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China, Wuhan3

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Guiyuan Buddhist temple in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China. Wuhan is the largest city in Hubei and the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 11 million. The Wuhan metropolis is an amalgamation of three cities situated at the confluence of the Han River and the Yangtze: Wuchang, located on the southern bank of the Yangtze, Hanyang, located on the northern bank of the Yangtze and the west bank of the Han, and Hankou, located on the northern bank of the Yangtze and the eastern bank of the Han.

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China, Wuhan3

  1. 1. Wuhan is the capital of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China. It is the largest city in Hubei and the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 11 million. The name "Wuhan" came from the city's historical origin from the conglomeration of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang, which are collectively known as the "Three Towns of Wuhan". It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain, at the confluence of the Yangtze river and its largest tributary, the Han River and is known as "Nine Provinces' Thoroughfare"
  2. 2. Wuhan: City of Four Buddhist Temples Guiyuan Buddhist Temple is located in Hanyang District of Wuhan. This temple was built in 15th year of Shunzhi in 1658 under Qing dynasty
  3. 3. Both Buddhism and Taoism have been officially recognised in Communist China with thousands of temples, even though they were subjected to heavy crackdown during the Cultural Revolution (1966-76) headed by Communist Party of China (CPC) founder Mao Zedong to cleanse China of its spiritual past Guiyuan Buddhist Temple
  4. 4. Guiyuan Temple s a Buddhist temple located on Wuhan City Guiyuan Buddhist Temple
  5. 5. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple
  6. 6. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple is also called Guiyuan Zen Temple. It stands first among the Four Buddhist Monasteries of Wuhan
  7. 7. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple
  8. 8. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple (Goddess Of Mercy Temple) It's a Chinese belief that throwing coins into incense burners or fountains at holy sites during prayers brings about good fortune
  9. 9. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple has survived more than 300 years of repeated cycles of prosperity and decline, above all else, it is always leading the other temple in Wuhan with prosperous public worship, flourishing Buddhist ceremony and many pilgrims
  10. 10. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Double-faced Guanyin (or Avalokitesvara) Built with brass and surrounded by white marble handrails, the statue with a total height of 21.8 meters (include the 3-meter high sacred lotus seat) and a weight of 20 tons is considered extraordinary nationwide
  11. 11. Double-faced Guanyin
  12. 12. Guiyuan Temple - The huge Double-faced Guanyin Avalokitesvara
  13. 13. First built in the early Qing dynasty (1644-1911) by two monks on the base of Sunflower Garden owned by a poet, Guiyuan Buddhist Temple got its name from Buddhist Chants: “With purity kept in mind, one has the thoroughfare everywhere.”
  14. 14. Covering an area of 46,900 sq m with a floor space of 20,000 sq m, the temple mainly consists of Daxiongbaodian Hall, Arhat Hall and Sutra Collection Pavilion
  15. 15. Entrance Pavilion roof detail
  16. 16. Entrance Pavilion roof detail
  17. 17. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The New Pavilion built in 1922 is the treasury of the temple
  18. 18. It is a daily custom of many Wuhan citizens to come to Guiyuan temple to pray for blessings. On the fifth day of the lunar new year, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims come here to "rob the head of incense" and worship the God of wealth
  19. 19. GuiyuanBuddhistTemple–TempleGuardian
  20. 20. GuiyuanBuddhistTemple–TempleGuardian-Detail
  21. 21. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple
  22. 22. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple
  23. 23. Scripture Pavilion The Depository of Buddhist Texts is the main building in the north courtyard. It is a two-storied pavilion building with five rooms on each story. It has a height of 25 meters and big ridges with beast head carvings
  24. 24. Scripture Pavilion The Depository of Buddhist Texts After entering the temple, you can see the northern courtyard to your right, in which the Amitabha, Kwan-yin Bodhisattva, and Dashizhi Bodhisattva are worshipped. Collectively they are called the “three western saints”. The Sutra Collection Pavilion in the courtyard has a rich collection of cultural relics of Buddhism, figures of Buddha, religious paraphernalia, stone carvings, paintings, calligraphies, and books from abroad
  25. 25. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Guanyin's statue in the northern courtyard
  26. 26. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Scripture Pavilion-The Depository of Buddhist Texts Guanyin's statue
  27. 27. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Zahg Jing Ge (Sutra collection Pavilion) -The Depository of Buddhist Texts
