Sustainable Industrial Development: the role              of Networks                   6th March 2013, New YorkHeinz Leue...
World Ecological Footprint                         Relative to Bio-Capacity     Source: www.footprintnetwork.org accessed ...
Metabolic rate     Income driving resource consumption               t/cap/yr                                             ...
Regional Energy Consumption per Capita
Regional Resource Consumption per Capitatonnes per capita per year                                                        ...
The Green Industry Challenge
Two Aspects of “Decoupling”  Resource decoupling                                           Human well-being               ...
Resource Efficiency Savings Opportunities        US$ 2.9 trillion savings in 2030 from capturing the resource         pro...
Ferrous Foundries in Russia        Russia’s ferrous foundry industry could save up to US$ 3.3 billion         annually, a...
Raw Material Life CycleSource: UNEP (2011) Recycling Rates of Metals: A Status Report
Savings from the Recycling Industry*Source: BIR Study on the Environmental Benefits of Recycling (2009)
Recycling                             Recycling Industry       Recycled materials could supply 40% of the global raw mate...
End-of-Life (post consumer) functional        recycling rate (EOL-RR) for 60 metalsSource: UNEP (2011) Recycling Rates of ...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                                    ORG    GREEN INDUSTRY PLATFORM LAUNCHED                AT RI...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                         ORG             PRIORITY AREASResource Efficiency    Water Optimization...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                                                ORG                  MEMBERS COMMIT TO…   Impro...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                                                                               ORG              ...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                                             ORG                           BENEFITS   Increased...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                                              ORG                   MEMBERSHIP STATUS136 {      ...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                                                                         ORG                    ...
WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.                ORGWWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.ORG
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Sustainable Industrial Development: The Role of Networks
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Sustainable Industrial Development: The Role of Networks

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Presentation of Dr. Heinz Leuenberger, Director, Environmental Management, UNIDO
at the Open Dialog for the High- Level Conference of MICs in New York, 6 March 2013

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  • Note that this is a log-log graph. In a linear graph, resource use tends to level off as GDP grows.
  • Many industries use more materials and energy than their production processes require, due to continued use of obsolete and inefficient technologies and methodologies.Producers and consumers have adopted patterns of production and consumption that do not take into consideration the limits of the planet’s available resources and its assimilative capacity for emissions, a situation further complicated by continued population growth. Climate changeis one main consequence, but loss of biodiversity, land degradation and desertification, air pollution, surface andgroundwater pollution, chemical contaminationare also important. Current production systems are therefore unsustainable: they do not allow today’s needs to be met without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet theirs.Source: State of the world, 2008Innovation for a Sustainable Economy, Worldwatch Institute
  • Russian foundries have enjoyed highly competitive cost advantages in comparison with countries in Western Europe (for example, Germany): energy costs are 54 percent lower; labor costs are 92 percent lower; and overheads and service costs are 71 percent lower.These advantages do not translate to competitive prices for finished products, however. Lower labor costs are negated by low levels of productivity: Any competitive advantage in low labor costs is entirely theoretical, since the personnel resources needed to produce an equivalent amount of good-quality castings are 3.3 times higher than in Europe. Low energy costs are negated by high volumes of consumption. Any competitive advantage in low energy prices is similarly lost, due to high levels of consumption throughout the production process: basic procedures (such as, for example, smelting) use twice as much energy as analogous processes in Europe, and overall energy consumption levels are as much as three times higher.
  • Sustainable Industrial Development: The Role of Networks

