to parliament that the aircraft was downed by a missile which seems to have been launched by Russian-backed rebels.[169]Julie Bishop, the Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, said in an interview on an Australian television programme that it was "extraordinary" that her Russian counterparts have refused to speak to her over the shoot-down after the Russian ambassador was summoned to meet her.[169] The Russian government was critical of Abbott's response; Abbott was one of the first world leaders to publicly connect the shoot-down to Russia.[170] Abbott later criticized the recovery efforts as "shambolic", and "more like a garden clean-up than a forensic investigation"; Bishop publicly warned separatist forces against treating the victims' bodies as hostages.[171]
  11. 11. Malaysian Deputy Foreign Minister Hamzah Zainuddin said that the foreign ministry would be working with the Russian and Ukrainian governments with regard to the incident.[172] Prime Minister Najib Razak later said that Malaysia was unable to verify the cause of the crash and demanded that the perpetrators be punished.[173] The Malaysian government flew the national flag at half-mast from 18 July until 21 July.[174] Flag at half mast in front of city hall of Hoorn during the national day of mourning Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and King Willem-Alexander voiced their shock at the crash,[175][176] and Minister of Foreign Affairs Frans Timmermans joined the Dutch investigation team sent to Ukraine.[177] Dutch government buildings flew the flag at half-mast on 18 July.[178] Music was cancelled and festivities were toned down on the last day of the Nijmegen Marches.[179] On 21 July the Netherlands opened a war crimes investigation on the downing of the aircraft. The country's prosecutor is in Ukraine for that purpose. Rutte threatened tough action against Russia if it did not help in the investigation.[180] Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Ukraine bears responsibility for the incident which happened in its territory, which he said would not have happened if hostilities had not resumed in the south-east of Ukraine.[5][181][182] He also said that it was important to refrain from making any hasty conclusions and politicized statements before the end of the investigation. He said that Russia would help an international inquiry led by the ICAO.[183] On 19 July the Russian Ministry of Defence announced "10 questions to the Ukrainian government" regarding the incident.[184][185] By end of July a Duma deputy Ilya Ponomarev said in an interview for German Die Welt that there's no doubts that it the was separatists who shot down the plane by mistake and "Putin now understood that he has passed the weapon to wrong people".[186]
  12. 12. United States President Barack Obama said the US would help determine the cause.[5] In a press statement, White House spokesman Josh Earnest called for an immediate ceasefire in Ukraine to allow for a full investigation.[187] Vice-President Joe Biden said the plane appeared to have been deliberately shot down, and offered US assistance for the investigation into the crash.[182]US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power called on Russia to end the war.[188] The British government requested an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council and called an emergency Cobra meeting after the incident.[189][190] Commander of the Donbass People's Militia Igor Girkin was quoted as stating that "a significant number of the bodies weren't fresh". He followed up by saying "Ukrainian authorities are capable of any baseness"; and also said that blood serum and medications were found in the plane's remnants in large quantities.[191][192] The European Union's representatives José Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy released a joint statement calling for immediate and thorough investigation.[193] The EU officials also said that Ukraine has first claim on the plane's black boxes.[194] The International Civil Aviation Organization declared that it was sending its team of experts to assist the National Bureau of Air Accidents Investigation of Ukraine (NBAAI), under Article 26 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation.[195] The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2166 on 21 July, regarding an official crime investigation into the incident. A makeshift memorial at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, Netherlands, for victims of flight MH17 Since the crash, memorial services have been held in Australia[196] and in the Netherlands, which declared 23 July, the day when the first victims arrived in the country, a national day of mourning, the first since 1962.