  28. 28. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Scripture Pavilion The whole building, the doors and the windows were painted and carved with exquisite, spectacular, splendid and magnificent patterns and sculptures. It is the only ancient building made from wood and bricks in Wuhan
  29. 29. Zahg Jing Ge (Sutra collection Pavilion)
  30. 30. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The Arhats Hall The Arhats are arranged according to the layout of “田” (Chinese character which means “field” in English). Although there are more than 500 statues in the hall, it does not look crowded. This kind of layout is ingenious and rational
  31. 31. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple - The Arhats Hall was built in the Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty, destroyed by war in the 2nd year of the Xianfeng period (1852 AD), and rebuilt in 1895 AD)
  32. 32. The Arhat Hall is mainly for enshrining Arhat in Chinese Buddhist temples. Arhat is short for Arahant, meaning self-enlightened. In the Mahayana tradition of Buddhism, Arhats rank the third position in Buddhism, only below the Buddha and Bodhisattva. In the Theravada tradition of Buddhism, Arhats rank the highest the Karma position. Buddhists believe that Arhats position means to free oneself from being troubled and from the circle of rebirth
  33. 33. The legend says that if you count from a random Arhat in a given direction to the one that matches the number of your age, the identity, expression and action of this last Arhat can show your fate. This activity adds a lot of fun for people who visit the Hall of Arhats. Undoubtedly, counting the Arhats is nothing more than a way of praying for good fortune. People count from a random Arhat in a given direction according to their ages, and then ponder over the title, action, and expression of the last Arhat to see whether they can understand some of the philosophy of life
  34. 34. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple - In medium-sized Buddhist temples, there are nine statues of Arhats on each side of the Mahavira Hall, which are known as the "Eighteen Arhats"
  35. 35. Guiyuan Temple is famous as the first Chan (Zen) temple to be built in Hubei Province. It was constructed in 1658, the fifth year of reign of Shunzhi Emperor in Qing Dynasty. It is a large building complex, featuring many a variety of structures with the most famous being the Hall of Arhats, which was built in 1850
  36. 36. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Here are a number of monks in Guiyuan Temple at present even if “in China spotting a monk is on par with a unicorn sighting”
  37. 37. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Decorative apartments of the monks who call Guiyuan Temple home
  38. 38. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The Great Buddha’s Hall (Daxiong Hall) is the main hall of whole temple. It is where the monks have their classes in the mornings and evenings. On the high platform in the middle of the hall consecrates Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism.
  39. 39. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The main hall
  40. 40. Colored clay statues of "Island Goddess of Mercy". It is a large group statues, 6 meters high and 4 meters wide, with an angle of inclination of 30 degree. The statures were made of silk, linen and other brown virgin materials, no use of reinforced cement. Although the status characters are quite a lot, they were made with molded with distinct gradation and bright color. And they were well protected from wars Maitreya Buddha
  41. 41. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The main hall
  42. 42. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple An incense urn in front of the main hall
  43. 43. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The bell tower Beating the bell 108 times symbolizes the relief of the 108 kinds of trouble in the human world
  44. 44. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple The central yard possesses a free-life pond with a bell tower and drum tower on both sides. The Weituo Hall is located in the center with the Great Buddha's Hall several steps ahead
  45. 45. Hall of Bodhisattva Weituo
  46. 46. Hall of Bodhisattva Weituo
  47. 47. The four Chinese characters of “GuiYuan Gucha” was written by Li Yuanhong (1864-1928), twice president of the Republic of China, in 1912
  48. 48. People also come here to free turtles in the pond out of the Hall. All the tortoises were released by visitors in recent years
  49. 49. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple Hall of Bodhisattva Weituo
  50. 50. Guiyuan Buddhist Temple is famous not only for spreading Buddhism throughout the whole country, but also for perfect architecture, excellent sculpture and rich collections of Buddhist doctrine
  51. 51. Symbolicgiftsormessagesorsuvenirs:aChineseknotistied andwovenfromasinglelengthofcordorropetobeavariety ofshapesandofvaryingcomplexity.Eachandsuvenirsshape hasitsownsymbolicmeaning,andyoucanfindthemasgifts
  52. 52. Sound: The Great Compassion Mantra (Da Bei Zhou) Text and pictures: Internet All copyrights belong to their respective owners Presen Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda https://ma-planete.com/michaelasanda 2020

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