    1. 1. Sustainable Industrial Development: the role of Networks 6th March 2013, New YorkHeinz Leuenberger PhDDirector, Environmental Management Branch
    2. 2. World Ecological Footprint Relative to Bio-Capacity Source: www.footprintnetwork.org accessed 9 May 201025 June 2012 Policy for Green Industry 2
    3. 3. Metabolic rate Income driving resource consumption t/cap/yr USA Brazil China R2 = 0.60 IndiaData for the year 2000Source: UNEPDecoupling Report2011.
    4. 4. Regional Energy Consumption per Capita
    5. 5. Regional Resource Consumption per Capitatonnes per capita per year Sustainable consumption Source: Dittrich, M. et al., Green Economies Around the World, Sustainable Europe Research Institute (SERI), Vienna, 2012
    6. 6. The Green Industry Challenge
    7. 7. Two Aspects of “Decoupling” Resource decoupling Human well-being Economic activity (GDP) Resource use Time EnvironmentalImpact decoupling impact Source: International Resource Panel Decoupling natural resources use and environmental impacts from economic growth, 2011
    8. 8. Resource Efficiency Savings Opportunities  US$ 2.9 trillion savings in 2030 from capturing the resource productivity potential…  Rising to US$ 3.7 trillion if carbon is priced at $30 per tonne, subsidies on water, energy, and agriculture are eliminated, and energy taxes are removed  15 opportunities can deliver about 75% of total resource productivity benefits: • Building energy efficiency • Increasing transport fuel efficiency • Increasing yields on large-scale farms • Increasing the penetration of electric • Reducing food waste and hybrid vehicles • Reducing municipal water leakage • Reducing land degradation • Urban densification (leading to major • Improving end-use steel efficiency transport efficiency gains) • Increasing oil and coal recovery • Higher energy efficiency in the iron • Improving irrigation techniques and steel industry • Shifting road freight to rail and barge • Increasing yields on smallholder • Improving power plant efficiency farmsSource: McKinsey (2011)
    9. 9. Ferrous Foundries in Russia  Russia’s ferrous foundry industry could save up to US$ 3.3 billion annually, and improve individual foundry profitability by up to 15 percent, by matching EU standards in the more efficient use of natural resourcesSource: IFC (2010)
    10. 10. Raw Material Life CycleSource: UNEP (2011) Recycling Rates of Metals: A Status Report
    11. 11. Savings from the Recycling Industry*Source: BIR Study on the Environmental Benefits of Recycling (2009)
    12. 12. Recycling Recycling Industry  Recycled materials could supply 40% of the global raw material needs today  Approximately 1.6 million people worldwide are active now in the recycling industry  They handle more than 600 million tonnes of recyclables every year  With an annual turnover of more than $200 billion, similar to the GDP of countries such as Portugal, Colombia and Malaysia, the sector has already become a key driver for tomorrow’s sustainable development  About 10% of this amount is spent on new technologies, research and development that contribute to creating high-skilled jobs and making recycling more efficient and environmentally sound.Source: Bureau International Recycling (2009)
    13. 13. End-of-Life (post consumer) functional recycling rate (EOL-RR) for 60 metalsSource: UNEP (2011) Recycling Rates of Metals: A Status Report
    14. 14. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG GREEN INDUSTRY PLATFORM LAUNCHED AT RIO+20• High-level, multi-stakeholder, transformative partnership framework• Reduces the negative environmental impact of manufacturing• Increases social and economic benefits• Only comprehensive, targeted and practical sector- based strategy launched to date• Members include businesses, governments, international and civil society organizations
    15. 15. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG PRIORITY AREASResource Efficiency Water Optimization Industrial Energy Chemicals Management Efficiency
    16. 16. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG MEMBERS COMMIT TO… Improving Resource Efficiency Strengthening Waste Management Reducing and Eliminating Toxic Materials Pursuing Energy Efficiency and Using Renewable Energy Adopting a Lifetime Approach to Product Manufacture Making Finance Available to Green Industry Promoting Technology Transfer and Sharing Best Practices Greening Global Value Chains Supporting Green Industry Research and Innovation Fostering Green Industries and Jobs Setting Green Industry Targets
    17. 17. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG FUNCTIONS OF THE PLATFORMAwareness  Profiles Green Industry objectives through events, engagement, actions at the enterprise, national and regionalRaising level  Brings together members to discuss specific themes, approaches and issuesConvening  Connects members to third parties on areas of mutual interest  Shares contact information between signatoriesNetworking and  Provides a web portal to exchange information amongst signatoriesInformation  Provides one-stop advisory services for signatories seeking specific informationSharing  Provides an introductory and mediating role  Provides a framework for members to explore possible partnerships between different sectors and stakeholder groupsPartnering  Identifies and encourages synergies and partnerships between members  Identifies possible partnerships with non-members such as in the supply chain context  Identifies strengths and weaknesses of current Green Industry approaches and commissions research onResearching relevant topics  Provides a framework in which members’ actions in pursuance of Green Industrial policies and practices can bePromotional made public and promoted
    18. 18. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG BENEFITS Increased opportunities to create jobs and grow sustainable economic development Facilitate the transition to a green economy Increase efficiency and reduce waste Improve organizational/national competitiveness Network and partner on green industry policies and projects Shape organizational/national roadmaps towards green industry Access information on global green industrial policies and practices Foster innovation and new technological and management approaches Heighten profile, attract investment and access markets
    19. 19. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG MEMBERSHIP STATUS136 {  25 Governments  68 Businesses  43 International / Civil Society Platform Members Organizations• Expressions of interest from over 50 more entities• Second wave of targeted invitations upcoming (Top performers in sustainability, academic and research institutions and charitable foundations) As of 21/11/2012
    20. 20. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORG ADVISORY BOARD Governments Businesses OrganizationsColombia Broad Group European Commission(Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism) (China) (Environment Directorate-General)Jordan Microsoft Corporation Global Environment Facility(Ministry of the Environment) (United States of America) (GEF)Kenya Novozymes A/S Global Green Growth Institute (Denmark) (GGGI)Philippines Viyellatex International Chamber ofPoland (Bangladesh)(Ministry of the Environment) Commerce (ICC) Turkish Association for Energy Efficiency (ENVERDER)
    21. 21. WWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM. ORGWWW.GREENINDUSTRYPLATFORM.ORG
    22. 22. Thank you

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