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Community dentistry i overview

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Community Dentistry

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Community dentistry i overview

  1. 1.  Health has been described by theWorld HealthOrganization (WHO) is a state of complete physical, mental and social well- being and is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  2. 2.  Public health, as described byWinslow, is “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts. It is concerned with lifestyle and behavior, the environment, human biology, and organizations of health programs and systems.The public pertains to the community, state, or nation.
  3. 3.  Immunizations  Motor-Vehicle Safety  Workplace Safety  Control of Infectious Diseases  Declines in Deaths from Heart Disease and Stroke  Safer and Healthier Foods  Healthier Mothers and Babies  Family Planning  Fluoridation of DrinkingWater  Tobacco as a Health Hazard  Future Directions of Public Health
  4. 4. Public health is people’s health
  5. 5. 1. Disease caused by the pollution of the country’s air and water systems. 2. Chronic diseases of the expanding population of older adults. 3. Inadequate funding for dental disease in indigent children. 4. An increase in violence among youth of today.
  6. 6.  Studying examples of public health problems appears to be the easiest means of developing an understanding of what constitutes public health. Public health problems, as described by Burt and Ecklund, must meet the following criteria. 1. A condition or situation that is a widespread actual or potential cause of morbidity or mortality. 2. An existing perception that the condition is a public health problem on the part of the public, government, or public health authorities.
  7. 7.  E.g. Immunizations, tobacco cessation programs, fluoridation of drinking water, and seat belts and air bags in cars to prevent injuries and mortality.
  8. 8. Seven Characteristics of Public Health Solutions  Not hazardous to life or function.  Effective in reducing or preventing the targeted disease or condition.  Easily and efficiently implemented.  Potency maintained for a substantial time period.  Attainable regardless of socioeconomic status.  Effective immediately upon application.  Inexpensive and within the means of the community.
  9. 9.  Dental public health has been described by the American Board of Dental Health as the science and art of preventing and controlling dental disease and promoting dental health through organized community efforts.  It is that form of dental practice which serves the community as the patient rather than the individual.  It is concerned with the dental education of the public, applied dental research, and the administration of group dental care programs, as well as prevention and control of dental diseases on a community basis.
  10. 10.  “Effort that is organized by society to protect, promote and restore the health and quality of life of the people.”
  11. 11.  “The health outhcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group. It is an approach to health with a goal to improve the health of the entire population.