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Logical Opposition (Social Philosophy and Logic)

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this presentation is all about the 4 kinds of logical opposition..

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOpXCwFt0y0

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Logical Opposition (Social Philosophy and Logic)

  1. 1. Good Day Every One!!! This Video is all about the Four kinds of Logical Opposition.    Our final Project for Humanities II (Social Philosophy and Logic) …………….Enjoy Watching……………..
  2. 2. It refers to the relationship existing between two proposition having the same subject and the same predicate but differ in quantity or in quality or in quality or both in quantity or quality. LOGICAL OPPOSITION
  3. 3. Four Kinds of Logical Opposition 1. Contrary Opposition 2. Contradictory Opposition 3. Sub- Contrary Opposition 4. Sub- Altern Opposition
  4. 4. 1. Contrary Opposition One which exist between two universal proposition that differ in quality Two propositions with the same subjects and predicates but different qualities and having the same universal quantities.
  5. 5. Rules: a. Contrary proposition cannot be true together. b. Contrary propositions can be false together.
  6. 6. Examples: A: All Cats are Dogs. (F) A: All Diamonds are Gems. (T) E: No Cats are Dogs. (T) E: No diamonds are Gems. (F) A: All Flowers are Roses. (F) E. No Flowers are Roses. (F) Thus, “If one is true the other is false; If one is false the other is doubtful.”
  7. 7. 2. Contradictory Opposition  One which exist between two proposition that differ in both quality or quantity Two propositions with the same subjects and predicates but different in quantities and in qualities.
  8. 8. Rules: a. Contradictory proposition cannot be true together. b.Contradictory proposition cannot be false together.
  9. 9. Example: A: All Dogs are Animals. (T) O: Some Dogs are not Animals. (F) E: no women are married. (F) I. Some Women are married. (T) Thus, “If one is true the other is false or vice versa.”
  10. 10. 3. Sub- Contrary Proposition One which exist between two particular propositions that differ only in quality. Two particular propositions with the same subjects and predicates but different qualities.
  11. 11. Rules: a. Sub-Contrary Proposition cannot be false together. b.Sub-Contrary proposition may be true together.
  12. 12. Examples: I: Some Basketball Players are tall. (T) O: Some Basketball Players are not tall. O: Some Triangles are not Squares. (T) I; Some Triangles are Squares. (F) I: Some Students are present. (F) O: Some Students are not present. (T) Thus, “If one is true the other is false; If one is true the other is doubtful.”
  13. 13. 4. Sub- Altern Opposition One which exist between two propositions that differ in quality. Two propositions with the same subjects and Predicates both with the same qualities and different only in qualities.
  14. 14. Rules: a. Sub-Altern Proposition cannot be false together. b.Sub-Altern Proposition can be true together.
  15. 15. Examples: A: All Dogs are Animals.(T) I: Some Dogs are Animals. (T) E: No Cats are Dogs. (T) O: Some Cats are not Dogs. (T) Thus, “If the universal is true the particular is true but if the universal is false, the particular is doubtful or vice versa.
  16. 16. The Square of Proposition
  17. 17. Pictorials During Reporting

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