Waste segregation

Medical Doctor um International SOS
25. Apr 2014

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Waste segregation

  1. By Dr. ANUGOM Emeka.
  2.  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines solid waste as any  - Garbage or Refuse  - Sludge from wastewater treatment plant.  -Water supply treatment plant  -Air pollution control facility  -Other discarded materials like:  1. Solid  2. Liquid  3. Semi-solid  4. Contained gaseous materials that result from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, including community activities 2
  3.  CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO PHYSICAL PROPERTIES:  1. SOLID WASTE: Generated in industries, commercially and domestically like plastics, bottles, papers etc.  2. LIQUID WASTE:  Like chemicals, oils etc. 3
  4.  CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO BIOACTIVITY PROPERTIES:  1. BIO-DEGRADABLE: This can be broken down to its constituents by micro-organisms and other living organisms regardless of its composition e.g. food, paper etc.  2. NON BIO-DEGRADABLE :  These are not able to be broken down for many years, e.g. plastics, bottles, cans etc. 4
  5.  CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACT:  1. HAZARDOUS: These are solids, liquids or gases that are dangerous or potentially harmful to health or environment. They can be: Corrosive, Ignitable(Inflammable), Reactive, or Toxic. Or listed by EPA under F-list (Nonspecific source waste), K-list (specific source waste)e.g. petroleum refining etc, P-list and U-list (Discarded commercial chemical products). 2. NON HAZARDOUS :  These are those solid wastes that are not listed or exhibit any of the characteristics attributed to hazardous wastes. 5
  6.  Poorly segregated and managed waste can adversely affect the following:  1. Our Health  2. Our Climate  3. Our Socio-economic status  4. Our Environment, especially the marine and coastal areas. 6
  7.  A. BIOHAZARD/MEDICAL WASTE:  PIC: The Medic  1. SHARPS CONTAINER: -Needles with syringes -Needles -Needles with attached tubing -Broken glass, microscope slides, pasteur or other glass pipettes contaminated with blood and blood products. -Blades (Razors, Scalpels, Lancets)  LOCATION: Clinic; E-U Deck.  DON’T dispose sharps in accommodation bins.  USE designated receptacles.  JANITORS: RETURN bins to Medic when ¾ full, NEVER thrash with regular waste. 7
  8.  2. BIOHAZARD CONTAINER: -Plastic syringes without needles -Intravenous tubing without needles -Any other item contaminated with blood and blood products that DOESN’T go into a sharps container like - Soiled dressings, gauze or cotton wool - Soiled bandages or band aid(plasters)  LOCATION: Clinic.  DON’T dispose in accommodation bins or regular thrash bin.  USE designated receptacles with proper red biohazard bin lining.  ALL: RETURN such items to the Medic for proper disposal.  Waste is labeled and logged, before transport to certified vendor for proper disposal. 8
  9.  B. OTHER TYPES OF WASTE:  PIC: Camp Boss  Janitors(Housekeepers)  Deck Crew and  All Persons On Board  1. ACCOMODATION/OFFICES: Ensure all waste generated are properly disposed in the designated receptacle, to aid proper waste management, at all times 9
  10.  2. MESS HALL/KITCHEN: Ensure all waste are disposed in designated receptacle at all times 10
  11.  3. DECK/WORK AREAS: Ensure all waste are disposed in designated receptacle at all times DON’T take or dispose food waste in work area. 11
  12. General Waste Ensure that wastes placed here cannot be placed in a designated recycle container DO NOT INCLUDE Office Paper  Clean Cardboard  Toner Cartridges  Batteries  Plastic Water Bottles  Metal Cans 
  13. Paper Office Paper  Clean Cardboard  Envelopes  Newspaper  Food containers  Plastic bags  Paperclips  Contaminated boxes  Please remove staples
  14. Please ensure all residues are removed before placing here Water Bottles  Plastic Film  Plastic Cups  Bubble Wrap  Metal Lids  No Food Contaminated Packaging  Plastic
  15. Food Waste Peelings  Bones  Rinds  Spoons  Forks  Knives 
  16. Please ensure all drinks / residues are removed before placing here Aluminum Cans  Steel Cans  Rinsed Soup Tins  Batteries  Plastic Bottles  Plastic Cups  Metal
  17. Oily Waste Ensure that wastes placed here are not placed in the recycle rag bin and are double bagged. Gloves  Filters  Soak up pads 
  18. Electrical Waste Please ensure no refrigeration units are placed in here Computers  Printers  Circuit cards  Junction Boxes 
  19. Empty paint cans  Used oil filters  Oiled PPE Broken fluorescent bulbs  If unsure what goes in here ask Senior Materials Coordinator and review MSDS. Leaking Batteries  Hazardous Waste
  20. Glass Please ensure all residues are removed before placing here Rinsed Bottles  Rinsed Jars  Bottle Lids  No Food Contaminated Packaging  Light Bulbs 
  21. Please ensure no metals are in here Pallets  Crates  Scaffold board scraps  Dunnage  Please remove staples Wood Waste
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