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Tenses
TENSES
Presented By:
Rana Rashid
TENSE MEANS TIME____
a) PRESENT TIME
b) PAST TIME
c) FUTURE TIME
There are
three
Main tenses
The Present
The Past
The Future
EACH TENSE HAS FOUR FORMS
SIMPLE: Present, Past, Future
CONTINUOUS: Present, Past, Future
PERFECT: Present, Past, Future
PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Present, Past, Future
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Present Form Of verb
OR
Present Form Of Verb
+
‘s’ or ‘es’
USES
Repeated Actions
Habitual Actions
Universal Truth
Examples:
1.I drink tea daily.
2. She drinks tea daily.
3. I sing well.
4. She sings well.
5. Honesty is the best policy.
6. Our school re-opens in July.
7. Ram doesn’t go to school .
8. I don’t like to read sad
stories.
9. Does he know the way?
10. Doesn’t he play rugby?
Simple Past Tense
Past Form Of Verb
Uses:
o PAST ACTION
o NARRATION OF STORIES
o DESCRIPTION OF SERIES OF
PAST EVENTS
Examples:
1. I / She received your
letter yesterday.
2. It rained last week.
3. She watched her brother
being awarded.
Simple Future Tense
Will + Present form of the Verb
Uses:
o FUTURE ACTIONS
Examples:
1. She will receive
your letter tomorrow.
2.It looks like it
will rain tomorrow.
3.She will watch her
brother being awarded.
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
Was, were + Present Participle
Uses:
To describe an action that
Was going on at a point of time, When
another action took place.
Examples:
1. It was raining at this time
yesterday.
2. She was watching her brother play
when the thieves entered the house.
3. He was typing in his office when the
fire broke out.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
TENSE
Is, am, are + Present Participle
Uses:
To describe an action that :
Is happening at the moment of
speaking.
Going on over a period of time.
Examples:
1. It is raining.
2. She is watching her brother
play.
3. My sister is singing on the
stage.
PAST PERFECT TENSE
Had + Past Participle
Uses:
To describe an action that
had already taken place in
the past before another action
took place In the past.
Examples:
1. When I reached the station,
the train had left.
2. They had already pulled down
the old building before the
order
was given.
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
Will/ shall have + Past
Participle
Uses:
To describe an action that
will be completed by
some point of time in the
future.
Examples:
1.He will have left before
you reach.
2. They will have cleaned
the streets in an hour.
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
has/ have +Past Participle
Uses:
To describe an action:
Which has been completed
or done just now, near the
present time.
An action that has taken place
In the past, but the action has
Its effect In the present.
An action that began in the past,
and is continuing in the present.
Examples:
1. He has eaten all the biscuits.
2. He has lived here for ten years.
PRESENT PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
Has been/ have been
+
Present Participle
Use:
To describe an action
which began in the past but
Is still continuing in the
present.
Examples:
1. He has been sleeping for
five hours.
2. They have been working
since 9a.m.
PAST PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
Had been
+
Present Participle
Use:
To describe an action
that
began in the past and
continued in the past for
sometime.
Examples:
1. When I visited him, he
had been teaching there for five
years.
FUTURE PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
Will have been
+
Present Participle
Use:
To describe an action
That will be in
progress even after a
given point of time.
Examples:
1. By next December,
We will have been living
here for five years.
PRESENT TENSE
SIMPLE PRESENT
I/WE/THEY/YOU
READ.
SHE/HE/IT READS.
PRESENT PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
I/ WE/ THEY/YOU HAVE
BEEN READING +TIME.
SHE/HE/IT HAS BEEN
READING +TIME.
PRESENT PERFECT
I/WE/THEY/YOU
HAVE READ.
SHE/HE /IT HAS
READ.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
I AM READING.
YOU/WE/THEY ARE
READING.
SHE/HE/IT IS READING.
SIMPLE PAST
I/WE/THEY/YOU/SHE
/HE/IT
READ.
PAST PERFECT
I/HE/SHE/YOU/WE/T
HEY
HAD READ THE
BOOK LAST WEEK.
PAST PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
I/WE/SHE/HE/THEY/YOU HAD
BEEN READING THE BOOK
WHEN
THE TEACHER WENT INTO THE
CLASSROOM.
PAST CONTINUOUS
I/SHE/HE/IT WAS
READING.
YOU/WE/THEY WERE
READING.
PAST TENSE
FUTURE TENSE
FUTURE PERFECT
I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/TH
EY WILL HAVE READ
THE BOOK BY NEXT
WEEK.
FUTURE PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THE
Y WILL HAVE BEEN
READING THE BOOK
FOR FIVE DAYS ON
MONDAY.
SIMPLE FUTURE
I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THE
Y
WILL READ THE
BOOK TOMORROW.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
I/WE/YOU/THEY/HE/SHE
WILL BE READING THE
BOOK SOON.
COMMON MISTAKES IN TENSES
1.It is raining since yesterday. X
It has been raining since yesterday.
2. I reached the station before the train had arrived. X
I had reached the station before the train arrived.