[197][198] The opening ceremony of the AIDS 2014 conference, of which several delegates were on board flight MH17, began with a tribute to the victims of the crash.[199] In Malaysia, makeshift memorials were created in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur.[200] Russian media coverage See also: Media portrayal of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine Media coverage of the crash in Russia has differed from coverage by other worldwide media.[201] Right after the incident, Russian media announced that an Ukrainian An-26 plane was downed by the rebels, however no other wreckage than that of the MH17 has ever been reported to have crashed in the rebel-controlled territory on that date. On 22 July a US official claimed that the Russian government was manipulating the media towards Russia's version of the story.[13] The Russian government-funded[202] outlet RT initially said that the plane was shot down by Ukraine in a failed attempt to assassinate Vladimir Putin, in a plot which was organized by Ukraine's "Western backers".[203] Other theories propagated by Russian media include: that the Ukrainians
  13. 13. shot down the plane in a botched attempt at mass murder of Russian citizens; that Ukrainian air traffic controllers purposefully redirected the flight to fly over the war zone; and that the Ukrainian government organized the attack on the plane to bring infamy upon the pro-Russian rebels.[204] According to the poll conducted by the Levada Center between 18 and 24 July, 80% of Russians surveyed believed that the crash of MH17 was the responsibility of the Ukrainian military.[205] Sara Firth, a correspondent with RT, for which she had worked over the previous five years, resigned in protest at the channel's coverage which she described as "shockingly obvious misinformation".[206] RT issued a statement after Firth went public with reasons for her resignation, saying "we were not surprised by Sara Firth's decision to leave RT after five years as a Moscow and London correspondent, as she has recently informed us that she was likely to take an offer from another firm".[207] On 25 July, the left-leaning Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta published a bold headline in Dutch that read "Vergeef ons, Nederland" ("Forgive Us, Netherlands").[208][209] Maps
  14. 14. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Crash site Kuala Lumpur International Airport Location of departure, crash site and destination Amsterdam Airport
  15. 15. Crash site Location of departure and crash site Presumed route ending in an area controlled by pro-Russian rebels[210][k] See also List of aircraft accidents and incidents resulting in at least 50 fatalities Notes ^ MH is the IATA designator and MAS is the ICAO designator. The flight is also marketed as KLM Flight 4103 (KL4103) through a codeshare agreement.[1] ^ The aircraft is a Boeing 777-200ER (for Extended Range) model; Boeing assigns a unique customer code for each company that buys one of its aircraft, which is applied as an infix in the model number at the time the aircraft is built. The code for Malaysia Airlines is "H6", hence "777- 2H6ER". ^ Dual Canadian-Romanian citizen boarding with Canadian passport. ^ Including: 1 dual German-Dutch citizen ^ Including 15 crew ^ Including: 1 dual Dutch-Belgian citizen; 1 dual Dutch-Israeli citizen; 1 dual Dutch-Italian citizen; 1 dual Dutch-American citizen
  16. 16. ^ Including: 1 dual British-South African citizen; and 1 dual British-New Zealand citizen. ^ The Wall Street Journal cited a report from FlightAware which stated that 17 July was the first day in July that Flight 17 flew so far north over eastern Ukraine; on the previous 16 days it "appeared to fly just south of the restricted airspace, according to FlightAware".[61] FlightAware has no coverage over Ukraine;[68] and all of the track reported for MH17 on the previous day's flight beyond 51°10?23?N 24°23?55?E / 51.17306°N 24.39861°E is based on estimates.[69] Another tracking site, Flightradar24, shows that MH17 consistently flew over separatist held areas, between Donetsk and Horlivka, in the previous 16 days.[70] Nico Voorbach, president of the European Cockpit Association, believed that poor weather on the usual southerly route on 17 July prompted the diversion.[71] ^ The time stated by Malaysia Airlines is erroneous; the correct time should be 13:15 (UTC) or 14:15 (WEST). ^ Allegedly intercepted phone calls between rebels discussing which rebel group shot down the aircraft and initial reports it was a civilian aircraft. Audio (in Russian) with English subtitles. Posted to maidanorgua YouTube account ^ "A United States official said the missile that shot down the plane was launched from a region near the towns of Torez and Snizhne"[188] References ^ "Statement Malaysia Airlines MH17". KLM. Retrieved 18 July 2014. ^ Malaysian airliner crashes in E. Ukraine near Russian border, over 280 people on board. RT. 17 July 2014. ^ "Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 shot down over Ukraine, 298 dead". