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Humanitarian Mission & Operations Planning (M&OP)

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Mission and operations planning (M&OP) is based on the commercial supply chain S&OP process and modified for use in planning and managing disaster response and humanitarian supply chains.

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Humanitarian Mission & Operations Planning (M&OP)

  1. 1. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 1 Logistics of Disaster Response Michael Hugos – mhugos@scmglobe.com Using Supply Chain Modeling and Simulation for Disaster Response Mission & Operations Planning (M&OP) Transportation Research Board Annual Conference 2017 - Session Nbr: P17-20648 Sponsored by: • Standing Committee on the Logistics of Disaster Response (ABR20) • Standing Committee on Military Transportation (ATO35) • Standing Committee on Emergency Evacuations (ABR30)
  2. 2. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 2 Model and Simulate any Supply Chain with Four Entities • Define different combinations of products, facilities, vehicles and routes • Place them on a map to create different supply chain models Local Aid Station Warehouse Pre-positioned Products Pre-positioned Products Pre-positioned Products Local Aid Station Local Aid Station Local Aid Station Warehouse Products – Facilities – Vehicles – Routes Train Large Truck Medium Truck Depot
  3. 3. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 3 1. Mission Orders 2. Demand Planning 3. Supply Planning 4. Reconcile Plans (Run Simulations) 5. Implement and Monitor (Evaluate Options) Every 15 days (or as needed) Demand Plan: - Product specs - Facility demands Supply Plan: - Vehicle specs - Delivery Routes Logistics Plan: Effective logistics plan for 15+ days • Based on supply chain S&OP process modified to fit needs of humanitarian / disaster response missions • CONOPS drives demand and supply planning • Supply chain simulations show how well these plans work • Use simulation results to adjust Supply Plan and Demand Plan so product supply meets mission demand CONOPS: - Scope/Facilities - Personnel Operating Cost: Operating budget and performance metrics (Products, Facilities) (Vehicles, Routes) SIMPLE 5-STEP PROCESS: Mission & Operations Planning Supply Chain Modeling & Simulation Disaster response supply chain shown in this presentation is from Nepal Earthquake in 2015
  4. 4. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 4 STEP 1. Mission Orders: Concept of Operations (CONOPS) CONOPS shows: • Which global logistics depots will send aid supplies to disaster area • Initial number and locations of aid facilities in disaster area • Organizations and number of personnel participating in the mission
  5. 5. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 5 STEP 2: Demand Planning: PRODUCTS and FACILITIES • Finalize locations and specifications for facilities • Assign activities and personnel to each facility • Define demand for products at each facility Zoom in and switch to satellite view to see actual facility and surrounding terrain and roads Use map view to see locations for in country facilities and distances between facilities
  6. 6. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 6 STEP 2: Demand Planning: PRODUCTS – Data Needed Ten Product Categories for Aid Supplies: • Camp Management • Construction • Education • Food • Health • Logistics • Operations Support • Protection • Shelter • Wash PRODUCT Name Price Weight (kg) Size (m3) Define product data at the pallet quantity level Camp Mgmt Construction etc. Define aid supply product categories needed for this disaster response
  7. 7. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 7 STEP 2. Demand Planning : FACILITIES – Data Needed FACILITY Name Type Storage Rent Ops Cost Define data for each facility Kathmandu Babare etc. FACILITY - PRODUCTS Product Name Demand Production On-Hand Define for each product at each facility Construction Food etc. • Kathmandu DC – 80 aid workers plus 1,000 - 2,000 refugees per day • Babare Warehouse – 50 aid workers plus 1,000 - 2,000 refugees per day • Charikot Warehouse – 60 aid workers plus 1,000 to 2,000 refugees per day • Deurali Warehouse – 150 aid workers plus 3,000 - 6,000 refugees per day • Dhading Warehouse – 65 aid workers plus 2,000 - 4,000 refugees per day Define facilities and demand for products at each facility
  8. 8. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 8 STEP 3. Supply Planning : VEHICLES and ROUTES • Decide how to use available vehicles to move products between facilities • Define delivery schedules and routes for vehicles serving each facility
  9. 9. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 9 STEP 3. Supply Planning : VEHICLES – Data Needed Civilian Vehicles: • Large Trucks • Medium Truck • Buses • Railroad Freight Containers • Air Freight Container • Other… Military Vehicles: • Medium Truck • Tanker Truck • Black Hawk Helicopter • C-130 Transport Aircraft • Other… VEHICLE Name Type Carry Volume Max Weight Speed Ops Cost per km Delay - Depart Define data for each vehicle Large Trucks Railroad Freight Ctr etc. Define vehicles used for delivering products to facilities
  10. 10. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 10 STEP 3. Supply Planning: ROUTES – Data Needed ROUTE - PRODUCT Name Facility/Stop Drop Qty Pickup Qty Define product drop qty for each product at each facility on a route Food Babare Shelter Charikot etc. ROUTE Name Vehicle Distance Time Define vehicle routes (each vehicle has one or more routes) Kath – Babare Helicopters (calculated) (calculated) Kath - Charikot Trucks - 20 (calculated) (calculated) etc. Delivery Routes and Vehicles: • Kuala Lumpur – Kathmandu (air freight) • Kuala Lumpur – Kolkata (ocean freight) • Kolkata – Kathmandu (large trucks) • Brindisi – Kathmandu (air freight) • Shanghai – Kathmandu (air freight) • Kathmandu – Babare (helicopters) • Kathmandu – Charikot (trucks) • Kathmandu – Deurali (trucks) • Kathmandu – Dhading (trucks and helos) Define vehicle delivery routes and products to drop off and pick up at each facility
  11. 11. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 11 STEP 4. Reconcile Plans: Build Supply Chain Model • Demand Plan provides data for: 1) PRODUCTS; 2) FACILITIES and product demand • Supply Plan provides data for: 3) VEHICLES; and 4) ROUTES and product delivery qty • Use this data to build initial supply chain model for disaster response mission
  12. 12. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 12 STEP 4. Reconcile Plans: Run Simulations – Fix Problems • Simulate operations of the supply chain to find and fix points of failure • Explore different options, make adjustments so supply chain runs for 15+ days • Supply chain model that works best in simulations becomes operating plan
  13. 13. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 13 STEP 5: Implement and Monitor: Collaboration • Cloud-based collaboration platform accessible to all (PCs, laptops, Internet) • Real-time visibility of problems as they arise, drives consensus and effective action • Data collection from participant organization computer systems and mobile devices • Map-based user interface to organize streams of data - Situational Awareness
  14. 14. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 14 STEP 5. Implement and Monitor: Operations Monitor events and update supply chain model based on new data from field operations Continue planning and simulating responses to new situations as mission unfolds (back to STEP 1)
  15. 15. SCM Globe (www.scmglobe.com) 15 Supply Chain Modeling and Simulation Learn more about disaster response supply chains and simulations on SCM Globe website: • Nepal Earthquake Disaster - http://blog.scmglobe.com/?page_id=5137 • Central European Flooding Disaster – http://blog.scmglobe.com/?page_id=2588 • Syria Evacuation Scenario - http://blog.scmglobe.com/?page_id=4672