3. Yesterday we had seen the panther. X
Yesterday we saw the panther.
4. I had been playing a match.
I had been playing a match yesterday, so
couldn’t go out with my friends.
THANK YOU

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Tenses

  • 3. TENSE MEANS TIME____ a) PRESENT TIME b) PAST TIME c) FUTURE TIME
  • 4. There are three Main tenses The Present The Past The Future EACH TENSE HAS FOUR FORMS SIMPLE: Present, Past, Future CONTINUOUS: Present, Past, Future PERFECT: Present, Past, Future PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Present, Past, Future
  • 5. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Present Form Of verb OR Present Form Of Verb + ‘s’ or ‘es’ USES Repeated Actions Habitual Actions Universal Truth Examples: 1.I drink tea daily. 2. She drinks tea daily. 3. I sing well. 4. She sings well. 5. Honesty is the best policy. 6. Our school re-opens in July. 7. Ram doesn’t go to school . 8. I don’t like to read sad stories. 9. Does he know the way? 10. Doesn’t he play rugby?
  • 6. Simple Past Tense Past Form Of Verb Uses: o PAST ACTION o NARRATION OF STORIES o DESCRIPTION OF SERIES OF PAST EVENTS Examples: 1. I / She received your letter yesterday. 2. It rained last week. 3. She watched her brother being awarded. Simple Future Tense Will + Present form of the Verb Uses: o FUTURE ACTIONS Examples: 1. She will receive your letter tomorrow. 2.It looks like it will rain tomorrow. 3.She will watch her brother being awarded.
  • 7. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE Was, were + Present Participle Uses: To describe an action that Was going on at a point of time, When another action took place. Examples: 1. It was raining at this time yesterday. 2. She was watching her brother play when the thieves entered the house. 3. He was typing in his office when the fire broke out. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Is, am, are + Present Participle Uses: To describe an action that : Is happening at the moment of speaking. Going on over a period of time. Examples: 1. It is raining. 2. She is watching her brother play. 3. My sister is singing on the stage.
  • 8. PAST PERFECT TENSE Had + Past Participle Uses: To describe an action that had already taken place in the past before another action took place In the past. Examples: 1. When I reached the station, the train had left. 2. They had already pulled down the old building before the order was given. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE Will/ shall have + Past Participle Uses: To describe an action that will be completed by some point of time in the future. Examples: 1.He will have left before you reach. 2. They will have cleaned the streets in an hour. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE has/ have +Past Participle Uses: To describe an action: Which has been completed or done just now, near the present time. An action that has taken place In the past, but the action has Its effect In the present. An action that began in the past, and is continuing in the present. Examples: 1. He has eaten all the biscuits. 2. He has lived here for ten years.
  • 9. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Has been/ have been + Present Participle Use: To describe an action which began in the past but Is still continuing in the present. Examples: 1. He has been sleeping for five hours. 2. They have been working since 9a.m. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Had been + Present Participle Use: To describe an action that began in the past and continued in the past for sometime. Examples: 1. When I visited him, he had been teaching there for five years. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS Will have been + Present Participle Use: To describe an action That will be in progress even after a given point of time. Examples: 1. By next December, We will have been living here for five years.
  • 10. PRESENT TENSE SIMPLE PRESENT I/WE/THEY/YOU READ. SHE/HE/IT READS. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS I/ WE/ THEY/YOU HAVE BEEN READING +TIME. SHE/HE/IT HAS BEEN READING +TIME. PRESENT PERFECT I/WE/THEY/YOU HAVE READ. SHE/HE /IT HAS READ. PRESENT CONTINUOUS I AM READING. YOU/WE/THEY ARE READING. SHE/HE/IT IS READING.
  • 11. SIMPLE PAST I/WE/THEY/YOU/SHE /HE/IT READ. PAST PERFECT I/HE/SHE/YOU/WE/T HEY HAD READ THE BOOK LAST WEEK. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS I/WE/SHE/HE/THEY/YOU HAD BEEN READING THE BOOK WHEN THE TEACHER WENT INTO THE CLASSROOM. PAST CONTINUOUS I/SHE/HE/IT WAS READING. YOU/WE/THEY WERE READING. PAST TENSE
  • 12. FUTURE TENSE FUTURE PERFECT I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/TH EY WILL HAVE READ THE BOOK BY NEXT WEEK. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THE Y WILL HAVE BEEN READING THE BOOK FOR FIVE DAYS ON MONDAY. SIMPLE FUTURE I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THE Y WILL READ THE BOOK TOMORROW. FUTURE CONTINUOUS I/WE/YOU/THEY/HE/SHE WILL BE READING THE BOOK SOON.
  • 13. COMMON MISTAKES IN TENSES 1.It is raining since yesterday. X It has been raining since yesterday. 2. I reached the station before the train had arrived. X I had reached the station before the train arrived. 3. Yesterday we had seen the panther. X Yesterday we saw the panther. 4. I had been playing a match. I had been playing a match yesterday, so couldn’t go out with my friends.