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 July 2014. ^ de Carbonnel, Alissa (17 July 2014). "Malaysian passenger plane crashes in Ukraine near Russian border -Ifax". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2014. ^ a b c d Alexander, Harriet (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines plane crashes on Ukraine-Russia border - live". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. ^ Walker, Shaun. "Ukrainians report sightings of missile launcher on day of MH17 crash". theguardian. Retrieved 23 July 2014. ^ Miller, James (25 July 2014). "Evidence Review: Who Shot Down MH17?". The Interpreter. Retrieved 26 July 2014. ^ a b c Karmanau, Yuras, "What happened? The day Flight 17 was downed", MSN News, 25 July 2014
  17. 17. ^ Rick Feneley (18 July 2014). "Attack on Flight MH17: After the tragedy, the accusations rain down". The Sydney Morning Herald. ^ "MH17: Ultimate responsibility lies with Putin". The Age. 18 July 2014. ^ Arthur Bright (17 July 2014). "Web evidence points to pro-Russia rebels in downing of MH17 (+video)". The Christian Science Monitor. ^ Lorenzo Cremonesi (22 July 2014). "Così è stato colpito l'aereo". Corriere de la Serra. Retrieved 22 July 2014. ^ a b c Greg Miller (22 July 2014), U.S. discloses intelligence on downing of Malaysian jet The Washington Post ^ "US Claims of Flight MH17 Downing by Militia Remain Unfounded - Russia's Defense Ministry". RIA Novosti. 24 July 2014. "The United States has not yet provided any documented evidence to prove that the rocket that brought down the Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 was launched from militia- controlled territory, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov said Thursday." ^ Riva, Alberto (17 July 2014). "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: Not The First Civilian Jet Shot Down By Missile". International Business Times. Retrieved 19 July 2014. ^ "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Type index > ASN Aviation Safety Database results". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2014. ^ "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Geographical regions index > ASN Aviation Safety Database results". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 July 2014. ^ "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: Top 5 deadliest airliner shootdowns". reuters. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. ^ a b c d "Saturday, July 19, 07:30 PM GMT +0800 Media Statement 7 : MH17 Incident". Malaysia Airlines. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 July 2014. ^ "Malaysia Airlines 9M-MRD (Boeing 777 - MSN 28411) | Airfleets aviation". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 17 July 2014. ^ "Media Statement & Information on Flight MH17 (on 2nd last page see 18 July 01:30 PM GMT +0800 Media Statement 3 : MH17 Incident) for flight hours and cycles given by Malaysia Airlines)". malaysiaairlines.com Media Statement & Information on Flight MH17. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. ^ Leonard, Peter; Chernov, Mstyslav (17 July 2014). "Malaysian plane was shot down by missile, US official says". Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 July 2014. ^ "Boeing 777 has excellent track record, experts say". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 24 July 2014. ^ "777 Model Orders and Deliveries summary". Boeing. June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
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  29. 29. Wikinews has related news: Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shot down over eastern Ukraine, killing 298 Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, official updates regarding Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 MH17 Passenger Manifest at Malaysia Airlines (official passenger list) Malaysia Airlines plane MH17 'shot down' in Ukraine - as it happened, The Guardian Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 playback on Flightradar24 MH17 17 July 2014 on FlightAware Images and videos from Daily News Images from RT MH17 Boeing 777 Plane Crash, Ukraine (Jul 2014) - an album on Flickr Maps of the crash - New York Times Dutch Safety Board Wall Street Journal map of a tragedy:how MH17 came Apart over Ukraine Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17&oldid=619684749" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17